US 590871 A
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0. ABRELL & E. BURJES.
Patented Sept. 28,1897.
NITE STATES ATENT FFICE.
CHARLES ABRELL AND EDIVARD BURJES, OF ALTON, ILLINOIS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 590,871, dated September 28, 1897. Application filed February 1, 1397- Serial No. 621,482. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that We, CHARLES ABRELL and EDWARD BURJES, citizensLof the United States, residing at Alton, in the county of Madison and State of Illinois, have invented vide improved means for supplying brushes for washing or'scrubbin g with water, and, second, to make the water set the brushes to which it is supplied in motion, and cause such brushes to wash or scrub any surface with which they may be brought in contact. attain these objects by mechanism whose pre ferred form is illustrated in the accompany ing drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a sectional elevation of the pre-T Fig. 2 is a view ferred form of the device. taken at right angles to the one shown in Fig. 1 with the brush removed and the handle broken away. Fig. '3 is an end view with the brush removed. Fig. 4 is a detailed sectional elevation of a portion of the device; and Fig. 5 is an enlarged detailed View on line5 5, Fig. 1, looking inward.
Similar letters refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
A represents atubular inlet for water. Its inner end a is closed and its outer end a is open, and it is shown screw-threaded at a It is provided with a pair of oppositely-directed nozzles a and an annular flange or shoulder a and from its closed end a rod a projects. Over the outer end of the inlet A the inner end of a tubular handle a is screwed, and to this handle a cook a is attached, to which a hose a is shown secured.
B represents a casing, which in the form shown is composed of an inner part B and an outer part B The part B has an end I), which encircles the inlet A, and a collar Z2, which is shown secured to said inlet between said annular flange a and the handle a by means of a set-screw 19 From the outer edge of the end piece I) an annular flange 19 projects and is shown provided with an L-shaped slot 19 for the reception of a pin 19 which projects from the part 13 shown cylindrical at its inner end I which The part- 13 is fits within the flange 13 and is secured thereto by means of said pin b. The outerend b of this part of the casing is preferably in the shape of a truncated cone with the small end outermost and open. On its inner side it is preferably provided with a series of two or more inwardly-projecting radial vanes b adapted to cause water which has passed the wheel, hereinafter described, to change its course from a spiral to a rectilinear one. A bearing b containing a central opening Z7 is secured within the mouth I) of the casing by means of bars 19 0 represents a water -wheel having inwardly-projecting buckets 0, against which said nozzles a direct jets of water. Its inner end is attached bymeans' of spokes c to a ring 0 encircling said tubular inlet A just inside of the shoulder or flange a which forms a bearing for it. Its outer end is attached to a brush-holder D by means of spokes 0 The brush-holder D has acylindrical body portion 61, which passes through the opening 11 in the bearing 12 an annular flange or shoulder cl, whichrests upon said bearing, a central opening d in its inner end into which the outer end of said rod of projects and assists in keeping the inner end of the wheel 0 in position, and a socket d in its outer end for the reception of the inner end of a brushhandle. Its side is shown pierced by a screwhole d for aset-screwfd adapted to keep said brush-handle from escaping from said socket.
The brush E shown is of ordinary form and is'provided with a' handle 0, having an end 6, adapted to enter the socket d in said brush-holder.
In the form shown said device operates as follows: By turning the cook a water is admitted to the interior of the casing 13, and being discharged through the nozzles a against the buckets c of the water-wheel 0 causes said wheel to revolve rapidly in the direction indicated in Fig. 5 by an arrow. The brush E being rigidly attached to the wheel revolves with it, and the water discharged through the nozzles a after passing through said wheel is caused by the shape of the casing and the radial stationary vanes b to flow out upon the brush, which is thus supplied with the water our device, but we do not desire our claims to be limited to that form, as the forms of the various parts may be widely departed from withoutdeparting from the essence of our improvement. There are, for instance, many difierent forms of water-wheels which are well known and any one of which might be substituted for the wheel shown by any person skilled in the art after reading this specification, without the exercise of anything more than ordinary mechanical skill, and we therefore do not desire to be understood as confining ourselves to the form of wheel shown or to a device in which the water is discharged against the buckets of the wheel in the-manner above described, except where such a device is specified in our claims.
Ve claim 1. The combination of the casing B composed of the part B, having the slot 1), and the part B having the pin 1) for securing said parts together; a water-wheel within the casing; a tubular water-inlet leading into the casing through its inner end, and having a shoulder a"; a hearing I)", having a circular opening b means for attaching said bearing to the casing; a holder D rotating within said opening b means for attaching said holder to the water-wheel; a ring encircling said water-inlet, and resting against said shoulder a; and means for attaching said ring to said wheel substantially as described.
2. The combination of a casing, a waterwheel 0 having inwardly-projecting buckets c; a wateninlet; a ring encircling said inlet, spokes connecting the wheel 0 to said ring; a brush-holder D; spokes a connecting the wheel 0 to said holder; the hearing I) for said holder, having the opening b and a brush having one end in said holder substantially as described.
CHARLES ABRELL. EDVARD BURJES. Witnesses:
BENJAMIN F. REX, CHARLES D. GREENE, Jr.