|Número de publicación||US3960298 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Número de solicitud||US 05/462,420|
|Fecha de publicación||1 Jun 1976|
|Fecha de presentación||19 Abr 1974|
|Fecha de prioridad||25 Oct 1972|
|Número de publicación||05462420, 462420, US 3960298 A, US 3960298A, US-A-3960298, US3960298 A, US3960298A|
|Inventores||Peter Leslie Birrell|
|Cesionario original||The Cornelius Company|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (7), Citada por (97), Clasificaciones (10)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
This application is a division of my copending U.S. application entitled "Method of and Means for Dispensing", Ser. No. 300,505, filed Oct. 25, 1972, now Pat. No. 3,828,923
This invention relates to a filled container assembly wherein a portion of the closure of the container is used to control the flow therefrom when the filled container is installed in a dispenser device.
Assurance of genuineness of trademarked products that are dispensed is a matter of concern. Non-reusable sealing closures have been applied to the container to give some degree of assurance in the channels of trade between the time that the container is sealed and the time that it is to be opened by the user. Heretofore, such closures have not been used to function as part of a dispenser to control the flow of contents therefrom.
An aspect of the invention is to provide a container assembly having a dispensing closure for its discharge end, the container being adapted to be replaceably coupled in an inverted position with a separate dispenser mechanism, the closure comprising a unitary diaphragm member having a central body portion and a continuous margin portion adapted to be secured to the container at its mouth to initially seal it, there being a generally circular line of weakness in said member, said line of weakness being defined by adjacent edges of said portions, said body portion being a prospective modulating element for cooperating with the discharge end of the container after opening at said line of weakness, means on one of said portions for cooperating with complemental structure on the dispenser mechanism for effecting relative movement between said portions to effect such opening, and means on said body portion for cooperating with complemental support structure on the dispenser mechanism for effecting relative axial spacing between said portions for determining the effective size of the resulting dispensing opening around said body portion.
Other features and advantages of the invention will be readily apparent from the following descrption taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view showing a container assembly having a closure for dispensing, according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged plan view of the inner surface of the closure taken substantially along line II--II of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken substantially along the line III--III of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary elevational view showing a modified attachment of the closure to the container;
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary elevational view of a further modified attachment of the closure to the container;
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view through a dispenser with which the sealed container is associated;
FIG. 7 is a view similar to FIG. 6, but showing the closure in the dispensing mode;
FIG. 8 is a fragmentary sectional view taken substantially along the line VIII--VIII of FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view showing a modified dispenser, closure and container arrangement; and
FIG. 10 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a portion of FIG. 9.
As shown in FIG. 1, a container assembly includes a container such as a glass jar having a mouth 20a or discharge opening through a neck 21 which comprises the closure end of the container 20, there being particulate flowable material 22 such as coffee therein. The mouth 20a is closed by a diaphragm closure 23 of unitary construction which comprises a tamper resistant non-reusable seal.
As shown in FIG. 2, the diaphragm closure 23 has a central movable body portion 24 surrounded by a continuous margin portion 25 which, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, is engageable with a lip 27 of the container 20. The closure 23 has a flange 28 on its margin 25 and in this embodiment has an annular formation of cement 28a sealing the flange 28 to the lip portion 27 of the container 20. The closure 23 is made by vacuum forming and comprises thermoplastic sheet material haviang a typical thickness of 0.010 inch, and may also comprise high impact styrene film. A negative pressure within the container 20 may supplement or replace the cement 28a.
The flange 28 may be secured to the container by other structure such as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5. In FIG. 4, a laterally projecting lip-bead 29 of the container 20' is of complementary shape to the flange 28' which is snapped thereover, after which the seal 23' is heat shrunk. A number of spaced holes 30 are provided in the flange 28' to ease assembly of the seal 23' to the container 20'.
As shown in FIG. 5, a container 20' has a series of retaining projections 31 received in the holes 30. Optionally, the holes 30 and the projections 31 are not uniformly spaced, but are arranged in complementary relation to each other according to a product identification code. An attempted mismatch should damage the closure and should cause interference with reception in a dispenser.
As shown in FIG. 1, a conventional cap 33 having threads 34 that match a set of threads 35 on the neck 21 is provided for use during shipment to prevent inadvertent or premature opening of a rupturable connection 32 (FIG. 2) in the closure 23. With the cap 33 removed and the container 20 inverted, the closure 23 remains attached to the container 20 and the weight of the contents does not rupture or open the connection 32 so that the filled container assembly can be inverted for subsequent dispensing through the closure 23 which is then the lower surface of the container 20.
