|Número de publicación||US7326665 B2|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Número de solicitud||US 10/653,057|
|Fecha de publicación||5 Feb 2008|
|Fecha de presentación||3 Sep 2003|
|Fecha de prioridad||4 Sep 2002|
|También publicado como||US20040043886|
|Número de publicación||10653057, 653057, US 7326665 B2, US 7326665B2, US-B2-7326665, US7326665 B2, US7326665B2|
|Inventores||Shuichi Akada, Masato Ooe|
|Cesionario original||Asahi Glass Company, Limited|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (14), Citada por (3), Clasificaciones (10), Eventos legales (7)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a light blue flat glass having a high visible light transmittance.
2. Discussion of Background
At lobby openings, etc. of hotels, museums, art galleries, office buildings, etc., a glass screen having a large area with a width of from 2 to 3 m and a height of at least 3 m is used in many cases for such reasons as to see outside scenery, to emphasize visual continuity to outside, to present an open atmosphere, etc.
In a suspension system for such a glass screen having a large area, glass stands (hereinafter referred to as glass ribs) are used. The glass ribs are disposed vertically to the glass screen, and thus, an end face of the glass rib is exposed inside of the room (or inside of the building) or outside of the room (or outside of the building).
Heretofore, for such a glass screen having a large area, a flat glass has been used which tends to have green color or a yellowish green color as the thickness increases, and the end face of the glass rib also used to exhibit such a color.
For the purpose of solving such a problem of coloration of the end face of a flat glass, a soda-lime-silica glass having CoO incorporated in an amount of from 0.1 to 1 ppm, has been proposed (JP-A-2000-143283).
If it is attempted to industrially produce a soda-lime-silica glass plate containing from 0.1 to 1 ppm of CoO in a large quantity, the following problem is likely to result. Namely, industrial production of a soda-lime-silica glass plate is usually carried out in a scale of a few hundreds tons/day, but it is not easy to uniformly mix and disperse a very small amount of a CoO material in the glass material so that the content will be at most 1 ppm.
Accordingly, in the industrial production, fluctuation of the CoO content in the glass tends to be substantial, whereby the above-mentioned problem of coloration may not sufficiently be solved.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a light blue flat glass which is capable of solving such a problem.
The present invention provides a light blue flat glass which is soda-lime-silica glass and which contains Nd in such an amount that the content based on Nd2O3 represented by mass percentage, is from 0.001 to 0.1%, and no Co or Co in such an amount that the content based on CoO as represented by mass percentage, is less than 0.1 ppm.
The light blue flat glass of the present invention (hereinafter referred to as the flat glass of the present invention) is produced, for example, by preparing and mixing raw materials, charging the mixture into a glass melting furnace at a high temperature, melting it, forming the obtained molten glass into a plate by a well known float process, followed by cooling.
The thickness of the flat glass of the present invention is typically at least 5 mm. In a case where it is used for e.g. a glass rib, the typical thickness is from 12 to 19 mm. Further, in a case where it is produced by a float process, the thickness is, for example, at most 25 mm.
The dominant wavelength λd of the flat glass of the present invention as calculated in a thickness of 12 mm, is preferably at most 510 nm. If it exceeds 510 nm, the glass tends to be green, or the yellowish tint tends to be intensified. Further, λd is typically at least 485 nm. Here, λd is measured by using standard light source C.
The visible light transmittance Tv of the flat glass of the present invention as calculated in a thickness of 12 mm, is preferably at least 55%. If it is less than 55%, the visibility, for example, in a case where the thickness is at least 12 mm, is likely to deteriorate. More preferably, it is at least 80%. Here, Tv is measured by using standard light source C.
The excitation purity Pe of the flat glass of the present invention as calculated in a thickness of 12 mm, is preferably at most 8%. If it exceeds 8%, the color density of the glass may look too much. It is more preferably at most 5%. Further, Pe is typically at least 0.1%. Here, Pe is measured by using standard light source C.
The flat glass of the present invention preferably has λd of at most 510 nm, Tv of at least 55% and Pe of at most 8%, as calculated in a thickness of 12 mm.
As an embodiment wherein Tv is large, one having λd of from 485 to 497 nm, Tv of at least 80% and Pe of at most 5% may be mentioned (Embodiment A).
As an embodiment wherein Tv is larger, one having λd of from 490 to 510 nm, Tv of at least 85% and Pe of at most 0.6% may be mentioned (Embodiment B).
Now, the composition of the flat glass of the present invention will be described as represented by mass percentage or mass ppm. Further, for example, the content based on Nd2O3 may be referred to as the Nd2O3 content or simply as Nd2O3, and “containing Nd2O3” may be used for the meaning of “containing Nd”, and Nd2O3 may be used for the meaning of Nd.
Nd2O3 is a component to give the light blue color and is essential. If it is less than 0.001%, the light blue color can not be obtained. Preferably, it is at least 0.003%. If it exceeds 0.1%, the color tends to be too deep. Preferably, it is at most 0.08%.
No Co should be contained, or if Co is contained, the CoO content should be less than 0.1 ppm. Here, “less than 0.1 ppm” is meant for a content to such an extent as contained as an impurity in the raw material. If it is contained in an amount of 0.1 ppm or more, the color is likely to be too deep.
