|Número de publicación||US7077461 B2|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Número de solicitud||US 10/480,754|
|Número de PCT||PCT/FR2002/002294|
|Fecha de publicación||18 Jul 2006|
|Fecha de presentación||2 Jul 2002|
|Fecha de prioridad||2 Jul 2001|
|También publicado como||CN1531489A, DE60204736D1, DE60204736T2, EP1273480A1, EP1273480B1, US20040239148, WO2003004314A1|
|Número de publicación||10480754, 480754, PCT/2002/2294, PCT/FR/2/002294, PCT/FR/2/02294, PCT/FR/2002/002294, PCT/FR/2002/02294, PCT/FR2/002294, PCT/FR2/02294, PCT/FR2002/002294, PCT/FR2002/02294, PCT/FR2002002294, PCT/FR200202294, PCT/FR2002294, PCT/FR202294, US 7077461 B2, US 7077461B2, US-B2-7077461, US7077461 B2, US7077461B2|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (11), Citada por (30), Clasificaciones (21), Eventos legales (5)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
The invention relates to a sound insulation device for mounting in a tubular part, in particular a motor vehicle bodywork part.
Motor vehicle bodywork, in particular in the body proper, includes tubular parts such as pillars beside openings, side members, . . . , which constitute significant paths for propagating and delivering noise of various kinds into the vehicle cabin, thereby degrading passenger comfort.
Providing sound insulation for such tubular parts thus poses a problem, given that these parts are also of various shapes with varying sections, and may themselves be built up by assembling together a plurality of parts.
In order to limit the propagation of such noise, vehicle manufacturers have for a long time been closing off the inside sections of tubular parts by locally injecting a composition that can be caused to expand chemically so as to create a foam which comes into contact with the inside wall of such a part and form at least one sound partition. Foam is injected through a hole pierced in the part after the vehicle body has been painted. That solution generally gives satisfaction when the part, or the portion within the part, where the partition is to be installed is generally in the form of a tube having a right section that is substantially circular and of diameter that is not too great. However, that solution presents the drawback of a hole being pierced after the part has been painted, which constitutes an additional operation and which can run the risk of corrosion if the part is made of metal, and it requires the use of special equipment for injecting the foam.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,642,914 discloses a sound insulation device comprising a thermally expandable material that is generally in the form of a flat ring fitted to the periphery of a partitioning insert. The ring is obtained by extrusion or by molding, thereby giving it in advance the shape of the outline of the partitioning insert.
Document WO 01/83206 discloses a sound insulation device in which the thermally expandable material is molded on the periphery of a partitioning insert or is in the form of a strip which is bonded to the periphery of said insert by adhesive or by means of staples.
An object of the invention is to devise a novel solution to the problem of providing tubular parts with sound insulation, which solution is suitable for being applied simply, and regardless of the shape of the section of the part that needs to be insulated acoustically.
To this end, the invention provides a sound insulation device for a tubular part, in particular a motor vehicle bodywork part, the device comprising a partitioning insert, a cord of a composition that is thermally expandable so as to form a foam, said cord being fitted to the periphery of the insert, retaining means for holding the cord on the insert prior to expansion of the cord, and means for encouraging the cord to expand towards the inside wall of the tubular part, wherein the cord is formed by being extruded in rectilinear manner without any particular shaping, and wherein the cord retaining means are integrally molded with the partitioning insert and also serve to shape the extruded cord around the periphery of the partitioning insert.
Advantageously, the expandable cord is made of a vulcanizable synthetic rubber mastic of the butyl, halogenated butyl, or nitrile type, of poylchloroprene, or of ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM), for example. It being understood that it is also possible to cause the expansion or swelling ratio of the cord to vary on a case by case basis as a function of the space to be filled between the partitioning insert and the inside wall of the tubular part.
In an embodiment, the retaining means are constituted by hooks of gutter shape which are disposed around at least a fraction of the periphery of the partitioning insert so as to enable said insert to be unmolded without any problem of undercut.
Advantageously, the retaining hooks are disposed on opposite sides of the axis of the cord without being placed facing one another.
In general, the means for encouraging the cord to expand towards the inside wall of the tubular part are constituted by a peripheral wall which surrounds the partitioning insert, and the means for retaining the cord prior to expansion are situated outside the peripheral wall of the insert.
