|Número de publicación||US7855637 B2|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Número de solicitud||US 11/514,752|
|Fecha de publicación||21 Dic 2010|
|Fecha de presentación||31 Ago 2006|
|Fecha de prioridad||23 May 2002|
|También publicado como||DE60329674D1, EP1506523A2, EP1506523B1, US7224273, US20040041709, US20070103295, WO2003101022A2, WO2003101022A3|
|Número de publicación||11514752, 514752, US 7855637 B2, US 7855637B2, US-B2-7855637, US7855637 B2, US7855637B2|
|Inventores||Ian J. Forster|
|Cesionario original||Forster Ian J|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (97), Citada por (8), Clasificaciones (27), Eventos legales (3)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
This application claims priority and the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/382,883 filed May 23, 2002, which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.
The present invention relates generally to a device and method for identifying a container and, more particularly, to a radio frequency wireless communication device and a method for placing such a device inside a container.
It is often necessary to monitor the location and movement of materials within a distribution center or manufacturing facility. One method of tracking the materials is to attach a wireless communication device, such as a radio frequency identification (RFID) transponder or other wireless communication device, to containers that are housing the materials. By way of example, a liquid container, such as a barrel or keg, may include a wireless communication device indicative of the liquid contained inside. A transmission device, such as an interrogation reader or transmitter, having an antenna device, is able to send information wirelessly through electronic signals. Such transmission device is placed throughout the distribution or manufacturing facility to receive signals transmitted from wireless communication devices. The signals are then passed to a central control system that monitors and records the applicable information. The central control system can also send information to its interrogation readers to send to the transponders for response and/or to be stored in the transponder's memory.
The information communicated by the containers in the system to the interrogation readers may be used for a number of reasons. For example, a statistical analysis may be made of the materials to maintain accurate inventories, production flow rates, and other production standards. Additionally, the wireless communication devices may include specific information about the materials housed within the containers, including, but not limited to, date of manufacture, place of manufacture, type of product within the container, “born on” date, temperature of the container and ambient air, temperature of the contents of the container, and pressure of the container.
The wireless communication device includes an antenna arrangement to communicate information about the containers to the interrogation readers. It is generally known for wireless communication devices to include an antenna. It is often a problem for many wireless communication devices to provide an effective antenna arrangement, especially if the wireless communication device is small or is required to be placed in a contained area. The length of the antenna must be tailored to the specific frequency at which the wireless communication device is designed to operate. For low frequencies in the MHz range or lower, an antenna may have to be several inches long to several feet long. The antenna may have to be several inches long for higher frequencies, to allow successful communication at the desired operating frequency.
Additionally, the antenna must either be packaged inside the wireless communication packaging that houses the wireless communication device, or located external to the wireless communication device. External positioning of the antenna to the wireless communication device provides several other challenges when placing the wireless communication device in a confined area, such as in a container. The antenna may have additional problems radiating energy effectively if the antenna is contained internal to a device, such as a container.
Another problem occurs when a wireless communication device cannot be easily mounted to a container. One example of such a container is a beer keg. A beer keg has a substantially cylindrical shape with smooth, uniform outer walls. There are no extensions or areas for effectively attaching a wireless communication device on the outside of the container. Additionally, containers may be heavy and cumbersome to handle. During the filling and distribution process, containers may bang against other containers, storage racks, conveyor equipment, etc. A wireless communication device attached to an exterior portion of the container may easily be damaged or destroyed during this process.
A container, such as a beer keg, may include a valve assembly for dispensing the contents. In many containers, the valve assembly includes a neck extending from an upper container surface. A ball is positioned within the neck and is movable between an open orientation that permits the contents to exit the container and a closed orientation that prevents the exit of the contents. A gasket may be positioned around the ball to prevent the leaking of the liquid contents from the container when the ball is in the closed orientation. A tap is mounted on the neck and ball to bias the ball in the open position and add air pressure to force the contents from the container.
To address the problems described above, it is advantageous to use the valve assembly of a container to mount a wireless communication device.
The present invention includes a wireless communication device mounted within a valve assembly of a container. Placement of the wireless communication device within the valve assembly protects the wireless communication device from damage during handling of the container. Such placement also removes the wireless communication device from view of consumers, preventing removal of the device or other damage by consumers. Additionally, placement of the wireless communication device within the valve assembly may allow for sensors to be placed within the wireless communication device, or in communication with the wireless communication device, to obtain readings about the container contents and the container interior.
The wireless communication device provides wireless communication for identifying the container and/or its contents. The wireless communication device can communicate, and preferably also receive, transmissions to and from an outside source. The device may further include a control system and memory for storing data related to the container and/or its contents. In one embodiment, the wireless communication device is an integrated circuit with a pole antenna. In another embodiment, the wireless communication device uses a part of the valve assembly to form a slot antenna.
The container, according to the present invention, can be a variety of designs. One container embodiment includes an outer wall, top wall, and bottom wall forming an enclosed interior chamber for containing materials or other contents, and having an opening for dispensing the contents. In one embodiment, the container is a keg, for housing liquid, such as beer. The valve assembly is positioned over the opening to control the content flow. The wireless communication device is mounted within the valve assembly, such that the wireless communication device is protected from damage. The wireless communication device is also adapted to obtain measurements from the container interior.
