|Número de publicación||US4754484 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Número de solicitud||US 06/898,951|
|Fecha de publicación||28 Jun 1988|
|Fecha de presentación||21 Ago 1986|
|Fecha de prioridad||21 Ago 1986|
|Número de publicación||06898951, 898951, US 4754484 A, US 4754484A, US-A-4754484, US4754484 A, US4754484A|
|Inventores||Wallace K. Larkin, Toni R. Stevens|
|Cesionario original||Acs Communications, Inc.|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (23), Citada por (38), Clasificaciones (12), Eventos legales (8)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates generally to telephone equipment, and relates more particularly to a lightweight telephone handset that is convertible into a headset.
2. Description of the Relevant Art
A conventional telephone has a handset that a user picks up from a cradle when using the telephone. Such a handset is acceptable for occasional use, but may be unacceptable if the use is more frequent or extensive. A conventional handset is somewhat bulky because it is designed to be grasped by the user's hand. Because of the bulk, such a handset is relatively heavy and uncomfortable to use for extended periods of time. A conventional handset is also difficult to use if the user needs both hands free, in which case the handset must be awkwardly cradled between the user's chin and shoulder.
Lightweight headsets have overcome the drawbacks of the conventional handset for frequent telephone users. A headset is more comfortable for extended use than a conventional handset due to the headset's light weight. The headset also frees the user's hands for tasks other than supporting the handset. Such a headset typically has an earphone that is positioned next to one of the user's ears and a microphone positioned somewhere near the user's mouth. A headband or ear clip is used to attach the headset to the user.
While headsets have solved many of the problems of the frequent user of telephones, they have created additional problems. Because a headset is somewhat of a bother to put on, it is best used in situations where the user is continuously, rather than occasionally, using the telephone. For the occasional user, a combination of a handset and a headset separately connected to a single telephone base unit has been viewed as an adequate compromise between the comfort of the headset during extended use and the convenience of the handset during occasional use. Such a combination telephone is, of course, more expensive than a telephone equipped with either a handset or a headset alone. Apart from the additional cost of the headset are costs associated with an electric switch that permits the user to switch between using the handset and using the headset.
In accordance with the illustrated preferred embodiment, the present invention provides a miniature telephone handset that is convertible into a headset, for use in conjunction with a telephone base unit. The telephone handset includes a housing, a microphone mounted near one end of the housing, an earphone mounted near the other end of the housing, a cable for electrically connecting the microphone and the earphone to the telephone base unit, a bushing coupled to the housing near the earphone end, and a headband adapted for insertion into the bushing and operable for supporting the housing next to a user's head when used as a headset.
Preferably, the bushing is rotatably coupled to the housing and the headband is slidably coupled to the bushing, thus allowing the headband and housing to be adjusted to position the headset properly for each user. The adjustability of the headband and bushing allows the headset to be worn on either the left side or the right side of the user's head. In one embodiment of the invention, the headband folds away and nests against the housing during use as a handset.
Various features of the present invention combine to provide a new and useful telephone handset. One feature is that the headset of the present invention is easily convertible between a handset configuration and a headset configuration, and can, thus, replace both the handset and add-on headset of conventional combination-type telephones. Another feature is that the conversion between use as a handset and use as a headset is entirely mechanical, rather than through an electrical switch, for improved reliability and reduced cost. Another feature is that the handset is lightweight because it is designed to be grasped by the user's fingers, rather than by the user's hand. Still another feature is the adjustability of the headband, which allows the headset to be comfortably used by anyone. A major advantage of the present invention is that, due to reduced complexity, telephones incorporating the present invention will be less costly and easier to use than telephones having separate handsets and headsets.
The features and advantages described in the specification are not all inclusive, and particularly, many additional features and advantages will be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art in view of the drawings, specification and claims hereof. Moreover, it should be noted that the language used in the specification has been principally selected for readability and instructional purposes, and may not have been selected to delineate or circumscribe the inventive subject matter. More specifically, the term "handset" is used herein to describe the present invention regardless of its particular configuration as an instrument grasped by the user's fingers (handset) or as an instrument attached to the user's head (headset). Accordingly, resort to the claims is necessary in order to determine such inventive subject matter.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a handset, according to the present invention, in use as a headset.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the handset in use as a handset.
FIG. 3 is a front elevation sectional view of the handset, as taken along section line 3--3 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the handset, as taken along section line 4--4 of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5 is a side elevation detail view of the handset.
FIG. 6 is a sectional detail view of the handset illustrating the installation of a bushing thereof, as taken along section line 6--6 of FIG. 5.
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the handset of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the handset of FIG. 7, as configured for use as a headset.
FIG. 9 is a sectional detail view of a pivot joint of the headband of the handset of FIG. 7, as taken along section line 9--9 of FIG. 8.
