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Número de publicaciónUSRE21065 E
Tipo de publicaciónConcesión
Fecha de publicación2 May 1939
Fecha de presentación3 Dic 1934
Número de publicaciónUS RE21065 E, US RE21065E, US-E-RE21065, USRE21065 E, USRE21065E
InventoresLloyd G. Copeman
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet
Dispensing device for sheet rubber deposited prom an aqueous dispersion
US RE21065 E
Imágenes(3)
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Descripción  (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)

May 2, 1939. 5 COPEMAN Re. 21,065 DISPENSING DEVICE FOR SHEET RUBBER DEPOSITED FROM AN AQUEOUS DISPERSION OF RUBBER AND THE PROCESS OF FORMING AND USING SAME Original Filed Dec. 5, 1934 3 Sheets-Sheet l a/ 7 INVENTOR. J40Y0'nsm4u ATTORNEYS L. G. COPEMAN Re. 21,065 ET RUBB QUEOUS DISPERSION USING SAME I May 2, 1939.

IR DEPOSITED FROM AN'A 1355 OF FORMING AND 3, 1934 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 DISFENSTNG DEVICE FOR SHE E OF RUBBER AND THE FROG Original Filed Dec.

v INV'ENTOR. Zifly 6. (bye/ 7a ATTORNEYS.

May 2, 1939. COPEMAN Re. 21,065 DISPENSING DEVICE FOR SHEET RUBBER DEPOSITED FROM AN AQUEOUS DISPERSION OF RUBBER AND THE PROCESS OF FORMING AND USING SAME Original Filed Dec. 3, 1934 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 1271mm: aM/ x 7 mn|um..\ INVENTOR.

- ATTORNEYS Reisaued May 21939 PATENT OFFICE msmsmo nmcs ma snss'r alumna nsrosn'sp mom an AQUEOUS msraa- Ysronoramaasnn mraocass or FORMING AND USING am Lloyd G. Oopeman, Flint, Mich, a-ignor to Copeman Laboratories Company, I'lint, Mlcla, a corporation oi Original so. 2.075.178. March so. 1m. Be-

rial No. 755,782, December 8, 1934. Application for Claims.

This invention relates to a dispensing device for sheet rubber deposited from an aqueous dispersion of rubber and the process of forming and using same,- and has to do particularly with a dispensing device or what may be termed a rubber package wherein the sheet oi deposited rubber is temporarily retained preparatory to many utilitarian uses.

It is an object 01' the present invention to form rubber sheets from aqueous dispersions of rubber in usable form. Use is made oi the principle that an aqueous dispersion of rubber, such as latex, may be used to bond two sheets of paper together; but a greater use is made oi the fact that the sheet of rubber, while bonding two sheets 01 paper together, nevertheless can be readily removed from between the two sheets; this is because the inherent toughness of the rubber is much greater than the bonding ac tion between the sheet of rubber and the sheets of paper. The two strips of paper therefore become not only the medium of forming the rubber deposited sheet but also form a dispensing device or container from which the rubber sheet may be readily removed for various uses.

Another feature of the invention has to do with a novel method of handling uncured rubber; uncured rubber, particularly rubber deposited from an aqueous dispersion of rubber is so practically impossible to handle and sticks together and is uncontrollable but, by my process, this uncured rubber is formed with the utmost ease and alter once contained between the two strips of paper it can be subsequently dispensed from the paper and readily and easily used for many purposes.

Other features of the invention; including details oi the process, various forms of temporarily retaining the strip of rubber in its container, and

different ways of releasing the formed sheet of rubber from the container will be more clearlybrought out in the specification and claims.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a more or less diagrammatic view iilustrating one manner of forming the dispensing strips of paper.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of one form of tinished product.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 1-3 of Fig.2.

Fig. 4 illustrates the initial step of tearing away one end of the paper strip preparatory to releasing the deposited rubber sheet.

Fig. 5 illustrates the releasing step.

ill Fig. 6 is a modified form of dispensing packreissue March 10,

ms. Serial. No. 201,122 (or. os-s) age wherein the retained rubber strip is adapted to seal other articles to be dispensed.

Fig. 7 is a sectional view taken on line 1-1 of Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is a sectional view similar to F18. 7 but illustrating a modified cross section.

Fig. 9 is a perspective view illustrating the initial step in releasing the deposited strip and one of the sealed articles, such as a razor blade.

Fig. 10 is a view similar to Fig. 9 illustrating the actual releasing step.

Fig. 11 illustrates another modified form of the invention wherein the paper backing on opposiie sides at the rubber strip is formed by parts of the closure member of a paper box.

mg. 12 is a fragmentary sectional view of the top corner of the box shown in Fig. 11.

Fig. 13 is a view similar to Fig. 12 but with the top closure member folded in position so that the strip of deposited rubber is retained between two sheets of paper.