The valve assembly may include a ball positioned over the opening of the container. The wireless communication device and its antenna may be mounted inside the ball. In one embodiment, the ball is constructed of a conductive material, such as stainless steel, which is commonly used in many valve assemblies. A conductive ball may be used, provided its material does not interfere with communication from and/or to the wireless communication device. If the conductive material obstructs communication, the ball may alternatively be constructed of a non-conductive material. In this embodiment, the ball is constructed out of a consumption-safe, non-conductive material if the container contains consumable materials.
The wireless communication device may also communicate the temperature of the container and/or its contents wirelessly. In an embodiment, the wireless communication device is associated with a temperature sensor that senses the temperature of the container and/or its contents. The wireless communication device is placed in thermal contact with the contents of the container. One manner of placing the wireless communication device in thermal contact with the contents of the container is to place the wireless communication device inside the ball of the valve assembly, if the ball is in thermal contact with the contents of the container.
In another temperature sensing embodiment, the wireless communication device may include a discharge capacitor. The discharge rate of the discharge capacitor during a given time can be used to determine the temperature of the container and/or its contents.
In another temperature sensing embodiment, an interrogation reader determines the temperature of the container and/or its contents by determining the temperature of the wireless communication device. The temperature of the wireless communication device correlates to the temperature associated with the container and/or its contents. A frequency at which the wireless communication device has maximum energy absorption is ascertained. This maximum energy absorption frequency can be correlated to the average temperature of the wireless communication device over a given journey.
Additionally, the invention may determine the level of the contents of the container. If the contents are liquid, a liquid level sensor may be placed in the fill tube to measure the variations in the liquid level. The level of the contents is communicated to the wireless communication device that in turn communicates such information wirelessly. One method of determining liquid level involves determining the resonance frequency of the container, and correlating the resonance frequency to liquid level in the container.
The invention also includes a method of monitoring a container and/or its contents. While the container is within a facility, such as during manufacturing, filling, or storing, the container is moved through at least one interrogation point containing an interrogation reader. Communication between the wireless communication device and the interrogation reader is established for monitoring the location and/or content information about the container. A central control system may be in communication with the interrogation point for monitoring the movement of the container. The central control system may monitor the position of the container, or it may also monitor specific information that is stored within memory in the wireless communication device.
The present invention is directed to a device and method for identifying a container. The invention includes a wireless communication device 10 that is mounted in a valve assembly 20, within a container 30, for identifying the container 30. The valve assembly 20 is positioned within the container 30, and includes a ball 26, gasket 24, and biasing member 29. The wireless communication device 10 includes a transponder 19 for identifying and storing information regarding the container 30 and/or its contents 28. The contents 28 may be any type of solid, liquid, and/or gaseous material. An interrogation system monitors the individual containers 30 that are stored and/or moved throughout a facility, such as a manufacturing or distribution facility.
A neck 39 extends from the top wall 33 around the opening 36. As illustrated in
The valve assembly 20 is disposed within the opening 36, as best illustrated in
A biasing member 29 is positioned adjacent the ball 26 for forcing the ball 26 against the gasket 24. The biasing member 29 has a helical orientation providing a supporting surface for containing the ball 26 as illustrated in
The transponder 19 is usually made out of some type of plastic packaging, epoxy, or other material having within it a control system 102, wireless communication electronics 104, and memory 108. An antenna 106 provides communication to and from the transponder 19. The antenna 106 may be either external to or incorporated internally within the transponder 19 packaging. The terms “transponder” 19 and “wireless communication device” 19 are used interchangeably herein, and the present invention is not limited to use of a transponder. The present invention is applicable to ail types of wireless communication devices 19, including transponders 19.
The control system 102 is an integrated circuit, or other type of microprocessor or micro-controller electronics, that controls the substantive operations of the transponder 19. The control system 102 is connected to the wireless communication electronics 104 to communicate and receive transmissions. The control system 102 is also connected to memory 108 for storing and retrieving information, such as identification information, or other information, concerning the container and/or its contents. Control system 102 may further include a clock to determine elapsed time for various applications discussed herein.
Sensors 105 may also be included within the transponder 19 for determining physical or environmental characteristics within the container 30, such as the pressure, liquid level, and temperature. Positioning of the ball 26 within the container chamber 34 allows for the sensors to accurately determine characteristics related to the container 30 and/or its contents 28. Alternatively, the sensors 105 may be external to the ball 26, such as within the fill tube 22, or mounted on one of the walls. In this alternative embodiment, the transponder 19 receives signals from the sensors 105.