FIGS. 1 through 9 of the drawings depict various preferred embodiments of the present invention for purposes of illustration only. One skilled in the art will readily recognize from the following discussion that alternative embodiments of the structures and methods illustrated herein may be employed without departing from the principles of the invention described herein.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention is a telephone having a miniature, lightweight handset that is convertible into a headset. As shown configured as a headset in FIG. 1, the handset 10 includes a housing 12, a cable 14, a bushing 16, and a removable headband 18. The housing 12 contains a microphone positioned at one end 20 thereof and an earphone positioned at the other end 22 thereof. The cable 14 electrically connects the microphone and earphone to a telephone base unit 24. When the handset 10 is not in use, it rests in a cradle 26 of the telephone base unit 24 and activates a hook switch 27 thereof. The bushing 16, which is coupled to the housing 12 near the earphone end 22 thereof, provides means for coupling the removable headband 18 to the housing.
As shown in FIG. 2, the handset 10 without the headband 18 may be grasped by the fingers of the user for use as a handset. The housing 12 near the second end 22 thereof is configured with contours 28 along the top and bottom surfaces to assist the user in grasping the handset 10.
The bushing 16 allows the headband 18 to be adjusted to fit the user. As shown in FIG. 3, when the headband 18 is installed for configuring the handset 10 as a headset, the headband can be adjusted to fit the user by sliding end 30 of the headband relative to the bushing 16. As described below, the bushing 16 is rotatably coupled to the housing 12, so that the headband 18 can be rotated with respect to the housing to further adjust the headset to fit the user.
The housing 12 is preferably a two-piece assembly of molded plastic. As shown in FIGS. 4, 5, and 6, the microphone 32 is placed at end 20 of the housing 12 adjacent to a hole 34 that acoustically connects the microphone to the outside of the housing. A wire 36 electrically connects the microphone 32, via cable 14, to the telephone base unit 24. The earphone 38 is placed at end 22 of the housing 12, and is electrically connected to the telephone base unit 24 by a wire 40, which also forms part of the cable 14. A foam cushion 42 is attached to the outside of the earphone 38 for user comfort. A cable boot 44, preferably composed of molded rubber, extends from end 22 of the housing 12 for protecting the cable 14 against breakage.
Opposite the earphone 38 at end 22 of the housing 12 is located the bushing 16. As best seen in FIG. 6, the bushing 16 includes a cylindrical barrel 46 that is positioned within a hole 48 in the housing 12, a cap 50 having a diameter greater than the hole 48 and positioned outside the housing, and a lip 52 also having a diameter greater than the hole 48, but positioned inside the housing. The bushing 16 also has a cavity 54 extending therethrough and disposed between the barrel 46 and the cap 50 for receiving the headband 18. Both entrances 56 to the cavity 54 are tapered to facilitate the insertion of the headband 18 in either direction into the bushing 16. The bushing 16 is preferably a molded plastic piece.
An O-ring 58 is positioned on the barrel 46 of the bushing 16 between the lip 52 thereof and the housing 12. The bushing 16 is designed so that the insertion of the headband 18 into the cavity 54 moves the bushing 16 outwardly by a small distance to compress the O-ring 58. The compressed O-ring 58 impedes the rotation of the bushing 16 and the headband 18 with respect to the housing 12 by increasing the torque needed to rotate the bushing. The bushing 16 can be rotated to position the headband 18 properly for the user, but once rotated, the O-ring 58 tends to lock the bushing in place to prevent the bushing from rotating from the desired position. The bushing 16 thus provides a rotatable coupling for attachment of the headband 18 to the housing 12, while the O-ring 58 provides a small locking force opposing both the rotation of the bushing and headband relative to the housing and the translation of the headband relative to the bushing and housing. The compressibility of the O-ring 58 accommodates normal production tolerances in the fabrication of the housing 12 and the bushing 16.
In order to relocate the headset to a position on the other side of the user's head, either the bushing 16 and headband 18 can be rotated by about one half of a revolution, or the headband can be removed and inserted into the cavity 54 from the other side of the bushing.
An alternative embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 7, 8, and 9. A handset 70 includes a housing 72 containing a microphone and earphone that is coupled to a telephone base unit 74 via a cable 76. When the handset 70 is on-hook, two depressions 77 in the earphone end engage two tabs 78 on the base unit 74, while the microphone end activates a hook switch 80 of the base unit. The handset 70 is shown in FIG. 7 in a handset configuration, with a headband 82 folded and nested against the outer contour of the handset. The headband 82 is coupled to the housing 72 by a bushing 84, in the same manner as headband 18 is coupled to the housing 12 by the bushing 16, described above.
