US 889922 A
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PATENTED JUNE 9, 1908. J. E. GARRETT. v
MACHINE FOR MAKING RUGS.
APPLICATION FILED MAYB, 1907.
lill!! I @Vi IC n una armste? No. 889,922. PATENTED JUNE 9, 1908. J. E. GARRETT.
MACHINE POR MAKING RUGS.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 8. 1907.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
M, v o! .ablio'bnag i f naar JOHN GARRETT, OF NEW GLASGOW., NOVA SCOTIA, CANADA.
MACHINE FOR MAKING BUGS. l
p Speciicatipn of Letters Patent.
Patented. .rune e, 190s.
Application filed May 8, 1907. Serial No. 372,487.
To all whom it may concern: .l
Be it .known that I, JOHN E. GARRETT, a
citizen of the Dominion of Canada, resident of New Glasgow, in the county of Picton and Province of Nova Scotia, Canada, have made Figure 1 is a crspective view of the invention showing t e lance and looper blade in I proected position with the lance partially wit drawn. Fig.` 2 is a central longitudinal section on the line 2 2, Fig.' 5, showing the first and last position of the parts in the operation of thedevice, with the lance slide or holder and lance withdrawn. Fig. 3 is a side view of the invention with the parts in the position shown in Fig.'2. Fig. 4 is a side view of the same showing the second position oi they parts, with the lance and looper blade pro- ]ected. Fig. 5 is a front view of the invention partly `broken away. Fig. 6 is a cross section of the line 6-`6,.`Fig. 2.
The invention has relation to hand looping machines for making rugs or mats, and it consists of the novel construction and cornbination of parts, as hereinafter set forth.
y The object of the invention'is to provide a simple and strong instrument for the purpose, which will have a positive feed.
ln the accompanying drawin s, illustrating the invention, theletter a., esignates a `hollow handle having a chamber t, v1n which is located a spring c, w 'ch engages a reciproeating stem or shank which extends out of the chamber through an opening @,in the ca f. To the handle and cap is rigidly secure a bracket g, which'holds a spring arm ca ing frame h, having a resser toot 7a. T e carrying frame h, exten s arallel tothe stern d, for a certain distance, eyondwhich it 1s deflected outward'and forwardto the presser yfoot, as indicatedrat the incline or slant m.
, Having movement upon the.;A carrying frame is; a sliding holder@ conslsting offa lon itudina'l plate or bar lortion s, having at l its inner end a transverse erpieceor operatingliange t, which is pro'vi ed with an a erture'c, through which passes the stem on which this sliding'holderis designed to have screw englaging the same. Ienga es t ifront of the point of t e lance.
reci rocating motion. At its outer end the slidlng holder p, is provided with an inward extendin clamp arm u, whereby the tubular lance e, 1s attached at its rear end to the holder, said lance being rigidly secured in place by a clam l screw 2.
To the end of t stemd, is secured thelooping blade n, which extends into the tubular lance, and operates in connection therewith. To the forward end ofthe stein d, is secured a bearing piece 3, lwhich engages the carrying frame h, and serves to steady the same, while'the latter acts as a guide and bearing to prevent any rotary movement of said stem.
VThe upper surface of the stem is provided with a longitudinal roove at 4, in which is secured a small stee stripspring 5, the end of which is bent upward 1n an inclined manner to provide a catch 6. This catch is designed to project out ofthe groove s'uiciently to engage the margin of the o ening e, in the vcap f, when the stem is'pushe outward from .the chamber in the handle far enough to carr -said catch beyond said o ening. This cato is released by means of t e aperture lv, y -in the iin er piece t, when the latter is pulled backwar against the end of the cap, so that' the spring'can retract the stem and looper blade.
inthe constructionshown the carrying frame h, is made of steel wire and has two branches 7, the ends of which enga e bent flanges 8, of the bracket ,and are c amped thereto by means of a c am nut 9, and a he clam nut e broad cheeks g of the U-s aped brac et and is thereby prevented from turning when the clamp screw is tightened.
At the forward ends of the branches 7, oi the carrying frame'h, the presser oot 7c, is formed of the wire of such frame, this presser foot portion extendin transversel justin T e end of the presser foot is reversely bent as at 11, and the transverse portions 12, are straight or nearly. so and at. right angles to the lance when the latter is in retracted position. The body portion s, ofthe slide p, overlaps the carrying frame at each side,the head of the clamp screw 2, alsooverlapping such fra-me at one side, said body ortion 'and screw head having sufiiciently c ose engagement with saidframe to deect the slide, and lance carried vthereby away from the end 11, of the presser foot when in projected or protruded position, owing to t e inclines m, of ,the
branches of the carrying frame. As the presser foot is serrated to provide for frictional contact with the fabric which is being turfed, the foot will have a positive feed in stem d, causes ythe lance slide orholder p, to carry the lance Vvthrough the fabric with the ,attached cloth stri or yarn. Normal1y,the looper blade, Whic is of spring steel, is exosed behind the open rearend of the tubular ance, and extends into the same to withinv about half an inch or so of the point. And as thel end of the looper'blade is concave or provided with projections r, to engage said strip or yarn, it serves when the finger piece is drawn back, withdrawing the lance from the fabric, to hold-a loop of the cloth strip or fabric.
yarn in position on the under side of the fabric. And lwhen the finger piece is brought against the end of the cap the loo er stem is released, and the spring 1n the hol ow handle acts to jerk the looper back into retracted position in the lance, leaving the cloth or yarn loop in position on the other side of the This operation having served to advance the presser foot a little, the instrument is operated to form another loop. In this' manner the piling can be effected in a very rapid and uniform manner and if the base cloth is marked with a design, a figured rug may be easily and quickly made.