Some wireless communications devices 19, such as that described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,585,953, entitled “IR/RF radio transceiver and method,” incorporated herein by reference in its entirety, have both transmit and receive capability and can be used in the present invention. Other wireless communication devices 19, such as a transponder 19, have receive capability and use the energy received to communicate back, such as that described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,078,259 entitled “Radio frequency identification tag,” incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
When the transponder antenna 106 is in the presence of the field 128 emitted by the interrogation reader antenna 124, the wireless communication electronics 104 are energized thereby energizing the transponder 19. The transponder 19 remains energized so long as its antenna 106 is in the field 128 of the interrogation reader 120. The wireless communication electronics 104 demodulates the signal 126 and sends the message containing information and/or specific instructions to the control system 102 for appropriate actions. For example, the request in the message may be for the transponder 19 to communicate information about the contents 28 housed within the container 30, including date of manufacture, place of manufacture, and type of product 28 within the container 30. The message may also be instructions to communicate information regarding the temperature of the container 30 and/or its contents 28, their pressure levels, etc. The transponder 19 communicates information to the interrogation reader 120 by altering the contents of the signal 126.
Alternative forms exist for communicating with a transponder 19, or other wireless communication device 19. For instance, the transponder 19 may have a transmitter that can send information to the interrogation reader 120 without having to use the signal 126 as the means for communication. The transponder 19 may have its own power source, such as a battery or an energy storage unit that is charged by energy when the transponder 19 is in the field 128 of the signal 126. It is understood to one of ordinary skill in the art there are many other manners in which to communicate with a wireless communication device 10 such as a transponder 19, and that the present invention is not limited to the particular manner described above. The wireless communication device 19 in the present invention can be any type of device that allows reception of wireless, electronic communications and is able to communicate in response thereto.
Transponder in Ball
In one embodiment, the ball 26 is constructed of a conductive material, such as metal or stainless steel. A stainless steel ball 26 is common in containers 30, because it will not contaminate food products stored in the container 30. A ball 26 constructed of a conductive material may be used if the antenna signal 126 is not obstructed, such that communication can be achieved between the interrogation reader 120 and the transponder 19. The conductive ball 26 forms at least a portion of the antenna 124 as the ball 26 functions to radiate the antenna's 106 energy for communication. Alternatively, the ball 26 may be constructed of a non-conductive material if the antenna signal 126 is obstructed during communication between the interrogation reader 120 and the transponder 19. In one embodiment, the ball 26 is constructed of a consumption safe plastic, such as polypropylene.
The ball 26 is preferably hollow and contains the transponder 19 within. The transponder 19 is secured within the ball 26 to prevent its movement against the ball's 26 inner edges, that could cause damage. Alternatively, the ball 26 is solid with the transponder 19 mounted within the middle. Preferably, the transponder 19 is centered within the ball 26 to minimize distortions in the transmitted and received signals 126. Because the ball 26 may rotate and change orientation relative to the container 30 during use, the transponder 19 and antenna 106 inside the ball 26 may also change orientation in the same manner. Therefore, the present invention may include an antenna 106 radiation pattern that is relatively independent of the ball's 26 orientation.
Temperature sensing of the container 30, its contents 28, and/or the transponder 19 may be accomplished when the transponder 19 is located in the valve assembly 20, the ball 26, or the gasket 24 as described in the following techniques below.
Temperature Technique 1
Temperature sensing may be accomplished by placing a temperature sensor 105 a in the valve assembly 20 and/or within the ball 26 or gasket 24. The temperature sensor 105 a may be contained within the transponder 19, or external to the transponder 19. The temperature sensor 105 a may be any variety of temperature sensing elements, such as a thermistor or chemical device. One such temperature sensor 105 a is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,959,524, entitled “Temperature sensor,” incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. The temperature sensor 105 a may also be incorporated into the transponder 19 or control system 102, like that described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,961,215, entitled “Temperature sensor integral with microprocessor and methods of using same,” incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. However, the present invention is not limited to any particular type of temperature sensor 105 a for this temperature technique.
The temperature sensor 105 a is coupled to the control system 102. In this manner, the control system 102 can communicate the temperature to the wireless communication electronics 104, to in turn communicate the temperature of the container 30 and/or its contents 28 to an interrogation reader 120 when desired.
In an exemplary embodiment, the ball 26 is in thermal contact with the container contents 28. Placement of the sensor 105 within the ball provides for an accurate temperature measurement. Thermal contact is obtained either directly by placing the ball 26 in direct contact with the contents 28, or indirectly by placing the ball 26 in thermal contact with the biasing member 29 and/or fill tube 22 that is in direct contact with the contents 28. As the container 30 moves through a facility during storage or processing, the temperature may be obtained through a combination of direct and indirect readings.
The temperature of the container 30 and/or its contents 28, as determined by the temperature sensor 105 a, may be read by the transponder 19 when directed to do so by the interrogation reader 120. The transponder 19 may also be programmed to ascertain temperature through use of the temperature sensor 105 a at times when the transponder 19 is not in the field 128 of the interrogation reader 120, such as during transit. The transponder 19 may also store the temperature readings in memory 108, to be communicated to the interrogation reader 120 at a later point in time.
Temperature Technique 2
When the transponder 19 is in the presence of the interrogation reader field 128, the discharge capacitor 107 is charged. The transponder 19 determines the amount of charge applied to the discharge capacitor 107, and stores such in memory 108. As the container 30 moves away from the interrogation reader field 128, the transponder 19 internally keeps track of the elapsed time between the charging of the discharge capacitor 107 and the present time, using a clock. This transponder 19 may operate when outside of the field 128, by providing its own power source, such as a battery or capacitor that is charged when the transponder 19 is in the field 128 of the interrogation reader 120. Use of a capacitor as a power source for a transponder 19 is described in provisional application No. 60/378,384 entitled “RFID temperature device and method,” filed on May 7, 2002, assigned to the same assignee of the present invention, and incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. The discharge rate of the discharge capacitor 107 can be related to temperature in a linear manner. When the transponder 19 is interrogated by the interrogation reader 120 at a second point in time, the charge left on the discharge capacitor 107 is used to determine an average temperature during the journey.
