Vapor or gas stove
US 600833 A
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i. KINSEY & J. KIRBY, Jr. VAPOR ORIGAS STOVE.
No. 600,833. Patented Mar. 15,1898.
Warren Srarns ISAAC KINSEY AND JOHN KIRBY, JR, OF DAYTON, OHIO.
VAPOR OR GAS STOVE.
QPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 600,833, dated March 15, 18 98.v Application filed October 13, 1896. Serial No. 608,712. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that we, ISAAC KINSEY and JOHN KIRBY, J12, citizens of the United States, residing at Dayton, in the county of Montgomery and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Vapor or Gas Stoves, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
Our invention relates to an improvement in vapor or gas stoves, its object being the production of improved means for utilizing heat from the burners in warming and keeping warm articles of food, dishes, &c., this object being attained without in any manner interfering with or curtailing the usefulness of the stove for other purposes.
The invention will first be described with reference to the accompanying drawings and then pointed out in the claims.
Figure 1 of the drawings is a perspective view illustrating the application of our invention to a vapor-stove, parts being broken out for clearer illustration. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view of the oven and reservoir, illustrating their positions relative to each other. Fig, 3 is a transverse vertical section of the same.
Referring to the drawings, A represents an ordinary vapor-stove comprising standards 1,
top 2, having openings 3, grates 4, fitted in said openings, burners B, centrally located in the openings 3 slightly beneath the plane of the grates, supply-tank 5, suitable pipe connections 6 between the tank and burners, valves 7 for controlling the supply of vapor to the burners, and a drip-pan 8 beneath the burners, all of ordinary construction and forming no part of our invention.
To the stove, preferably to the rear standards thereof, we secure brackets 9, the supporting-arms of which are preferably on a level, or approximately so, with the top of the stove. On these brackets is loosely placed a closed reservoir 0, the bottom of which extends beyond the vertical walls thereof, as at 10, the edges of this extended portion being slightly turned upward, as shown. The bottom of the reservoir partially rests upon the top of the stove, but a sufficient distance in rear of the burners not to interfere with their utility in cooking or the like.
forms a bottom for the oven.
Intermediate the burners B and the reservoir O is What we term a water heating and circulating system, comprising a hollow ring 11, surrounding each burner, a pipe 12, connecting the rings, an inlet-pipe 13, leading from the bottom of the reservoir to one of the rings 11, and an outlet-pipe 14, leading from the other ring 11 into the reservoir through its bottom, the pipes 12, 13, and 14 being positioned beneath and close-to the top of the stove, where they will be protected against accidents and are out of the way of a person using the burners.
D represents an oven having a plurality of perforated shelves d, the lower one of which The vertical walls of the oven project below the bottom thereof and rest upon the extended portion 10 of the reservoir, the upturned edges of this extended portion preventing accidental displacement of the oven. The oven is of such size and length as to leave air-spaces 15 between its bottom, sides, and ends and the top, sides, and ends of the reservoir, for a purpose hereinafter pointed out.
As the oven completely envelops the reservoir, some means should be provided for filling the latter without removing the oven, and for this purpose we provide an inlet-conduit 16, having a hinged lid 17 and extending from the bottom of the reservoir downward a short distance, then curving upward outside the wall of the oven, as shown. By this means the reservoir may be filled without disturbing the oven, and the height of the wa ter in the reservoir may be readily ascertained at any time by looking into the conduit, as the water-level there will be the same as in the reservoir.
For emptyingthe reservoir or for withdrawing any desired quantity of hot water therefrom we provide a pipe 18 in communication with the reservoir through its bottom and leading out beneath the top of the stove, its outer end beingprovided with an ordinary faucet 19, as clearly shown in Fig. 1.
Assuming the parts to be assembled as above described, the reservoir is filled with water,which also fills the water heating and circulating system, and the burners are lighted. The water in the reservoir soon becomes heated, causing the reservoir to radiate heat,which, owing to the hereinbefore-described construction and arrangement of the reservoir and oven, is caused to warm articles placed on the shelves (1 in the oven. The air-spaces 15 maintain a slight circulation of air between the oven, and reservoir, materially assisting in the distribution of the radiated heat and thus increasing its effect.
Having thus described our invention,what We claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. .The combination,with a vapor-stove, of a reservoir supported by the stove, the bottom of the reservoir extending beyond the vertical walls thereof, water-heating means connecting the stove and reservoir, and a bottomless oven resting on the reservoir and provided interiorly with a plurality of perforated shelves, the vertical walls of the oven projecting below the lower shelf and resting on the extended bottom of the reservoir.
2. The combination,with a vapor-stove, of a reservoir supported by the stove, the bottom of the reservoir extending beyond the vertical walls thereof, Water-heating means connecting the stove and reservoir, a bottomless oven resting on the reservoir and providedinteriorly with a plurality of perforated shelves, the vertical walls of the oven projecting below the lower shelf and resting on the extended bottom of the reservoir, and means for filling the reservoir Without disturbin g the oven.
ISAAC KINSEY. JOHN KIRBY, JR. Witnesses:
ED. L. SPENCER, H. D. HENDRICK.