In the above Embodiment A or the like, it is preferred that Fe is contained in such an amount that the Fe2O3 content is more than 0.02% and at most 0.1%, and the Nd2O3 content is from 0.01 to 0.08%.
In the above Embodiment B or the like, it is preferred that no Fe is contained, or even if Fe is contained, the Fe2O3 content is at most 0.02%, and the Nd2O3 content is from 0.001 to 0.02%.
In a case where Fe is contained, the Fe2O3 content is preferably at most 0.4%. If it exceeds 0.4%, Tv tends to be too small. More preferably, it is at most 0.3%, particularly preferably at most 0.15%.
Further, Fe2+/(Fe2++Fe3+) is typically at most 0.4, more typically at most 0.28.
The flat glass of the present invention is soda-lime-silica glass, which typically comprises from 65 to 75% of SiO2, from 0 to 5% of Al2O3, from 10 to 16% of Na2O, from 0 to 5% of K2O, from 5 to 15% of CaO, from 0 to 7% of MgO and from 0 to 3% of SO3. Here, for example, “contains from 0 to 5% of Al2O3” means that no Al2O3 is contained or if Al2O3 is contained, its content is at most 5%.
The flat glass of the present invention essentially comprises the above-mentioned components, but other components may be contained within a range not to impair the purpose of the present invention. Here, the total content of such other components is preferably at most 10%, more preferably at most 5%.
Now, such other components will be described.
SrO, BaO, ZnO, ZrO2 or the like may be contained within a range of, for example, at most 1% each, for the purpose of adjusting the mechanical properties or thermal properties of the glass or as an impurity.
Sb2O3, F, Cl or the like may be contained within a range of, for example, at most 0.5% each as a refining agent or as an impurity.
SnO2 may be contained within a range of, for example, at most 0.5% for the purpose of adjusting the reduction degree of glass or as an impurity.
With respect to the coloring components, it is preferred that no component other than the above-mentioned two types of Nd2O3 and Fe2O3, is contained. However, for example, with respect to the above Embodiments A and B, the upper limits of the contents allowable as impurities, are as follows. Those not bracketed are examples of the upper limits in the Embodiment A, and those in the brackets are examples of the upper limits in the Embodiment B.
TiO2:0.2% (0.1%), V2O5:0.02% (0.001%), Cr2O3:0.005% (0.001%), MnO2:0.01% (0.001%), NiO:0.005% (0.001%), CuO:0.01% (0.001%), Se:0.0003% (0.0001%), Er2O3:0.01% (0.001%), and rare earth metal oxides other than two types of Nd2O3 and Er2O3:0.1% (0.1%).
Now, the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to Examples and Comparative Examples. However, it should be understood that the present invention is by no means restricted by such specific Examples.
Raw materials were prepared, mixed and melted to obtain a glass having the composition shown by mass percentage in lines for from SiO2 to TiO2 in each Table, followed by forming into a plate shape to obtain a flat glass. In each of Examples 1 to 5, melting was carried out in a platinum crucible, and the molten glass was cast on a carbon plate, followed by annealing to obtain a flat glass. In each of Examples 6 and 9 to 11, melting was carried out in a glass melting furnace, followed by forming by a float process and by cooling, to obtain a flat glass. Further, with respect to the glass of the composition in Example 7 or 8, no flat glass was prepared, but the after-mentioned optical characteristics were obtained by calculation.
Further, R in each Table represents Fe2+/(Fe2++Fe3+)
Examples 1 to 8 are Working Examples of the present invention, and Examples 9 to 11 are Comparative Examples.
With respect to flat glasses of Examples 1 to 11, the optical characteristics were obtained. The results are shown in the Tables.
Tv (unit: %) represents the above-mentioned visual light transmittance; x and y represent the chromaticity coordinates in the XYZ color system; λd (unit: nm) represents the above-mentioned dominant wavelength; and Pe (unit: %) represents the above-mentioned excitation purity, as calculated in a thickness of 12 mm.
According to the present invention, the desired light blue flat glass can be obtained without controlling the content of a coloring component within an extremely small range of from 0.1 to 1 ppm. Namely, the Nd2O3 content is within a range of from 0.001 to 0.1% (from 10 to 1,000 ppm), which is a range sufficiently controllable in an industrial production, whereby industrial production of the desired light blue flat glass can easily be carried out.
The entire disclosure of Japanese Patent Application No. 2002-258889 filed on Sep. 4, 2002 including specification, claims and summary are incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
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|Clasificación de EE.UU.||501/64, 501/70, 501/71|
|Clasificación internacional||C03C4/02, C03C3/087, C03C3/095|
|Clasificación cooperativa||C03C4/02, C03C3/095|
|Clasificación europea||C03C3/095, C03C4/02|
|3 Sep 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ASAHI GLASS COMPANY, LIMITED, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:AKADA, SHUICHI;OOE, MASATO;REEL/FRAME:014456/0950;SIGNING DATES FROM 20030805 TO 20030818
|12 Sep 2011||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|12 Dic 2011||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|12 Dic 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|18 Sep 2015||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|5 Feb 2016||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|29 Mar 2016||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20160205