As shown in FIG. 6, a dispenser or dispensing mechanism includes a housing 36 having a collar 37 which has internal threads 38 complemental to the container threads 35.
Means are provided on the dispenser housing 36 for opening the closure 23. In this embodiment, two such means are provided which may work independently of each other or in conjunction with each other. A resilient O-ring 39 of substantially square radial cross section has a flat shoulder directed toward the closure 23, the O-ring 39 being in a groove 40. An annular shoulder 41, best seen in FIG. 3, is engageable with the flat shoulder surface on the O-ring 39 for removing the margin portion 25 by the shearing action of the lip 27 and O-ring 39. The sheared off margin portion 25 is squeezed between the lowermost thread and the O-ring 39 to provide a degree of sealing analogous to that described below in relation to FIG. 10.
To facilitate such shearing, as shown in FIG. 2, the lower surface of the container 20, here the closure 23, has a generally circular line of weakness 42,43 defined by the closure portions 24,25. In this embodiment, the line of weakness comprises a set of outer slits 42 which may be fully or partially severed and a set of inner slits 43 alternately arranged therewith. The slits 42,43 extend angularly so as to be substantially or immediately adjacent to each other, but because of the ends of adjacent slits 42,43 being offset from each other, a set of integral spoke-like connections 44 are provided between the central body portion 24 and the annular margin portion 25.
Immediately radially inwardly disposed from the slits 42, 43, there is an annular sealing area 45 having a ring of sealing material 49 thereon. As the line of weakness 41,42 has a greater diameter than the inside diameter of the mouth 20a, the body portion 24, when re-engaged with the container 20 can reclose the same. The annular flange 28 on the margin portion 25 has a further annular flange 47. When the sealing area 45 has been thrust past the ring 40, a set of wiper tongues 48 which partially define the slits 42 provide resistance for movement of the body portion 23 past the O-ring 39.
As shown in FIG. 3, the radially inner margin of the sealing area 45 merges into an annular centering and stiffening flange 50. The body portion 24 has a number of projections which extend toward the interior of the container 20 including a set of vane-like ribs 51, there being one such rib 51 aligned with each of the spoke-like connections 44. The ribs function as stiffening devices but also as impellers or stirrers of the contents. The ends 52 of the ribs 51 comprise oblique end faces which in conjunction with or in place of the flange 50 serve as a centering means. The ends 52 jointly define a number of points on a frustoconical configuration or locus.
The housing 36 has a shoulder 53 which partially defines the groove 40 and which also serves to limit the distance which the container 20 can be moved into the housing 36.
The other means for opening the closure 23 includes a rotatable spindle 54 disposed centrally in a dispensing chamber 58 defined by a wall 57 (FIG. 7) of the housing 36. When the closure 23 has been opened as shown in FIG. 7, a shoulder 55 which is the underside of the shoulder 53 and the annular sealing area 45 jointly define an annular orifice 55a which extends about the detached body portion 24 which is then remote from its original sealed position and spaced axially from the container surface where the line of weakness 42,43 was initially disposed.
The spindle 54 has a centering boss 59 of frustoconical configuration on which a frustoconical indentation or embossment 60 of the body portion 24 is supported. (In FIG. 7, there is shown two body portions 24, the one nested within the other, illustrating that the dispenser has a capability of supporting more than one such body portions, such as from a prior container.) The spindle 54 has an upwardly directed annular seat 61 which engages and supports the detached body portion 24, engaging an annular seating area 62 on the closure. The embossment 60 and the centering boss 59 are of noncircular horizontal cross section for two purposes: one is to provide an angular drive therebetween to provide corotation and the other is to provide predetermined complementary formations to serve as further coding means whereby the trademarked product in the container will be the same as may be identified on the outside of the housing 36. A representative construction includes a keying rib 63 on the embossment 60 which extends radially inwardly and is received in a keying groove 64 in the centering boss 59 to function as part of the opening means. If the key 63 and groove 64 are not initially aligned, a shoulder 65 at the lower end of the key 63 will engage the upper end of the centering boss 59 which forms part of the support means, but as the closure 23 is flexible the rupturable connection 32 may not sever. However, when the spindle 54 is subsequently rotated, as soon as the groove 64 becomes aligned with the rib 63, these elements interfit axially and then there is positive rotational driving movement to sever the movable body portion 24 from the margin portion 25. It should be expected that the relative axial movement between these portions will sever the connection 32, and if it does, the subsequent rotation of the spindle 54 will effect alignment of the groove 64 with the key 63 to permit the body portion to drop to the remote position as illustrated in FIG. 7.