An example of this technique is described below. For instance, the discharge rate of the discharge capacitor 107 at different temperatures may be as follows:
0.2 micro Amperes
0.4 micro Amperes
Using the integrated discharge rates for the discharge capacitor 107, as shown above, the discharge capacitor 107 is 0.1 Farads and is charged to 1 Volt at time zero during the transponder's 19 first point of interrogation at an interrogation reader 120. Fifty hours later, the transponder is interrogated again by a second interrogation reader 120. At this time, the remaining charge on the discharge capacitor 107 is 0.064 Coloumbs.
Charge in Coloumbs (Q) is equal to the capacitance (C) in Farads times volts (V) as shown below:
Current (I) equals charge (Q) divided by time (t). Assuming a linear current to time ratio, current (I) is equal to the capacitance (C) times collective the initial voltage applied to the capacitor at time zero (Vzero) minus the measure voltage of the capacitor at a time in point later (Vt) divided by time (t) in seconds as shown below:
In the particular example above, capacitance C is 0.1 Farads. The initial voltage is 1 Volt. The voltage fifty hours later (Vt) is 0.64 Volts. Time (t) is fifty hours, which is 180,000 seconds. Applying the formula above, current (I) is measured at 0.2 micro Amperes which relates to a 10-degree temperature, based on the temperature characteristic of the discharge capacitor 107 used for this particular example. If the same discharge occurred over a period of twenty-five hours, the current (I) would be equal to 0.4 micro Amperes that relates to a 20-degree temperature based on the temperature characteristic of the discharge capacitor 107 used for this particular example.
Other techniques for the transponder 19 to correlate discharge in a discharge capacitor 107 to temperature in a non-linear fashion are also applicable. A characteristic curve and formula may be provided to correlate the discharge of the discharge capacitor 107 into temperature of the transponder 19 for given characteristics of the transponder 19, its operation and the reservoir capacitor 103. Either the discharge or the values of the charge of the discharge capacitor 107, at first and second points, are compared to the characteristic curve to yield a temperature. Alternatively, a look-up table may be provided in the transponder 19 memory 108 that correlates total discharge of the discharge capacitor 107, or an amount of charge in the discharge capacitor 107 at first and second point in time, to a particular temperature.
With the aforementioned technique for temperature determination, the temperature sensing method is performed without devices external to the transponder 19, and is therefore particularly useful for an embodiment where the transponder 19 is mounted inside the ball 26.
Temperature Technique 3
Another technique for sensing the temperature is referred to herein as the “energy absorption technique.” A temperature unstable antenna coil 106, connected the transponder 19, absorbs energy from the interrogation reader field 128 at different frequencies depending on the temperature of the transponder 19. There is a correlation between the operating frequency of the transponder 19 and the temperature of the transponder 19. The frequency at which the temperature unstable antenna coil 106 absorbs maximum energy from the field 128, referred to herein as the “maximum energy absorption frequency,” may be correlated to the temperature of the transponder 19. The temperature of the container 30 and/or its contents 28 may be ascertained from the temperature of the transponder 19. This technique can be used to determine the temperature of the container 30 and/or its contents 28 at interrogation points when the transponder 19 is being interrogated by an interrogation reader 120. This technique does not apply to temperature determination while the container 30 is in transit between various interrogation points, since an interrogation reader 120, or other similar device, is required.
Absorption of energy at a certain frequency is related to the temperature at a particular operating frequency of a transponder 19. The transponder 19 operating frequency is defined below as:
L represents the inductance of the antenna coil 106, and C represents the capacitance of the tuning capacitor 103.
At initialization of the transponder 19, the interrogation reader 120 emits varying frequencies to determine maximum energy absorption frequency from the field 128 by the transponder 19. During the initialization, the current temperature is known by interrogation reader 120 through use of its own temperature sensor or other temperature sensing device. Once the maximum energy absorption frequency is determined, the interrogation reader 120 communicates the actual temperature being measured by the interrogation reader 120 and the maximum energy absorption frequency of the transponder 19 to the transponder 19 for storage in memory 108. The interrogation reader 120 determines the maximum energy absorption frequency from the field 128 by the transponder 19 in a number of ways, such as determining when there is a voltage drop at the antenna 124 of the interrogation reader 120. At a later point in time when the transponder 19 is within the interrogation reader field 128, the interrogation reader 120 again interrogates the transponder 19 to determine its new maximum energy absorption frequency. The interrogation reader 120 also retrieves the calibrated temperature and maximum absorption frequency previously stored within the transponder 19. A temperature is determined as a function of the difference between the first or calibrated maximum energy absorption frequency of the transponder 19 and the second maximum energy absorption frequency. The interrogation reader 120 performs this determination and correlates such to a corresponding temperature of the transponder 19 during its journey.
