US 712442 A
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Patented om. 23, |902.
S H 0 E. (Appuwnpn filed may 27, 190,2.)-
UNITED STATES f PATENT FFICE.
ALBERT 4 T. E. SMITH, OF VVOONSOCKE'I, RHODE ISLAND.
SPECIFICATION forming part of' Letterslatent No. 712,442, dated October 28, `1902.
Application led May 27, 1902. Serial No. 109,216. Y (No model.)
the provision of a shoe in which the upper' and sole are strongly and durably connected in such manner that there is no seam to be covered, and consequently no necessity of employing an inner sole.
With the foregoing in mind the invention will be fully understood from the following description and claims when taken in conjunction with the annexed drawings, in'
which- Figure l is a sectional perspective View of a portion of a shoe, the upper and sole of which are connected in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2, a perspective view of a portion of the upper; Fig. 3, a sectional perspective view illustrative of the manner in which the upper and sole are connected, and Fig. L a detail view of one of the fastenings through the medium of which the upper and sole are secured together.
Similarletters of reference designate corresponding parts in all of the `several views of the drawings, referring to which- A is the sole of my improved shoe, which is preferably a single thickness of leather or othersuitable material, although it might be composed of a plurality of superposed layers y of material without departing from the scope of my invention. t
Bis the shoe-upper, which may be coinposed of a single thickness of leather or other material, or of said thickness and a lining, as desired, and C C are fastenings the purpose of which is to secure theupper to the sole.
The sole, which in practice may be eX- tended rearwardly to form the heel-seat or upper heel-lift ofthe shoe, is peculiar in that it is provided in its upper side adjacent to its edge with a groove a, preferably undercut, as shown, and also, in that it is provided at suitable intervals with apertures b, which extend from the base of the groove to the sole edge, and apertures c, which are also arranged at intervals and are preferably, a1- though not essentially, perpendicular. Awls are preferably employed 'to form the apertures b c, and in the preferred embodiment of the invention the apertures b are formed with a iiattened aWl,` so that they will be of a greater widththan height, while the apertures c are formed with an awl of circular form in cross-section. t
As best shown in' Fig. 2 of the drawings, the upper B is provided at its edge with integral tongues d. These tongues are preferably tapered to a point, as shown, and they are designed, precedent to the securing of the upper to the sole, to be inserted in and drawn through the soleapertu`res b until the edge of the main portion of the upper-z'. e., the edge 'of that portion from which the tongues project-is snugly seated in the groove a, as shown in Fig. 3.
The aperturesvo, before referred to, may be formed in the sole either before or after the tongues of the upper are placed in the apertures b, although I prefer to form them subsequent to the said placing of the tonguesthis in order that the tongues may when the apertures c aref formed be provided with apertures c', coincident with said apertures c. The apertures c c in the sole and uppertongues, respectively, are designed to receive the fastenings C. These fastenings may be and preferably are separate strips of leather or other suitable material, as shown in Fig. 3, this in order to preclude squeaking of the shoe in use. I do not desire, however, to be understood as confining myself to the use of the separate Astrips as fastenings, as when desired the fastenings may form part of a continuous strip or waxed thread without departing from the scope of my invention.
In making a shoe in accordance with my invention the sole is provided with the groove a and the upper with the tonguesd. An aperture b is then formed in the sole, andone of the upper-tongues is inserted in said aperture and firmly drawn to place, after which coincident apertures c C.' are formed in the sole and tongue and a fastening Cplaced therein. This operation is repeated until all of the tongues of the upper are fastened to the sole, when the upper and sole will be IOO durably connected in such manner that there is no seam inside the shoe to be covered, and hence no necessity of employing an inner sole. Subsequent to the connection of the upper and sole in the manner described the tongues d and separate strip-fastenings C are trimmed flush with the edge and sides, respectively, of the sole, Fig. l, when the shoe will be ready for use. When the several fastenings are formed by a continuous strip or thread, as described in the foregoing. the tongues d alone are trimmed 'fiush with the sole.
The term shoe as herein employed is intended to comprehend a boot as Well as a shoe.
Having described my invention, What I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s
l. In a shoe, the combination of a sole having a groove in its upper side adjacent to its edge, apertures extending from the groove to its edge, and apertures intersecting the firstmentioned apertures, an upper having tongues on its edge, disposed in the first-inentioned apertures of the sole and provided with apertures coincident with the secondmentioned apertures thereof, and fastenings disposed in the said coincident apertures of the sole and upper-tongues.
2. In a shoe, the combination of a sole having a groove in its upper side adjacent to its edge, and also having apertures extending from the groove to its edge, and aperturesintersecting said 1first-mentioned apertures, an
`upper having tongues disposed in the firstmentioned apertures of the sole and provided with apertures coincident with the secondmentioned aperturesV thereof, and separate fastenin gs disposed in the said coincident apertures of the soles and upper-tongues; the tongues of the upper and the fastenings being trimmed iush with the edge and sides, respectively of the sole.v
3. The shoe described comprising a sole having the undercut groove in its upper side adjacent to its edge, apertures extending from the base of the undercut groove to its edge, and apertures intersecting the iirstmentioned apertures, an .upper having its edge disposed in the undercut groove, and tongues on said edge disposed in the rstmentioned apertures of the sole, and provided with apertures coincident with the secondmentioned apertures thereof, and fastenings disposed in the said coincident apertures of the sole and upper-tongues. l
4. In a shoe, an upper having tongues on its edge; in combination with a ,sole having a groove in its upper side receiving the edge of the upper, and also having apertures extending laterally from said groove and receiving the tongues on the upper, and apertures intersecting the lateral apertures, and fastenings disposed in said intersecting apertures and the tongues and securing the upper and sole together.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing Witnesses. Y
ALBERT T. E. SMITH. Witnesses:
GEO. W. SPAULDING, EDGAR L. SPAULDING.