A number of radial vanes 67 carried by the spindle 54 divide the dispensing chamber 58 into individual movable volumetric metering pockets 67a. The upper ends of each pocket 67a is open to receive material from the dispensing orifice 55a and those pockets are closed at the bottom thereof by the housing 36. The pockets 67a are moved in angular increments so that one of them becomes aligned with a chute 68 for discharging the material, closed at its upper end.
In this embodiment, the collar 37 has a number of spillout openings 69 which extend vertically into the portion of the collar where the threads 38 are located. If an attempt is made to reuse the container 20 after it has been refilled, on inversion thereof before the threads can be interengaged, contents will spill out through the openings 69. The threads between the container 20 and the housing 36 may also be judiciously selected to comprise part of the coding structure. The container 20 and the housing 36 may have a straight-in sliding fit as shown in FIG. 9.
With the detached body portion 24 supported to define the annular orifice 55a, the body portion 24 is moved with respect to the container in an axial or angular direction so as to agitate the material to break up bridging so as to assist but to govern the flow of the material therethrough. The upper surface of the body portion 24 is frustoconical, there being approximately a typical slope of 15° and this slope aids material flow.
As shown in FIG. 3, the slope of the end 52 of the rib 51 enables substantial flexing of the seal without interference occurring whereby distortion is avoided. The connection 32 having been opened, the wiper tongues 48 in cooperation with the ring 39 also serve to assist in breaking any vacuum by the mere slight withdrawl of the container 20 by stripping the body portion 24 therefrom.
In this embodiment, the upper surfaces of the ribs 51 lie in a common plane so that the radially outer ends of the ribs are thicker than the inner ends thereof. However, this is not an essential feature as the rib in a proper embodiment can even be omitted as shown in FIG. 9.
In the modification of FIG. 9, the closure 23" has its outer margin trapped in a peripheral groove 71 defined in part by an annular rib 72 on the container 20'" and a shoulder 73 on the dispenser housing 36' which coact in shear relation to comprise opening means. The container 20'" has a shoulder 74 (FIG. 10) which has stop functions and the severed marginal portion of the closure 23 is thus trapped to form a seal. The support means is provided by a stem or spindle 75 having a boss or conical tip 77 received in a complemental embossment 78 of the closure 23". An annular area 79 and an annular reinforcing and metering flange 80 define the dispensing orifice surrounding the body portion as previously described. Surrounding the portion 80, there is a frustoconical locus, a number of points on which have a centering function similar to that of the rib ends 52.
Movement of the inverted filled container 20' to the position illustrated fractures the closure member 23" so that its body portion 24' may drop to a position of support as illustrated.
It will be understood that variations and modifications may be effected without departing from the spirit and scope of the novel concepts of this invention.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US2198564 *||7 Jul 1939||23 Abr 1940||Owens Illinois Glass Co||Dispensing container|
|US2755003 *||26 Nov 1954||17 Jul 1956||Sherbondy William A||Dispensing device for plastic materials and the like|
|US3157320 *||22 Mar 1963||17 Nov 1964||Sherriffe Louie H||Soap admixing and dispensing device|
|US3307746 *||28 Jun 1965||7 Mar 1967||Illinois Tool Works||Frangible opening device for containers|
|US3443726 *||18 Ago 1967||13 May 1969||Nat Can Corp||Multiple element mixing and dispensing container|
|US3768697 *||20 Abr 1971||30 Oct 1973||Braun Co W||Multi-product dispenser package|
|US3828973 *||25 Oct 1972||13 Ago 1974||Cornelius Co||Method of and means for dispensing|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US6751525||8 Jun 2000||15 Jun 2004||Beverage Works, Inc.||Beverage distribution and dispensing system and method|
|US6766656||30 Nov 2001||27 Jul 2004||Beverage Works, Inc.||Beverage dispensing apparatus|
|US6799085||22 Oct 2001||28 Sep 2004||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance supply distribution, dispensing and use system method|
