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Número de publicaciónUS428611 A
Tipo de publicaciónConcesión
Fecha de publicación27 May 1890
Fecha de presentación1 Jul 1889
Número de publicaciónUS 428611 A, US 428611A, US-A-428611, US428611 A, US428611A
InventoresGeorge H. I-iurd
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet
Respirator for firemen
US 428611 A
Resumen  disponible en
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Reclamaciones  disponible en
Descripción  (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)

(N0 M oo'lel.)


No. 428,611. Patented May 27, 1890.





SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 428,611, dated May 27, 1890.

Application filed July 1, 1889. Serial No. 316,155- (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, GEORGE H. HURD, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Cleveland, county of Cuyahoga, and State of Ohio, haveinventedcert-ain new and useful Improvements in Firemens Armor, of which the following is a specification, the principle of the invention being herein explained, and the best mode in which I have contemplated applying that principle, so as to distinguish it from other inventions.

The object of my invention is an improved apparatus to enable firemen to enter burning buildings and rooms filled with smoke and noxious gases and to work therein with impunity. It may also be used by divers to enter water and carry with them their own supply of air, which will enable them to work continuously for some time without the necessity of rising to the surface or of having attendants who will furnish them with a new supply of air.

Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective of the figure of a man protected with my improved armor. view of the double valve.

A is a metal cylinder filled with compressed air, which may be compressed into one twelvehundredth of its original bulk, if necessary. Strap 0' passes over the shoulder of the wearer and is secured at its respective extremities to the cylinder A. Tube B is secured to one end of said cylinder, from which the air may issue, the connection between said tube and cylinder being governed by valve 19', adapted to prevent entirely the emission of air from chamber A or to regulate the outflow of air therefrom. Expanding-tube E connects with said tube B and passes partially around the body of the operator, and connects at its other extremity with the bag or air expanding chamber E, that is secured in any suitable manner to the back of the operator. Tube 6 connects air-expanding chamber E with the helmet. Said chamber has no communication with the outer air. Said helmet is made preferably of rubber adapted to stretch to a greater or less degree and its free edges to tightly inclose the head and face of the wearer. It is furnished with eye-holes h, pro- Fig.2 is a detail" vided with isinglass coverings h. A compound valve J is secured in the lower front portion of said helmet, said valve being formed as follows: A primary seatj is formed at the outer extremity of the valve, a pin j extending downwardly from the outer shell of the valve into close proximity to said seat. Resting on said seat is the isinglass disk As the wearer exhales, the disk is forced outwardly and permits the exhalations to pass out, the pin preventing the whole of the disk from moving outwardly, but affording ample opportunity for the discharge of the exhalations. The lower portion of the valve is practically a duplicate of the outer portion and consists of a seat and pin it and a disk 10 It will be understood that I in no wise confine myself to a disk made of isinglass, for any other suitable substance may answer the purpose, whether opaque or transparent-for instance, aluminum would answer as well as isinglass. As the wearer inhales, the disks, being very light, are drawn tightly against the seats and prevent any ingress of the smoke or other fluids or gases by which the wearer may be surrounded, and the duplex or compound formation of the valve renders it practically impossible for any portion of outside gases to pass into the helmet. This formation of valve I regard as of very considerable importance in the use of my invention, for I have found by practice and experiment that the usual and common forms of valves as heretofore used are ineffieient and worthless after a few minutes use. Moistened sponges have been used; but the dense smoke usually found in burning buildings and the noisome and mephitic gases frequently met with in such places render the sponges soon useless, as they become guinmed and clogged and render danger of suffocation extremely imminent.

Another feature of my invention which renders it of practical use is the expanding air chamber or bag located intermediate of the cylinder and the helmet. The necessity of this intermediate expansion of the condensed air has not heretofore been thoroughly understood. The result has been that apparatus of this character have been extremely dangerous in use, for if the highly-condensed air contained within the cylinder is allowed to be breathedwithout proper intermediate expansion before it enters the lungs of the wearer of the helmet there is extreme, not to say certain, danger of suffocation; but by means of my apparatus I can regulate the amount of air issuing from the cylinder to a nicety and provide for its expansion in the sack to its original bulk, so that by the time it reaches the wearer of the helmet it is in condition to be breathed without danger or distress.

Another advantage of my form of apparatus is that the lower portion of the expanding-tube passes under the arm of the wearer, whereby he is enabled at all times, by merely dropping the arm, to be thoroughly conversant with the amount of air eontainedin said tube, and thus there can be no danger that the air-supply can become exhausted without his knowledge. This is of the highestimportance for two reasons: First, a fireman when working in a burning building becomes very forgetful of himself, and is very apt to be unmindful and negligent of the condition of his air-supply; second, if he merely depended on his sight for his knowledge of the amount of air contained in the bag he would frequently be at a loss, for, the rooms'being filled with smoke, his sight is obstructed,and the helmet also impedes considerably the acuteness of his sight.

As I make no claim to the manner of securing the eye-holes in the helmet, nor of the details of construction of connecting the cylinder with the tube and the sack with the helmet, I do not more particularly describe them, as any suitable and mechanical manner will be satisfactory.

It is to be understood that I in no wise confine the use of this apparatus to burning buildings, as it may be as well used for operations under water or in any place where gases or fluids are encountered that are harmful to the life of man.

The foregoing description and accompanying drawings set forth in detail mechanism in embodiment of my invention. Change may be made therein,provided the principles respectively recited in.the following claims are retained and employed.

I therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim as my invention 1. The combination of a condensed-air chamber provided with a valve adapted at will of the operator to regulate the emission of air from said chamber, a helmet, and an air-chamber located intermediately of said condensed-air chamber and said helmet, and wherein the air issuing from the former may expand to atmospheric pressure before passing to said helmet, said expanding air-chamber connected with said condensed-air chamber and helmet and having no connection with outer air, said helmet provided with an expiratory valve, substantially as set forth.

2. The combination of condensed-air chamber A, provided with hand-valve 1), adapted to prevent entirely the emission of air from chamberA or to regulate the outflow of air therefrom, helmet G, having its free edges formed of rubber adapted tightly to clasp the head of the wearer, said helmet provided with double expiratory valve .I, provided with primary and secondary disks, and seats and pins with which said disks respectively ongage, and an air-expanding chamber located intermediately of and connected with helmet G and chamber A and having no connection with the outer air, substantially as set forth.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing to be my invention I have hereunto set my hand this 27th day of June, A. D. 188.).

GEO. ll. lIURl).



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