In this alternative embodiment of the present invention, the headband 82 includes a pivot 86 located near the crown thereof, which allows the headband to be folded over into a generally quarter-circular shape. The pivot 86 joins two halves 88 and 90 of the headband, and consists of a rivet 92 that engages holes in the two halves of the headband and a spring washer 94 that is disposed between the two halves of the headband, as shown in FIG. 9.
When the handset 70 is configured for use as a headset, the headband 82 is positioned as shown in FIG. 8, with the headband rotated out and away from the housing 72 and with the two halves 88 and 90 of the headband opened up to form a semicircular shape. When the handset 70 is configured for use as a handset, the headband 82 is positioned as shown in FIG. 7, with the two halves 88 and 90 folded together and with the folded headband positioned in a groove 96 (FIG. 8) in the outer contour of the housing. Thus, when configured as a handset, the headband 82 is flush mounted with the outer contour of the housing 72. In this alternative embodiment, the headband 82 need not be detached from the housing 72 when the handset 70 is configured as a handset.
From the above description, it will be apparent that the invention disclosed herein provides a novel and advantageous miniature telephone handset that is convertible into a headset. The foregoing discussion discloses and describes merely exemplary methods and embodiments of the present invention. As will be understood by those familiar with the art, the invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. Accordingly, the disclosure of the present invention is intended to be illustrative, but not limiting, of the scope of the invention, which is set forth in the following claims.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US431810 *||16 Abr 1890||8 Jul 1890||Aural attachment for telephone-receivers|
|US493245 *||14 Mar 1893||Ear attachment for telephones|
|US1557686 *||2 May 1924||20 Oct 1925||Otto Hagerup||Combination receiver and transmitter telephone set|
|US2025398 *||19 Dic 1933||24 Dic 1935||Western Electric Co||Telephone set|
|US2263066 *||29 Mar 1940||18 Nov 1941||Associated Electric Lab Inc||Telephone unit|
|US2360027 *||21 Oct 1940||10 Oct 1944||Ericsson Telefon Ab L M||Head telephone set|
|US2481387 *||7 Abr 1947||6 Sep 1949||Bonecutter Archie O||Telephone holder|
|US2503846 *||27 Dic 1946||11 Abr 1950||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Telephone set|
|US2686231 *||17 Ene 1952||10 Ago 1954||Stevens Sallie K||Earphone set pad|
|US2854523 *||7 Mar 1957||30 Sep 1958||Lewis Harriet H||Telephone handset support|
|US3225147 *||26 Sep 1961||21 Dic 1965||Joseph Dollinger||Telephone handset support|
|US3654404 *||1 Abr 1970||4 Abr 1972||Pacific Plantronics Inc||Headset cradle|
|US3908200 *||13 May 1974||30 Sep 1975||Gullfiber Ab||Ear protecting device|
|US4092502 *||3 Nov 1976||30 May 1978||Jones Ronald B||Telephone attachment for plug-in headset capability|
|US4209264 *||17 Abr 1979||24 Jun 1980||Hellberg Protection Ab||Sliding block support|
|US4420657 *||29 Oct 1981||13 Dic 1983||Acs Communications, Inc.||Adjustable headset|
|US4445005 *||30 Abr 1981||24 Abr 1984||Hosiden Electronics Co., Ltd.||Headphone|
|US4455457 *||1 Jun 1982||19 Jun 1984||Tokumi Denshi Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Adjuster means for headset|
|US4558178 *||4 Ene 1984||10 Dic 1985||Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Wireless telephone apparatus including both a telephone handset and a telephone headset|
|US4591661 *||15 Ago 1984||27 May 1986||Joseph A. Benedetto||Portable cordless telephone transceiver-radio receiver|
|US4634816 *||20 Mar 1985||6 Ene 1987||Northern Telecom Limited||Communications headset|
|DE2060888A1 *||10 Dic 1970||15 Jun 1972||Standard Elektrik Lorenz Ag||Telefon-Handapparat|
|GB984552A *||Título no disponible|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US4854584 *||1 Ago 1988||8 Ago 1989||Soucy Etienne R||Golf reminder device|
|US4932052 *||13 Dic 1989||5 Jun 1990||Jack Lo||Self-adjusting headset-handset combination|
|US5003589 *||1 Jun 1989||26 Mar 1991||Chen Ping Huang||Headphone-convertible telephone handset|
|US5058155 *||1 Dic 1989||15 Oct 1991||Gn Netcom A/S||Multipurpose headset amplifier|
|US5099514 *||9 Nov 1989||24 Mar 1992||Acree Delores F||Multi-purpose telephone accessory unit|
|US5101504 *||13 Jun 1989||31 Mar 1992||Lenz Vernon C||Shoulder activated headset|
|US5177784 *||15 Nov 1990||5 Ene 1993||Robert Hu||Head-set telephone device and method|