At a later point in time when the transponder 19 is within the interrogation reader field 128, the interrogation reader 120 again interrogates the transponder 19 to determine its new maximum energy absorption frequency. The interrogation reader 120 also retrieves the calibrated temperature and maximum absorption frequency previously stored within the transponder 19. A temperature is determined as a function of the difference between the first or calibrated maximum energy absorption frequency of the transponder 19 and the second maximum energy absorption frequency. The interrogation reader 120 perform this determination and correlates such to a corresponding temperature of the transponder 19 during its journey.
One way to accomplish this temperature technique is to provide a characteristic curve between different maximum energy absorption frequencies of the transponder 19 and temperatures into the interrogation readers 120 before operation. The interrogation reader 120 correlates the maximum energy absorption frequency of the transponder 19 to the temperature of the transponder 19 during its journey. Alternatively, a look-up table may be provided in the transponder 19 that correlates a maximum energy absorption frequency of the transponder 19 to a particular temperature of the transponder 19 during its journey.
There are other techniques that may be used to correlate the maximum energy absorption frequency to the temperature of the transponder 19, and therefore the temperature of the container 30 and/or its contents 28. The present invention is not limited to any one particular method.
The amount of liquid 28 within the container 30 may be determined using the transponder 19 mounted inside the ball 26 and a liquid level sensor 105 b located in the transponder 19 itself or associated with the transponder 19, such as the fill tube 22. As the liquid 28 varies, the resonance of the fill tube 22 varies. The transponder 19 mounted inside the ball 26 contains magnetic means to drive and sense the fill tube 22 resonance, thereby allowing the transponder to determine the level of the liquid in the container.
The present invention measures liquid 28 level by measuring the resonance response of the fill tube 22. It is known that a container 30 containing liquid 28 or other material will generate a specific increased resonance based on a particular emitted frequency based on the level of liquid 28 or liquidous material 28 contained in the container 30. This frequency at which the maximum resonance is generated and measured is known as the “resonance frequency,” and is referred to herein as such.
A particular type of level sensor 105B, known as a level actuator 105B, may be associated with the transponder 19 to measure mechanical resonance associated with the fill tube 22. In an exemplary embodiment, the level actuator 105B global search is piezo-electric. The fill tube 22 is in contact with the contents 28 of the container 30. The level actuator 105B may be internal to the transponder 19 or associated with the transponder 19 externally. The level actuator 105B may be contained within the ball 26 in the embodiment in which the transponder 19 is contained within the ball 26. Also, the level actuator 105B may be contained in the gasket 24 in the embodiment in which the transponder 19 is contained in the gasket 24. The transponder 19 powers the level actuator 105B either when the transponder 19 is in the field of the interrogation reader 120 or if the transponder 19 has a power source. The level actuator 105B does not have to be contained in the ball 26 or the gasket 24 so long as it is associated with the transponder 19 to receive power and is associated with the fill tube 22 to emit and/or receive resonance signals from the fill tube 22 or the air surrounding the fill tube 22.
The level actuator 105B emits frequencies over a given range in the fill tube 22 itself, the air surrounding the fill tube 22, or a gaseous material inserted into the fill tube 22 to determine the resonance frequency that correlates to a particular liquid 28 level. One method of correlation is to provide within the transponder 19 a look-up table of different liquid levels for different resonance frequencies based on predetermined characteristics of the container 30. Another method is to provide the transponder 19 a formula that takes as input the resonance frequency and returns a liquid level based on the characteristics of the container 30. After the transponder 19 correlates the resonance frequency to a particular liquid 28 level, the liquid 28 level can be stored in memory 108 or communicated by the transponder 19 to the interrogation reader 120, or both when desired.
One level actuator 105B can be provided that sweeps the aforementioned frequency range. The voltage supplied to the level actuator 101 by the transponder 19 and/or its power source will substantially lessen when the resonance frequency is generated by the level actuator 101. Alternatively, two level actuators 101 can be provided whereby one level actuator 101 emits the frequency signals in the desired range, and the other level actuator 105B receives a signal in response representative of the resonance. The transponder 19 receives the receiving level actuator 105Bhttp://money.cnn.com/2002/05/22/news/companies/abercrombie.ap/index.h tm signals and determines the resonance frequency.
It should be understood that it is obvious to one of ordinary skill in the art to provide other methods of determining liquid level in a container 30 using resonance and that the present invention is not limited to any one particular method.
The present invention provides an antenna 106, and the present invention is not limited to a particular type of antenna arrangement 106. However, the following discussion discusses different types of antenna arrangements that may be employed to provide the antenna 106 component of the present invention.
The voltage signal is applied to the feed lines 40 by the transponder 19 in a manner similar to a transformer. Similarly, when the slot 42 is exposed to electro-magnetic radiation, a voltage signal appears across the coupling with the slot 42 and provides a good impedance-matching characteristic. This type antenna 106 may be simpler and less expensive to manufacture than a direct connection of feed lines 40 shown in
A central control system 130 maintains the information from the interrogation readers 120 and monitors the movement of the containers 30 through the facility. The information received by each of the interrogation readers 120 may be forwarded to the central control system 130 either through direct wiring or a network, such as a local area network (LAN) or wide area network (WAN). The central control system 130 could also send information to the interrogation reader 120 to be transmitted to the transponder 19 for identification purposes. The central control system 130 tracks the expected location of the containers 30 and may be alerted if it expects to receive information about a particular container 30 and does not.
