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Número de publicaciónUS3916884 A
Tipo de publicaciónConcesión
Fecha de publicación4 Nov 1975
Fecha de presentación27 Ago 1974
Fecha de prioridad25 Sep 1973
También publicado comoCA1025742A1, DE2443983A1
Número de publicaciónUS 3916884 A, US 3916884A, US-A-3916884, US3916884 A, US3916884A
InventoresDavid J Attenburrow
Cesionario originalReed International Ltd
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet
Supporting collar
US 3916884 A
Resumen
A neck supporting collar comprises at least two strips of board material disposed side by side and covered by an envelope of flexible sheet material which provides a fold line between the two strips, so that the strips can be disposed face to face to reduce the width of the collar. Preferably the collar comprises three strips of board material of unequal width, the envelope providing a fold line between the centre and each of the outer strips.
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United States Patent Attenburrow 45] N 4, 1975 SUPPORTING COLLAR 2,957,475 10/1960 Drake 128/87 R 2,980,110 4/1961 Brumfield et a1. l28/87 R [75], Inventor Dav! Attenbumw Bndlmgtm 3,496,934 2/1970 Anderson 128/93 x England 3,504,667 4/1970 McFarlane..... [73] Assignee: Reed International Limited, 3,512,523 5/1970 Barnett 128/75 London, England P E Ri h d A G d nmary xammer-- c at au et [22] Filed: 1974 Assistant ExaminerJ. Yasko [21] A l N 501,103 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Elliott I. Pollock [30] Foreign Application Priority Data [57] ABSTRACT Sept. 25, 1973 United Kingdom 44848/73 A neck suppdrting F compfises, at least two strips of board material dlsposed side by slde and covered by 52 US. Cl. 128/75; l28/DIG. 23 an envelope of flexible Sheet material which PYOIides 51 Int. Cl. A61H 1/02 a fold line between the two ships that the Ships 5 Field f Search 128/75 DIG 23, 87 83 can be disposed face to face to reduce the width of the collar. Preferably the collar comprises three strips of board material of unequal width, the envelope provid- [56] References Cited ing a fold line between the centre and each of the UNITED STATES PATENTS smps' 2,874,468 2/1959 DeWoskin 128/75 x 7 Claims, 4 Drawing figures Sheet 1 of2 US. Patent Nov. 4, 1975 U.S. Patent Nov.4, 1975 Sheet 2 of2 3,916,884

SUPPORTING COLLAR This invention relates to a neck supporting collar.

The object of the invention is to provide a low cost neck supporting collar which can be easily fitted to any patient, who hassuffered an injury by impact, to ensure that further injury of the neck is avoided when moving the patient from the scene of the accident.

According to the invention a neck supporting collar is formed by at least two strips of board material disposed side by side and covered by an envelope of flexible sheet material which provides a fold line between the two strips, so that the strips can be disposed face-toface to reduce the width of the collar.

Preferably the collar has three strips of board material of unequal width, the envelope providing a fold line between the centre and each of the outer strips.

The collar is thus readily adjustable in width and its fastening arrangement can be such that the collar is readily adjustable in length. This allows emergency services to meet a maximum demarid say in the case of an aircraft accident, without having to carry numerous collars of different sizes.

The collar has the necessary flexibility for it to be bent into position around the neck and the necessary transverse stiffness to provide adequate support of the head. If the strips are provided with transverse score lines the longitudinal bending of the collar can be controlled; thus for example score lines can be provided so that the collar takes up the shape of the neck at the back but is, relatively speaking, pointed at the front to ensure that the windpipe of the patient is not restricted and to give added support to the jaw. The board material may be chipboard, hardboard, cardboard or grained wood cut so that the grain extends width-wise of the strips.

The flexible material used for the envelope is preferably plastics material such as P.V.C.; longitudinal weld lines may be provided between facing surfaces of the envelope material to seal each strip within its own compartment in an airtight manner and simultaneously to provide a fold line between the strips.

One construction of neck supporting collar in accordance with the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the collar in the openedout position.

FIGS. 2(a) to 2(d) show different ways in which the collar can be adjusted to vary its width,

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of the collar showing its internal construction, and

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the collar as it would be folded around the neck of a patient.

Referring to the drawings, the collar is constructed so that it lies flat for storage as shown in FIG. 1. In use the collar is bent around the neck of a patient and fastened together at its ends as shown in FIG. 4, the fastening in this example coming at the back of the neck of the patient. The fastening can take any suitable form provided that it is adjustable to vary the effective length of the collar. In the example shown in the drawing the fastening is a touch-and-close fastening having one fastening strip 1 extending along the collar and a second fastening strip 2 on a tab 3. Such fastening strips are sold under the Registered Trade Mark VELCRO, one of the strips being formed with a plurality of loop elements of plastic material and the other with a plural- 2 ity of hook elements which engage with the loops when the strips are pressed together. Adjustment of the length of the collar is brought about by adjustment of amount by which the strip 2 overlaps the strip 1.