|US6848600||30 Nov 2001||1 Feb 2005||Beverage Works, Inc.||Beverage dispensing apparatus having carbonated and non-carbonated water supplier|
|US6857541||30 Nov 2001||22 Feb 2005||Beverage Works, Inc.||Drink supply canister for beverage dispensing apparatus|
|US6896159||30 Nov 2001||24 May 2005||Beverage Works, Inc.||Beverage dispensing apparatus having fluid director|
|US6915925||28 Jun 2004||12 Jul 2005||Beverage Works, Inc.||Refrigerator having a gas supply apparatus for pressurizing drink supply canisters|
|US6986263||24 May 2004||17 Ene 2006||Beverage Works, Inc.||Refrigerator having a beverage dispenser and a display device|
|US7004355||30 Nov 2001||28 Feb 2006||Beverage Works, Inc.||Beverage dispensing apparatus having drink supply canister holder|
|US7032779||25 Ene 2005||25 Abr 2006||Beverage Works, Inc.||Refrigerator having a beverage dispensing apparatus with a drink supply canister holder|
|US7032780||31 Mar 2005||25 Abr 2006||Beverage Works, Inc.||Refrigerator that displays beverage images, reads beverage data files and produces beverages|
|US7083071||1 May 2002||1 Ago 2006||Beverage Works, Inc.||Drink supply canister for beverage dispensing apparatus|
|US7168592||31 Mar 2005||30 Ene 2007||Beverage Works, Inc.||Refrigerator having a gas line which pressurizes a drink supply container for producing beverages|
|US7203572||24 May 2004||10 Abr 2007||Beverage Works, Inc.||System and method for distributing drink supply containers|
|US7204259||31 Ago 2004||17 Abr 2007||Beverage Works, Inc.||Dishwasher operable with supply distribution, dispensing and use system method|
|US7278552||14 Ene 2005||9 Oct 2007||Beverage Works, Inc.||Water supplier for a beverage dispensing apparatus of a refrigerator|
|US7337924||14 Mar 2006||4 Mar 2008||Beverage Works, Inc.||Refrigerator which removably holds a drink supply container having a valve co-acting with an engager|
|US7356381||13 Mar 2006||8 Abr 2008||Beverage Works, Inc.||Refrigerator operable to display an image and output a carbonated beverage|
|US7367480||14 Ene 2005||6 May 2008||Beverage Works, Inc.||Drink supply canister having a self-closing pressurization valve operable to receive a pressurization pin|
|US7389895||14 Ene 2005||24 Jun 2008||Beverage Works, Inc.||Drink supply canister having a drink supply outlet valve with a rotatable member|
|US7416097||19 May 2006||26 Ago 2008||Beverage Works, Inc.||Drink supply container valve assembly|
|US7419073||25 Ene 2005||2 Sep 2008||Beverage Works, In.C||Refrigerator having a fluid director access door|
|US7478031||7 Nov 2002||13 Ene 2009||Qst Holdings, Llc||Method, system and program for developing and scheduling adaptive integrated circuity and corresponding control or configuration information|
|US7484388||31 Ago 2004||3 Feb 2009||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance operable with supply distribution, dispensing and use system and method|
|US7489779||5 Mar 2002||10 Feb 2009||Qstholdings, Llc||Hardware implementation of the secure hash standard|
|US7493375||29 Abr 2002||17 Feb 2009||Qst Holding, Llc||Storage and delivery of device features|
|US7512173||13 Mar 2007||31 Mar 2009||Qst Holdings, Llc||Low I/O bandwidth method and system for implementing detection and identification of scrambling codes|
|US7602740||10 Dic 2001||13 Oct 2009||Qst Holdings, Inc.||System for adapting device standards after manufacture|
|US7606943||3 May 2007||20 Oct 2009||Qst Holdings, Llc||Adaptable datapath for a digital processing system|
|US7609297||25 Jun 2003||27 Oct 2009||Qst Holdings, Inc.||Configurable hardware based digital imaging apparatus|
|US7611031||25 Ene 2005||3 Nov 2009||Beverage Works, Inc.||Beverage dispensing apparatus having a valve actuator control system|
|US7620097||23 Dic 2008||17 Nov 2009||Qst Holdings, Llc||Communications module, device, and method for implementing a system acquisition function|
|US7653710||21 May 2003||26 Ene 2010||Qst Holdings, Llc.||Hardware task manager|
|US7660984||13 May 2003||9 Feb 2010||Quicksilver Technology||Method and system for achieving individualized protected space in an operating system|
|US7668229||4 Abr 2007||23 Feb 2010||Qst Holdings, Llc||Low I/O bandwidth method and system for implementing detection and identification of scrambling codes|
|US7689476||31 Ago 2004||30 Mar 2010||Beverage Works, Inc.||Washing machine operable with supply distribution, dispensing and use system method|