During commissioning of each container 30, it may be necessary to place the container 30 containing the transponder 19 in range of an interrogation reader 120 in order to erase previously stored information in memory 108 or to store particular data or configuration information about the container 30 in memory 108, for later use.
In the foregoing description, like-reference characters designate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views. Also, it is to be understood that such terms as “forward,” “rearward,” “left,” “right,” “upwardly,” “downwardly,” and the like are words of convenience that are not to be construed as limiting terms. Certain modifications and improvements will occur to those skilled in the art upon a reading of the foregoing description. One of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that there are different manners in which these elements can provide to accomplish the present invention.
It should also be understood that all such modifications and improvements have been deleted herein for the sake of conciseness and readability, but are properly within the scope of the following claims. The present invention is intended to cover what is claimed and any equivalents. The specific embodiments used herein are to aid in the understanding of the present invention, and should not be used to limit the scope of the invention in a manner narrower than the claims and their equivalents.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US3766560 *||11 Feb 1972||16 Oct 1973||Ncr||Radio receiving apparatus for locating a plurality of target transmitters|
|US3779418||8 Nov 1971||18 Dic 1973||Sweetheart Plastics||Disposable plastic container and cover|
|US3787993||21 Ago 1972||29 Ene 1974||Raymond Lee Organization Inc||Colored coded gas container bands|
|US3817417||26 Ago 1971||18 Jun 1974||Illinois Tool Works||Sanitary container and lid construction|
|US3930593||17 Jul 1973||6 Ene 1976||Koninklijke Emballage Industrie Van Leer B.V.||Container (or vessel) with a cover|
|US3934749||11 Sep 1974||27 Ene 1976||Polysar Plastics, Inc.||Plastic container|
|US3961323||18 Dic 1972||1 Jun 1976||American Multi-Lert Corporation||Cargo monitor apparatus and method|
|US4343325||10 Sep 1979||10 Ago 1982||Draft Systems, Inc.||Valve assembly and coupler therefor|
|US4384289||23 Ene 1981||17 May 1983||General Electric Company||Transponder unit for measuring temperature and current on live transmission lines|
|US4630044||21 Dic 1983||16 Dic 1986||Ant Nachrichtentechnik Gmbh||Programmable inductively coupled transponder|
|US4736926||7 Nov 1986||12 Abr 1988||Draft Systems, Inc.||Valve assembly and coupler therefor|
|US4744162||5 Ago 1986||17 May 1988||Sanko Co. Ltd.||Container and clip assembly|
|US4862160||20 Mar 1987||29 Ago 1989||Revlon, Inc.||Item identification tag for rapid inventory data acquisition system|
|US4944363||6 Feb 1990||31 Jul 1990||Cap Toys, Inc.||Toy ball|
|US4975711||25 May 1989||4 Dic 1990||Samsung Electronic Co., Ltd.||Slot antenna device for portable radiophone|
|US5021767||12 Oct 1988||4 Jun 1991||N.V. Nederlandsche Apparatenfabriek Nedap||Method and an apparatus for electronically identifying articles moving along a surface|
|US5057844||19 Mar 1990||15 Oct 1991||Rothstein Mark B||Insulated underground antenna and method for utilizing same|
|US5095739 *||9 Ago 1990||17 Mar 1992||Rosemount Inc.||Tank leak detector|
|US5151684||12 Abr 1991||29 Sep 1992||Johnsen Edward L||Electronic inventory label and security apparatus|
|US5161892||30 Ago 1991||10 Nov 1992||Respiratory Support Products, Inc.||Temperature measurement in R.F. locations|
|US5190504||9 Jun 1992||2 Mar 1993||Scatterday Mark A||Deformable grip|
|US5326939||1 Ago 1991||5 Jul 1994||Fritz Schafer Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung||Identification unit for garbage cans|
|US5396218||23 Jul 1993||7 Mar 1995||Olah; George||Portable security system using communicating cards|
|US5448220||8 Abr 1993||5 Sep 1995||Levy; Raymond H.||Apparatus for transmitting contents information|
|US5491483||5 Ene 1994||13 Feb 1996||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Single loop transponder system and method|
|US5524750||4 Ago 1995||11 Jun 1996||Buckhorn Material Handling Group, Inc.||Card holder for container|
|US5564166||2 Ago 1995||15 Oct 1996||Roy Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Badge clip assembly including a spring-biased clip member|
|US5585953||13 Ago 1993||17 Dic 1996||Gec Plessey Semiconductors, Inc.||IR/RF radio transceiver and method|
|US5603430 *||10 Feb 1995||18 Feb 1997||Dec International, Inc.||Beverage dispensing system with bottle identification mechanism|