In an embodiment, the insert presents overall a right section of H-shape, with a central portion and the above-mentioned peripheral wall extending on either side of the central portion to form means that encourage the cord to expand towards the inside wall of the tubular part.
In another embodiment, the partitioning insert is constituted by two plates fixed one on the other and spaced apart from each other by a spacer-forming side wall that defines a peripheral groove suitable for receiving an expandable cord, and leaks are provided through the side wall to prevent the plates deforming while the cord is expanding.
A sound insulation device of the invention provides the particular advantage of avoiding the need to shape the thermally expandable cord to match the shape of the outline of any specific partitioning insert prior to fitting the cord thereto, and of enabling the cord to be shaped and held without having recourse to additional means, thereby facilitating the operations of mounting such a cord and being easily adaptable to partitioning inserts of arbitrary shape.
The invention also provides a tubular part, in particular a motor vehicle bodywork part, which tubular part includes a sound insulation device presenting all or some of the above-specified characteristics, with the cord being expanded thermally while the part is being painted.
Other advantages, characteristics, and details of the invention appear from the additional description below given with reference to the accompanying drawings themselves given purely by way of example, and in which:
In the prior art mentioned in the introduction and as shown in
An embodiment of the sound insulation device 10 of the invention is shown in
The partitioning insert 12 as shown is generally rectangular in overall shape, it being understood that its shape depends on the shape of the inside section presented by the tubular part T in the zone where the insert 12 is to be mounted.
The partitioning insert 12 presents a right section of H-shape with a central portion 12 a bordered all around its periphery by a peripheral wall 12 b which extends on either side of the central portion 12 a. This wall 12 b forms a barrier to prevent the cord 14 expanding towards the inside of the insert 12, thereby encouraging it to expand towards the inside wall of the tubular part T. The means 16 for holding the cord 14 are thus situated outside the peripheral wall 12 b.
The insert 12 also presents outside dimensions which are smaller than the dimensions of the inside section of the tubular part T, firstly to enable the cord 14 to be fitted thereto, and secondly to leave a peripheral gap (
The retaining means 16 for the cord 14 serve to hold the cord 14 during operations of handling and mounting the insert, it being understood that the cord is caused to expand thermally only subsequently during the operation of painting the vehicle body, where a temperature of about 150° C. to 200° C. suffices to cause it to expand. The cord 14 is advantageously made by extrusion in the form of a substantially rectilinear rod without any special shaping, and the retaining means 16 also serve to shape the cord 14 around the periphery of the partitioning insert 12.
Furthermore, the retaining means 16 must not oppose expansion of the cord 14, i.e. the foam that results from said expansion must come into contact with the inside wall of the tubular part T all around the periphery of the insert 12 like a sealing gasket.
In order to satisfy these conditions, the retaining means 16 are of a suitable shape which, in combination with the peripheral wall 12 b of the insert 12, encourages the cord 14 to expand towards the inside wall of the tubular part T. In general, the retaining means 16 are situated on the outside of the wall 12 b. In the example shown in the drawings, the retaining means 16 comprise at least hooks 18 a and 18 b in the form of gutters that are open towards the inside wall of the tubular part T so as to encourage the cord 14 to expand in that direction. Along one of the sides of the plate formed by the insert 12, the hooks 18 a and 18 b are disposed respectively on opposite sides of the cord 14 in alternating manner so that two hooks 18 a and 18 b do not face each other (
In addition, the retaining means 16 are not restricted to hooks 18 a and 18 b of the type shown in the drawings, i.e. a single insert 12 may have different retaining means, it being understood that a gutter shape is preferred. For example, the retaining means 16 on at least one side of the plate formed by the insert 12 may be constituted by a gutter which extends over substantially the entire length of said side.
In a preferred embodiment, the partitioning insert 12 is made of a thermoplastic material such as a polyamide, for example, and the retaining means 16 are integrally molded with the insert 12. In other words, the hooks 18 a and 18 b are disposed in such a manner as to enable the insert 12 to be unmolded without any undercut problems.
The partitioning insert 12 must be of a shape that matches the shape of the tubular part in which it is to be mounted, which means that a variety of shapes are required, i.e. its shape is not restricted to a plate that is square or rectangular.