|US5210791 *||13 Dic 1990||11 May 1993||Michael Krasik||Telephone headset on-line indicator|
|US5487182 *||12 Nov 1993||23 Ene 1996||Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson||Hands-free module|
|US5544243 *||10 Ago 1994||6 Ago 1996||Vxi Corporation||Telephone headset interface circuit|
|US5613222 *||6 Jun 1994||18 Mar 1997||The Creative Solutions Company||Cellular telephone headset for hand-free communication|
|US5623544 *||17 May 1993||22 Abr 1997||Vxi Corporation||Telephone headset interface circuit|
|US5850439 *||20 Feb 1996||15 Dic 1998||Cotron Corporation||Hands-free phone converter|
|US6041243 *||15 May 1998||21 Mar 2000||Northrop Grumman Corporation||Personal communications unit|
|US6101253 *||19 May 1998||8 Ago 2000||Y.T.C. Telecom. Co., Ltd.||Ultra-slim telephone set|
|US6128384 *||22 Dic 1997||3 Oct 2000||Vxi Corporation||Self configuring telephone headset amplifier|
|US6141426 *||15 May 1998||31 Oct 2000||Northrop Grumman Corporation||Voice operated switch for use in high noise environments|
|US6169730||15 May 1998||2 Ene 2001||Northrop Grumman Corporation||Wireless communications protocol|
|US6223062||15 May 1998||24 Abr 2001||Northrop Grumann Corporation||Communications interface adapter|
|US6243573||15 May 1998||5 Jun 2001||Northrop Grumman Corporation||Personal communications system|
|US6252970 *||10 Sep 1999||26 Jun 2001||Antonio Precise Products Manufactory Limited||Headphone|
|US6304559||11 May 2000||16 Oct 2001||Northrop Grumman Corporation||Wireless communications protocol|
|US6480723||28 Ago 2000||12 Nov 2002||Northrop Grumman Corporation||Communications interface adapter|
|US6622029||11 Ago 2000||16 Sep 2003||Plantronics, Inc.||One-hand adjustable headband headset|
|US6799219||31 Ago 2000||28 Sep 2004||Fujitsu Limited||Method and apparatus for avoiding starvation in computer network|
|US7162016||17 May 2002||9 Ene 2007||Hello Direct, Inc.||Multimedia adapter for headset amplifier|
|US8059852 *||20 Feb 2009||15 Nov 2011||Chi Mei Communication Systems, Inc.||Electronic device with earphone|
|US8774446||29 Abr 2013||8 Jul 2014||Hybrid Skillz Inc.||Retractable storage system for handheld electronic device|
|US8879773||18 Feb 2014||4 Nov 2014||Hybrid Skillz Inc.||Retractable storage system for handheld electronic device|
|US9065921||1 Oct 2014||23 Jun 2015||Hybrid Skillz Inc.||Retractable storage system for handheld electronic device|
|US20020111197 *||4 Ene 2002||15 Ago 2002||Fitzgerald Robert M.||Cordless telephone headset system|
|US20060262949 *||19 Abr 2006||23 Nov 2006||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Cable-connectable stereo headset|
|USD419160||14 May 1998||18 Ene 2000||Northrop Grumman Corporation||Personal communications unit docking station|
|USD421002||15 May 1998||22 Feb 2000||Northrop Grumman Corporation||Personal communications unit handset|
|EP1052829A2 *||9 May 2000||15 Nov 2000||Gn Netcom A/S||Headband for reversible mounting of headsets|
|WO1989009524A1 *||29 Mar 1989||5 Oct 1989||Peter John Marks||Improvements relating to telephone handsets|
|WO1998006233A1 *||8 Ago 1997||12 Feb 1998||Hari Matsuda||Interchangeable receiver/microphone communication device|
|WO2000072555A1 *||19 May 2000||30 Nov 2000||Advanced Mobile Solutions Inc||Telephone headset without off-hook handset requirement|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||379/430, 381/378, D14/142, 379/420.01, D14/223, D14/252, 381/375, 379/419, 381/384|
|21 Ago 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ACS COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:LARKIN, WALLACE K.;STEVENS, TONI R.;REEL/FRAME:004598/0795;SIGNING DATES FROM 19860815 TO 19860819
Owner name: ACS COMMUNICATIONS, INC.,STATELESS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:LARKIN, WALLACE K.;STEVENS, TONI R.;SIGNING DATES FROM 19860815 TO 19860819;REEL/FRAME:004598/0795
|20 Sep 1991||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|6 Feb 1996||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|30 Jun 1996||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|10 Sep 1996||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19960703
|9 Abr 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SILICON VALLEY BANK, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ACS WIRELESS INC.;REEL/FRAME:008430/0866
Effective date: 19970310
|29 Ene 2001||AS||Assignment|
|11 May 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ACS WIRELESS, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: RELEASE;ASSIGNOR:SILICON VALLEY BANK;REEL/FRAME:016547/0159
Effective date: 20050429