The collar is formed using three side-by-side strips of board material, a central strip 4 and two wing strips 5 and 6 all of unequal width, the central strip 4 having a width slightly greater than the sum of the widths of the strips 5 and 6. The strips 4, 5 and 6 have an envelope 7 of plastics sheet material such as P.V.C. Line welds 8 and 9 extend between the central strip 4 and the wing strips 5 and 6, to seal each strip in airtight manner in its own compartment and simultaneously provide a fold line by means of which the two wing strips 5 and 6 can be folded on to the central strip 4 so that the wing strips 5 and 6 are disposed face to face with the central strip 4. In FIGS. 2(a)-2(d) are shown the various positional combinations of the wing strips 5 and 6 in order to vary the width of the collar. Thus FIG. 2(a) shows the widest collar and FIG. 2(d) the narrowest collar.

Transverse score lines 10 and 11 (FIG. 1) are provided at the ends and at mid-length of the collar respectively to control the bending of the collar so that it takes up the shape shown in FIG. 4 when fitted to a patient, the relatively pointed front ensuring that the windpipe is not restricted and providing added support for the jaw.

Polyester foam 12 (FIG. 3) covers the surfaces of the wing strips 5 and 6 and provides a cushioning effect against the jaw and shoulder of the patient.

I claim:

1. A neck supporting collar comprising at least two elongated strips of board material disposed side by side and covered by an envelope of flexible sheet material which provides a longitudinal fold line between the two strips so that the strips can be disposed face to face to reduce the width of the collar, the opposing ends of the collar being provided respectively with cooperating fastening means, at least one of said strips being provided with transverse score lines to control the bending of said collar when said strips are bent about the neck of a wearer to permit the opposing ends of said collar to be fastened to one another by said cooperating fastening means.

2. A neck supporting collar according to claim 1, wherein the collar. comprises three strips of board material of unequal width, the envelope providing a fold line between the centre and each of the outer strips.

3. A neck supporting collar according to claim 2, wherein the outer strips are covered by cushioning material.

4. A neck supporting collar according to claim 2, wherein the sum of the widths of the two outer strips is less than the width of the centre strip.

5. A neck supporting collar according to claim 2, wherein the envelope is of plastics material and each fold line is provided by a weld line joining facing surfaces of the envelope to seal each strip in its own compartment of the envelope.

6. A neck supporting collar according to claim 1, wherein one of the strips is provided with transverse score lines adjacent an end to control 'the bending of the collar.

7. A neck supporting collar according to claim 1, wherein at least one transverse score line is provided at the mid-length of said strip to provide a pointed bend in the strip at the midlength.

Citas de patentes
Patente citada Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US2874468 *14 Feb 195724 Feb 1959Woskin Irvin S DeOrthodontic device
US2957475 *24 Jun 195825 Oct 1960Drake FrancesBandage with removable splints
US2980110 *28 Feb 195518 Abr 1961Richard S BrumfieldSurgical splint and bandage
US3496934 *4 Dic 196724 Feb 1970Anderson Chester SDisposable immobilizing splint
US3504667 *14 Nov 19667 Abr 1970Mcfarlane Archie JHead brace
US3512523 *27 Feb 196719 May 1970Barnett Harry ECervical collar with means for varying the height and shape thereof
Citada por
Patente citante Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US4819622 *6 Jul 198711 Abr 1989Taylor Natalee EOrthopedic cervical support collar and method of making the same
US5060637 *12 Ene 198829 Oct 1991Ferno-Washington, Inc.Disposable cervical collar
US5520619 *22 Feb 199428 May 1996Ambu International A/SAdjustable cervical collar
US5588957 *15 Ago 199531 Dic 1996Ambu International A/SCervical collar
US5728054 *24 May 199617 Mar 1998Ambu International A/SAdjustable cervical collar
US5785670 *3 Sep 199728 Jul 1998Hiebert; Eugene LloydAdjustable cervical collar
US5788658 *31 Ene 19974 Ago 1998Islava; Steven T.Field adjustable extrication collar
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US6036664 *7 Jun 199514 Mar 2000Ambu International A/SAutomatic adjustable cervical collar
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US6090058 *30 Dic 199718 Jul 2000Laerdal Medical CorporationMultiple-size cervical collar
US624503329 Nov 199912 Jun 2001Ambu International A/SAdjustable cervical collar
US672664313 Mar 200027 Abr 2004Ambu International A/SAutomatic adjustable cervical collar
US6991612 *16 Jun 200431 Ene 2006The Seaberg Company, Inc.Orthopedic splints
US732922930 Ene 200612 Feb 2008The Seaberg Company, Inc.Orthopedic splints
US81423806 Jul 200727 Mar 2012Hasegawa CorporationFolding cervical vertebra protective band
US865776813 Sep 201125 Feb 2014Salvatore CalabreseCervical collar having flexible chin support
USRE36745 *13 Ene 199920 Jun 2000Ambu Inc.Extrication cervical collar with adjustable supports
WO2006009697A2 *16 Jun 200526 Ene 2006Adrian A PolliackOrthopedic splints
Clasificaciones
Clasificación de EE.UU.602/18, 128/DIG.230
Clasificación internacionalA61F13/12, A61F5/01, A61F5/02, A61F5/055
Clasificación cooperativaA61F5/055, A61F13/12, A61F5/01, Y10S128/23
Clasificación europeaA61F5/055, A61F5/01, A61F13/12