The cord 14 is advantageously made of a vulcanizable synthetic rubber of butyl, halogenated butyl, or nitrile type, of polychloroprene or of EPDM, for example, i.e. a material other than a thermoplastic. In right section, the cord 14 may be of arbitrary shape, and will usually be square or circular.
In general, the expansion or swelling ratio of the cord 14 can be caused to vary as a function of the amount of space to be filled between the insert 12 and the inside wall of the tubular part T. This space may vary from one part to another with assembly tolerances that are critical to a greater or lesser extent.
In order to cause the expansion or swelling ratio of the cord 14 to vary, it suffices to add a swelling agent thereto in a quantity which is a function of the desired expansion ratio. For example, it is possible to select a large expansion ratio of the order of 1000% to 1400% for a cord 14 having a diameter of about 5 millimeters (mm) to 7 mm when the space to be filled between the insert 12 and the inside wall of the tubular part T is relatively large. In contrast, an expansion ratio of about 100% to 500% may suffice for a cord having a diameter of less than 4 mm when the space to be filled is small.
The partitioning insert 12 can be fastened to the inside of the tubular part T in various ways. When the insert 12 is made of thermoplastic material, it can be fastened by means of at least one resilient tab 20 forming a clip which is engaged in a hole 22 pierced in the tubular part T. As shown in
In a variant shown in
In another variant shown in
It is also possible to envisage using a metal partitioning insert with two techniques for implementing the retaining means. In the first technique, the retaining means are formed directly on the periphery of the insert, thus requiring stamping and cutting operations to be performed. In the second technique, the retaining means are made of a plastics material and are fitted to the periphery of the insert by adhesive, heat-sealing, clamping, snap-fastening, or the like.
In general, when the tubular part T is made by assembling together a plurality of parts, the partitioning insert 12 can be fixed to at least one of the parts prior to the part being assembled to one another. However, when the tubular part T is a single piece, then the partitioning insert 12 is mounted towards one of the ends thereof.
In another embodiment shown in
Leaks 40 are advantageously provided through the side wall 33 so as to ensure that swelling of the cord 14 does not lead to the plates 31 and 32 being deformed.
These leaks 40 may be implemented in the form of holes 42 made through the side wall 33, or by a gap in said side wall. The leaks 40 are preferably situated in rectilinear zones of the insert 12, i.e. in zones that are not critical.
Means for retaining the cord 14 by hooks of the kind described for the first embodiment are particularly well adapted to shaping and holding a cord that is relatively thick, i.e. that is quite stiff, for a space to be filled that is relatively large. In contrast, when the space to be filled is smaller, it is possible to use a cord of smaller thickness and thus of greater flexibility. In which case, the retaining means can be of a simpler design. By way of example, and as shown in
Above it is assumed that the means for retaining the cord of mastic are suitable for holding it to the periphery of the partitioning insert without it being necessary to provide any fastening means. Nevertheless, it is also possible, optionally, to provide means for fastening the filler cord on the partitioning insert, e.g. by means of adhesive.
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|Clasificación de EE.UU.||296/187.02, 296/187.05, 296/205, 428/99, 428/304.4, 277/645|
|Clasificación internacional||B62D25/04, B62D29/00, B60R13/08, G10K11/16, B62D25/20, B29C44/18, B60R99/00|
|Clasificación cooperativa||Y10T428/249953, Y10T428/24008, B29C44/18, B60R13/0815, B62D29/002|
|Clasificación europea||B62D29/00A1, B60R13/08B, B29C44/18|
|19 Abr 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HUTCHINSON, FRANCE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:RATET, FLORENCE;REEL/FRAME:015706/0124
Effective date: 20031212
|27 Dic 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HUTCHINSON, FRANCE
Free format text: CORRECTIVE ASSIGNMENT TO CORRECT THE SERIAL NO. FROM 10/480,610 TO 10/480,754 PREVIOUSLY RECORDED ON REEL 015706 FRAME 0124;ASSIGNOR:RATET, FLORENCE;REEL/FRAME:018677/0521
Effective date: 20031212
|14 Ene 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|9 Ene 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|9 Dic 2015||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SEALANTS EUROPE SAS, FRANCE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HUTCHINSON S.A.;REEL/FRAME:037253/0066
Effective date: 20150706