|US5609406||16 Dic 1993||11 Mar 1997||Autopal S.R.O., Novy Jicin||Headlamp for motor vehicles|
|US5619207||6 Jun 1996||8 Abr 1997||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Highly accurate RE-ID positioning system|
|US5621913||15 Nov 1994||15 Abr 1997||Micron Technology, Inc.||System with chip to chip communication|
|US5631631||17 Ago 1994||20 May 1997||Avery Dennison Corporation||Device for use in conveying information concerning an article of commerce|
|US5648765||8 Mar 1995||15 Jul 1997||Cresap; Michael S.||Tag tansponder system and method to identify items for purposes such as locating, identifying, counting, inventorying, or the like|
|US5663630||26 Ene 1996||2 Sep 1997||K-G Motors, Inc.||Transponder charging apparatus|
|US5696485||6 Nov 1996||9 Dic 1997||Ford Global Technologies, Inc.||Method for charging a transponder|
|US5743134||19 Ene 1995||28 Abr 1998||Endress + Hauser Gmbh + Co.||Method and arrangement for determining and/or monitoring a predetermined level of material in a container|
|US5767772||8 Ago 1996||16 Jun 1998||Lemaire; Gerard||Marker for an article which is detected when it passes through a surveillance zone|
|US5767792||30 Jun 1995||16 Jun 1998||Bio Medic Data Systems Inc.||Method for calibrating a temperature sensing transponder|
|US5779839||26 Sep 1997||14 Jul 1998||Micron Communications, Inc.||Method of manufacturing an enclosed transceiver|
|US5781112||3 Feb 1997||14 Jul 1998||Shymko; Wayne W.||Electronic tagging device for identifying transported products|
|US5790029||29 Nov 1995||4 Ago 1998||Sensormatic Electronics Corporation||EAS tag package|
|US5798693||7 Jun 1995||25 Ago 1998||Engellenner; Thomas J.||Electronic locating systems|
|US5831531||25 Mar 1997||3 Nov 1998||Micron Communications, Inc.||Anti-theft method for detecting the unauthorized opening of containers and baggage|
|US5833603||13 Mar 1996||10 Nov 1998||Lipomatrix, Inc.||Implantable biosensing transponder|
|US5842118||18 Dic 1996||24 Nov 1998||Micron Communications, Inc.||Communication system including diversity antenna queuing|
|US5864580||26 Ago 1996||26 Ene 1999||Hid Corporation||Miniature wireless modem|
|US5865339||13 Jun 1995||2 Feb 1999||The Decor Corporation Pty Ltd||Container and tags|
|US5883376||21 Sep 1995||16 Mar 1999||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Device for contactless, inductive power and data transmission, and preferred use thereof for identifying gas cylinders|
|US5887176||28 Jun 1996||23 Mar 1999||Randtec, Inc.||Method and system for remote monitoring and tracking of inventory|
|US5905444||12 Nov 1996||18 May 1999||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Anti-theft system for a motor vehicle|
|US5913180 *||10 Jun 1997||15 Jun 1999||Ryan; Michael C.||Fluid delivery control nozzle|
|US5926013||4 Feb 1998||20 Jul 1999||Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson||Circuit and method for generating a voltage for use during active time periods but not inactive time periods|
|US5936523||24 Abr 1998||10 Ago 1999||West; Joe F.||Device and method for detecting unwanted disposition of the contents of an enclosure|
|US5939977||26 Mar 1997||17 Ago 1999||Ssi Technologies, Inc.||Method and apparatus for synchronizing to a data stream for an inductively coupled transponder|
|US5947256||21 Ene 1997||7 Sep 1999||Sensormatic Electronics Corporation||Tag for identifying recyclable materials and method and apparatus for same|
|US5953682||14 Feb 1997||14 Sep 1999||Millipore Corporation||Automated gas cylinder tracking system|
|US5959524||11 Mar 1996||28 Sep 1999||Heraeus Electro-Nite International N.V.||Temperature sensor|
|US5961215||26 Sep 1997||5 Oct 1999||Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.||Temperature sensor integral with microprocessor and methods of using same|
|US5963177||16 May 1997||5 Oct 1999||Micron Communications, Inc.||Methods of enhancing electronmagnetic radiation properties of encapsulated circuit, and related devices|
|US5972156||21 Ago 1997||26 Oct 1999||Intermec Ip Corp.||Method of making a radio frequency identification tag|
|US5973611||27 Mar 1995||26 Oct 1999||Ut Automotive Dearborn, Inc.||Hands-free remote entry system|
|US5979227 *||17 Nov 1995||9 Nov 1999||Fedd Systems, Inc.||Fugitive emissions detection systems and components thereof|
|US5986569||20 Mar 1997||16 Nov 1999||Micron Communications, Inc.||Radio frequency identification system, radio frequency identification device package, and method of use of radio frequency identification device|
|US6008727||10 Sep 1998||28 Dic 1999||Xerox Corporation||Selectively enabled electronic tags|
|US6012415||18 Abr 1997||11 Ene 2000||Magtronic Id, Inc.||Bolus with animal ID and temperature transponder|