As the hollow lance -or needle is entirely open in the rear it can be threaded with great facility the material being entered at its;
open end, 'above the looper blade. Much tlme is saved in this way, and when' it is considered that mats and rugs of this kind are made in many cases from a large number of short strips, this is a matter of importance. Furthermore the threading path is lsmooth and is provided with a guide in the looper blade, so that the liability of breaking delicate or weak-` strands or strips of cloth such as are for the most part used up in work of this kind, is very much reduced.
The tubular lance is adjustable on the clamp screw, whereby it is secured to the holder, sothat its degree of inclinationcan 4be arran ed'to bring its point in line with the axis of t e handle, and to cause its interior surface to approximate more or less the looper blade, which is'made broad enough toy have its edges engage or nearly engage the sides of such interiorf surface. So that they the yarn.
yarn or stri of rag can be easily threaded along the b ade, vand when threaded is not liablellto escape the end of the looper blade in its action. And as the presser, arm is ofiset and the lance, looper blade and looper stem are located in line with the axis of the handle, the movement of these parts is suitably balanced for direction of operation with reference to exact work.
In order to prevent stray'stran'ds of yarn from working backof the looper blade, which runs down through the lance, a slender wire 2a is secured vunder the head of the clamp screw 2 and extended forward of the lance z whereit is looped or coiled at 2b to receive The bearing iece 3 is located forward of `the operating ange t, and has a lateral extension at 3a, which projects between the branches 7 of the carrying frame, thus preventing rotary movement of the stema. When the looper blade is retracted by the s ring c, its inward movement is limitedlby t e bearing piece 3, acting as a stop, as shown. v
Having described the, invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In a rug machine, a hollow handle, a carrying frame connected thereto, a slide device having movement over said carrying frame, and provided with an inward extendingv arm at its outer end, a tubular lance carried by said inward extending arm, said tubular lance being in line with the handle within the handle, and a catch device for said blade capable of release by said slide device. i
2. In a rug machine, a handle, a carrying frame connected thereto and having the body thereof offset to one side of said handle, a slide device having movementover said carrying frame, and provided at its forward end with an inward extending arm and at its rear end with an o erating flange having a perforation, a tubu ar lance having connection `at its rear end with said inward extending arm, and having an open `rear end., a looper blade extending through said lance, having fa stem portion engaging the perforation of said operating flange and provided with a seat in the handle, said stem ortion having a bearing piece located forwar of the operating iiange, a retracting'spring for the looper blade and a catch device for said blade capable of release by said slidedevice.
3. In a rug inachine, a hollow handle, a j
having movement over said carrying frame,
an inward extending arm'atl vits-outer end,
` and an 'operatingiange atitsiinner end provided with a erforation, fa -gtubular lance carried by said inwardv extending arm, in line with the handle and having an open rear end, a looper blade vextending 1'through said lance and having a stem portion extending through the perforation of the 4A,operating flange-.into the, hollow handle, a retract-in spring for lsaid blade located within the ho low'handle,
and a spring catch device for "said looper bladenapable of being released by said op' erating flange.`-` i 5. In a rug machine., /ahandle-'having a bracket, a carrying frame havingA spring branches connected to said bracket, said branches having outwarddefiected portions terminating in a'presser foot, a slide device 'having lmovement oversaidcarrying frame and havmg an mward extending arm at its' outer end, a tubular lance carried vby saidv handle and having an open rear end,-a looper inward extending arm1in linewith the blade extending through-said lance, a retracting spring for said blade, a spring catch device for said blade capable yof release by said slide'device, and an voutward extending loop arm for the yarn, carried by said slide device'. l
6. In a rug making. machine, -the hollow handle, its spring and cap, in combination with a looper 'stem reciprocating in said handle its ca tch spring, a reciprocating lance frame, vand a deecting arm carrying a presser foot.
7. A.. rug machine, consisting of a hollow handle, its spring and cap, a reciprocating stern in said handle having a vcatch spring, a
bearing piece on said stem, anoilset presser arm secured lto said handle, a reciprocating lance holder having a finger piece, an adjustable open end tubular lance, and a looper` from said stem into saidl blade extending lance. 5
8. In afrug machine, a handle, a carrying frame connected thereto and having the bodythereof offsetl to one side of said handle,
a'slide device having-movement over said carrying frame, and provided at 1ts forward end with an inward extending arm, and at its rear end' with an o erating flange having a perforation, a tubu ar lance having connection at its rear end with said inward extending arm, ,l and having an open rear end, a loo er blade extending through said lance, and) having a stern portion engaging the perforationof the o erating flange and provided with a seat in t e handle, said stem portion having a bearing piece located forward of the "bperating flange and provided with a lateral extension having engagement with said carr 'ng frame to prevent rotary movement of t e stem portion,"a retracting spring for the looper'blade land a .catch device for said blade capableof release-by said slide device.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature,
witnesses. JOHN E. GARRETT.
W. H. HASTINGS, A. W. LEvENsALER.
in, presence of two