|US7708172||19 May 2006||4 May 2010||Igt||Drink supply container having an end member supporting gas inlet and outlet valves which extend perpendicular to the end member|
|US7752419||12 Dic 2001||6 Jul 2010||Qst Holdings, Llc||Method and system for managing hardware resources to implement system functions using an adaptive computing architecture|
|US7809050||13 Oct 2009||5 Oct 2010||Qst Holdings, Llc||Method and system for reconfigurable channel coding|
|US7822109||28 Mar 2003||26 Oct 2010||Qst Holdings, Llc.||Method and system for reconfigurable channel coding|
|US7865847||25 Ene 2008||4 Ene 2011||Qst Holdings, Inc.||Method and system for creating and programming an adaptive computing engine|
|US7904603||10 Sep 2009||8 Mar 2011||Qst Holdings, Llc||Adaptable datapath for a digital processing system|
|US7918368||22 May 2006||5 Abr 2011||Beverage Works, Inc.||Refrigerator having a valve engagement mechanism operable to engage multiple valves of one end of a liquid container|
|US7937591||25 Oct 2002||3 May 2011||Qst Holdings, Llc||Method and system for providing a device which can be adapted on an ongoing basis|
|US8103378||17 Jun 2010||24 Ene 2012||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser|
|US8108656||29 Ago 2002||31 Ene 2012||Qst Holdings, Llc||Task definition for specifying resource requirements|
|US8190290||28 Jul 2010||29 May 2012||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance with dispenser|
|US8200799||9 Feb 2009||12 Jun 2012||Qst Holdings Llc||Hardware task manager|
|US8225073||6 Mar 2009||17 Jul 2012||Qst Holdings Llc||Apparatus, system and method for configuration of adaptive integrated circuitry having heterogeneous computational elements|
|US8249135||20 Ago 2010||21 Ago 2012||Qst Holdings Llc||Method and system for reconfigurable channel coding|
|US8250339||21 Dic 2007||21 Ago 2012||Qst Holdings Llc||Apparatus, method, system and executable module for configuration and operation of adaptive integrated circuitry having fixed, application specific computational elements|
|US8276135||7 Nov 2002||25 Sep 2012||Qst Holdings Llc||Profiling of software and circuit designs utilizing data operation analyses|
|US8290615||23 Abr 2010||16 Oct 2012||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance with dispenser|
|US8290616||9 Ene 2012||16 Oct 2012||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser|
|US8356161||15 Oct 2008||15 Ene 2013||Qst Holdings Llc||Adaptive processor for performing an operation with simple and complex units each comprising configurably interconnected heterogeneous elements|
|US8380884||7 Mar 2011||19 Feb 2013||Altera Corporation||Adaptable datapath for a digital processing system|
|US8442096||8 Jul 2009||14 May 2013||Qst Holdings Llc||Low I/O bandwidth method and system for implementing detection and identification of scrambling codes|
|US8533431||15 Oct 2008||10 Sep 2013||Altera Corporation||Adaptive integrated circuitry with heterogeneous and reconfigurable matrices of diverse and adaptive computational units having fixed, application specific computational elements|
|US8543794||19 Ene 2012||24 Sep 2013||Altera Corporation||Adaptive integrated circuitry with heterogenous and reconfigurable matrices of diverse and adaptive computational units having fixed, application specific computational elements|
|US8543795||19 Ene 2012||24 Sep 2013||Altera Corporation||Adaptive integrated circuitry with heterogeneous and reconfigurable matrices of diverse and adaptive computational units having fixed, application specific computational elements|
|US8548624||28 Sep 2012||1 Oct 2013||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser|
|US8565917||28 Sep 2012||22 Oct 2013||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance with dispenser|
|US8589660||24 May 2010||19 Nov 2013||Altera Corporation||Method and system for managing hardware resources to implement system functions using an adaptive computing architecture|
|US8606395||7 Nov 2012||10 Dic 2013||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser|
|US8706916||15 Feb 2013||22 Abr 2014||Altera Corporation||Adaptable datapath for a digital processing system|
|US8767804||20 Ago 2012||1 Jul 2014||Qst Holdings Llc||Method and system for reconfigurable channel coding|