|US6023244||13 Feb 1998||8 Feb 2000||Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson||Microstrip antenna having a metal frame for control of an antenna lobe|
|US6031459||22 Jul 1998||29 Feb 2000||Micron Technology, Inc.||Wireless communication devices, radio frequency identification devices, and methods of forming wireless communication devices and radio frequency identification devices|
|US6053041 *||27 Feb 1995||25 Abr 2000||The Regents Of The University Of California||Noninvasive method for determining the liquid level and density inside of a container|
|US6069564||8 Sep 1998||30 May 2000||Hatano; Richard||Multi-directional RFID antenna|
|US6078259||28 Oct 1997||20 Jun 2000||Intermec Ip Corp.||Radio frequency identification tag|
|US6138058||6 Ene 1998||24 Oct 2000||Jenoptik Infab, Inc.||Method for electronically tracking containers to avoid misprocessing of contents|
|US6147604||15 Oct 1998||14 Nov 2000||Intermec Ip Corporation||Wireless memory device|
|US6204764||9 Sep 1999||20 Mar 2001||Key-Trak, Inc.||Object tracking system with non-contact object detection and identification|
|US6206282||2 Mar 1999||27 Mar 2001||Pyper Products Corporation||RF embedded identification device|
|US6402690||18 Abr 2000||11 Jun 2002||Massachusetts Institute Of Technology||Isolating ring sensor design|
|US6469627||11 Feb 2000||22 Oct 2002||Marconi Communications Inc.||Mounting clip having a wireless communication device|
|US6483473||18 Jul 2000||19 Nov 2002||Marconi Communications Inc.||Wireless communication device and method|
|US6501435||3 Oct 2000||31 Dic 2002||Marconi Communications Inc.||Wireless communication device and method|
|US7224273 *||24 Abr 2003||29 May 2007||Forster Ian J||Device and method for identifying a container|
|US20020033051 *||2 Ago 2001||21 Mar 2002||Kazuhiro Shimura||Internal information detector for pressure vessel|
|US20020047781||15 Jun 1998||25 Abr 2002||Michel Fallah||Electronic label|
|DE4446203A1||23 Dic 1994||27 Jun 1996||Hartmut Keuper||Verfahren zur digitalen Erfassung des Umlaufs von Bierfässern|
|DE19703819C1||1 Feb 1997||13 Ago 1998||Itec Ingenieurbuero Fuer Hygie||Labelling arrangement for container encoding|
|DE29504712U1||24 Mar 1995||25 Jul 1996||L & S Logistic & Software Gmbh||Transponderbefestigung|
|EP0467657A1||11 Jul 1991||22 Ene 1992||Hughes Aircraft Company||Low Frequency acoustic fuel sensor|
|FR2681972A1||Título no disponible|
|GB974249A||Título no disponible|
|GB2092096A||Título no disponible|
|GB2210349A||Título no disponible|
|GB2293588A||Título no disponible|
|GB2346604A||Título no disponible|
|WO1994005090A1||16 Ago 1993||3 Mar 1994||Magellan Corporation (Australia) Pty. Ltd.||Identification apparatus|
|WO1994027117A1||9 May 1994||24 Nov 1994||Multilop Limited||A security system|
|WO1995015622A1||29 Nov 1994||8 Jun 1995||Idesco Oy||Remote-readable transponder arrangement|
|WO1999018000A1||6 Oct 1998||15 Abr 1999||Stewart Plastics Limited||Identification device for containers|
|WO2001059699A2||12 Feb 2001||16 Ago 2001||Marconi Corporation Plc.||A wireless identification device|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US8143999 *||23 Nov 2006||27 Mar 2012||Nxp B.V.||Data carrier with sensor|
|US8395487 *||16 Mar 2012||12 Mar 2013||Nxp B.V.||Data carrier with sensor|
|US9221667||15 Mar 2013||29 Dic 2015||SteadyServ Technologies, LLC||Draft beer supply chain systems and methods|
|US9481559||28 Feb 2014||1 Nov 2016||SteadyServ Technologies, LLC||Draft beer supply chain system and method|
|US9485549||24 May 2013||1 Nov 2016||SteadyServ Technologies, LLC||Draft beer supply chain systems and methods|
|US9617140||1 Dic 2015||11 Abr 2017||SteadyServ Technologies, LLC||Draft beer supply chain systems and methods|
|US20080316000 *||23 Nov 2006||25 Dic 2008||Nxp B.V.||Data Carrier with Sensor|
|US20120176228 *||16 Mar 2012||12 Jul 2012||Achim Hilgers||Data carrier with sensor|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||340/539.1, 340/693.5, 340/539.11, 340/572.8, 340/613, 340/572.1, 340/612|
|Clasificación internacional||B67D1/08, G08B1/08, G01F23/296, G01F23/00, G01N35/00|
|Clasificación cooperativa||B65D2203/10, G01N35/00871, G01F23/2966, B67D1/08, B67D1/0871, G01F23/0076, G06K19/0717, B65D7/045|
|Clasificación europea||B67D1/08, G06K19/07E2, G01N35/00G3L, G01F23/296H, B65D7/04B, G01F23/00G1A, B67D1/08E|
|19 Abr 2011||CC||Certificate of correction|
|5 Oct 2012||AS||Assignment|
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MARCONI INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (US), INC.;REEL/FRAME:029082/0157
Effective date: 20050106
Owner name: MINERAL LASSEN LLC, NEVADA
|28 May 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4