|US8880849||20 Ago 2012||4 Nov 2014||Altera Corporation||Apparatus, method, system and executable module for configuration and operation of adaptive integrated circuitry having fixed, application specific computational elements|
|US9002998||6 Ago 2013||7 Abr 2015||Altera Corporation||Apparatus and method for adaptive multimedia reception and transmission in communication environments|
|US9015352||31 Mar 2014||21 Abr 2015||Altera Corporation||Adaptable datapath for a digital processing system|
|US9037834||18 Nov 2013||19 May 2015||Altera Corporation||Method and system for managing hardware resources to implement system functions using an adaptive computing architecture|
|US9090446||8 Ago 2013||28 Jul 2015||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance with dispenser|
|US9090447||8 Ago 2013||28 Jul 2015||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser|
|US9090448||8 Ago 2013||28 Jul 2015||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser|
|US9090449||8 Ago 2013||28 Jul 2015||Beverage Works, Inc.||Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser|
|US9164952||24 Sep 2013||20 Oct 2015||Altera Corporation||Adaptive integrated circuitry with heterogeneous and reconfigurable matrices of diverse and adaptive computational units having fixed, application specific computational elements|
|US9330058||7 Ago 2014||3 May 2016||Altera Corporation||Apparatus, method, system and executable module for configuration and operation of adaptive integrated circuitry having fixed, application specific computational elements|
|US9396161||18 May 2015||19 Jul 2016||Altera Corporation|
|US9594723||13 Mar 2013||14 Mar 2017||Altera Corporation||Apparatus, system and method for configuration of adaptive integrated circuitry having fixed, application specific computational elements|
|US20040211210 *||24 May 2004||28 Oct 2004||Crisp Harry Lee||Refrigerator having a beverage dispenser and a display device|
|US20040215521 *||24 May 2004||28 Oct 2004||Crisp Harry Lee||Beverage dispensing system and apparatus|
|US20040217124 *||24 May 2004||4 Nov 2004||Crisp Harry Lee||System and method for distributing drink supply containers|
|US20040250564 *||28 Jun 2004||16 Dic 2004||Crisp Harry Lee||Refrigerator having a beverage requester|
|US20040261443 *||28 Jun 2004||30 Dic 2004||Crisp Harry Lee||Refrigerator having a gas supply apparatus for pressurizing drink supply canisters|
|US20050121467 *||25 Ene 2005||9 Jun 2005||Crisp Harry L.Iii||Refrigerator having a fluid director access door|
|US20050133531 *||25 Ene 2005||23 Jun 2005||Crisp Harry L.Iii||Refrigerator having a beverage dispensing apparatus with a drink supply canister holder|
|US20050133532 *||25 Ene 2005||23 Jun 2005||Crisp Harry L.Iii||Beverage dispensing apparatus having a valve actuator control system|
|US20050167446 *||31 Mar 2005||4 Ago 2005||Crisp Harry L.Iii||Refrigerator having a gas line which pressurizes a drink supply container for producing beverages|
|US20050173464 *||14 Ene 2005||11 Ago 2005||Crisp Harry L.Iii||Drink supply canister having a valve with a piercable sealing member|
|US20050177454 *||14 Ene 2005||11 Ago 2005||Crisp Harry L.Iii||Drink supply canister having a drink supply outlet valve with a rotatable member|
|US20050177481 *||14 Ene 2005||11 Ago 2005||Crisp Harry L.Iii||Water supplier for a beverage dispensing apparatus of a refrigerator|
|US20060196887 *||22 May 2006||7 Sep 2006||Beverage Works, Inc.||Refrigerator having a valve engagement mechanism operable to engage multiple valves of one end of a liquid container|
|US20060219739 *||19 May 2006||5 Oct 2006||Beverage Works, Inc.||Drink supply container having an end member supporting gas inlet and outlet valves which extend perpendicular to the end member|
|US20070029350 *||2 Ago 2006||8 Feb 2007||Lagace Chad E||Granular material dispenser|
|USRE42743||15 May 2008||27 Sep 2011||Qst Holdings, Llc||System for authorizing functionality in adaptable hardware devices|
|EP0343090A1 *||19 May 1989||23 Nov 1989||MALAURI Société Anonyme||Dispenser for flaked or granular food products|
|EP0434168A2 *||20 Dic 1990||26 Jun 1991||Girolamo Silvestro Di||Tank with connecting union|
|EP0434168A3 *||20 Dic 1990||2 Sep 1992||Girolamo Silvestro Di||Tank with connecting union|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||222/541.6|
|Clasificación internacional||B65D47/38, B65D47/00, B65D83/06|
|Clasificación cooperativa||B65D47/38, B65D47/00, B65D83/06|
|Clasificación europea||B65D47/00, B65D83/06, B65D47/38|