Flg.14 illustrates the manner oireleasing the retained rubber strip so as to automatically open the box.

Fig. 15 illustrates a modification of the invention where it is used in connection with relatively heavy cardboard, a piece of plaited paper being used to assist in the release of the rubher from the cardboard surfaces of the box.

Fig. 16 is a sectional view taken on line it-it of Fig. 15.

Fig. 1'7 is a fragmentary detail view illustrating a modified manner of arranging the auxiliary plaited strip.

While I have developed many uses for my dispensing device, both in the form of atemporary package and in the use of the strip oi! rubber as it is being released, or after it has beenreleased, from its dispensing package, it is believed,- however, rather than show all such many uses and modifications that the few illustrated embodiments herein are sufllcient to show the various and many adaptations of the process and the resulting product.

Generally speaking, the invention has to do with the preparing of a rubber deposit from an aqueous dispersion of rubber in a thin delicate membrane for practical application to any ob- Ject. and the preparing and use of this membrane 01' rubber is through a medium of two pieces of paper; it will be understood that the paper itself has no particular function in the present application other than it serves as the temporary retaining medium for dispensing or releasing the thin rubber membrane.

Onemannerofformingthedispensingstrip ofpaperisshowninBgJwhereinthefoi-mation ofthestripofpaperiscontinuous. Inthis Ifdesired.heatmaybeapthin membrane is required, very few vulcanizing ingredients should be embodied in the solution. Any desired concentration of latex solution or aqueousdispersionofrubbermaybeused,but a relatively thin solution of latex of around to 40%has been fund to he most practical.

In manycases it will be desirable to coat both sheets of paper with an aqueous dispersion of rubber before joining the same together; this is particularly true in connection with the modificationasshowninl'igaiitol0,aswillbe later explained. Regardless of the form of the aqueous dispersion of rubber, as shown at 9 in Fig. 2, and whether it substantially sets up before assuming its final form (as when it passes through the rolls I) or whether a large part of the absorption of water from the latex coating takes place after joining the two pieces of paper together, it will be seen that the bonding action between the deposited rubber particles and the interior surfaces of the strips of paper will form and subsequently retain the deposited strip of rubber as a uniform thin membrane 9, or a thicker member if desired for special uses.

The formed strips of paper It may be cut in any length or used in rolls of various lengths, and ifnecessarycanbekeptinthatformforyears at a time. However, whenever it is desired to use some of the sheet rubber, all that is necessary to do is to tear away one end of the strip, as shown at H in Fig. 4 and subsequent positive relative movement between the torn away portion and the main portion of the strip will cause the sheet of rubber 9 to be pulled away from between the two strips of paper. While the bonding ac- .tion between therubber and the paper is sufilcient to retain the shape of the strip, the tearing away action between the rubber and the sheets of paper is relatively easy. If one pulls slowly he is able to obtain a strip of rubber substantially the width of the strip of paper, or where tension is placedupon the stripof rubber it can he narrowed down considerably. For instance, if it is desired to use the thin membrane of rubber as a finger cot, the initial portion of the rubber, first pulled 'out as shown in Fig. 5, is placed around the finger, the short piece of paper pulled off and then the remaining piece ofpaper pulled away and the resulting dispensed rubber wrapped around the finger or, if the rubber sheet is to be used as a tourniquet, much more tension will be ai,oes

placeduponthestripofrubberasitisdispensed and as the strip of rubber is stretched and wrappedaroundthearmorotherpartoftheperson, the overlapped portions of rubber will stick to each other forming a very compact and secure tourniquet or bandage. It will thus be seenthatthispackingordeviceas showninl'igs.2and4,maybeusedformany purposes, among the most'important of which would be temporary repairs for many broken articles such as a fishing pole, hammer, axe or similar instrument. The binding action and strength of several layers of rubber wrapped around each other is quite amazing.

Another important use of my retaining and dispensing strip has to do with the combining and sealing of many forms of articles, such as razor blades. In the preferred form. the razor blades llarewrappedor enclosedinwaxpaperandthe' enclosed blades successively placed between the continuously moving strips of paper I and I, and just before said two strips of paper are bonded together. Thus, the aqueous dispersion vof rubber will not only bond the two sheets of rubber together but will surround and form a seal for the razor blades.

In Fig. 7 a razor blade is shown surrounded on both sides by a sheet of rubber, while in Fig. 8 it is shown as covering only one side; in either case there is complete sealing action entirely around the edge of the razor blade. -To-release the sheet of rubber and dispense the razor blades, it is only necessary to break the dispenser unit IS in two, as indicated in Fig. 9, and as shown by Fig. 10, by pulling away the broken portion II the rubber will be quickly released from the surfaces of the paper; that is, the inner surfaces of the outer strips of paper and the outer surfaces of the paper surrounding the razor blade. Thus, in this case we have complete hermetic sealing of the razor blades plus a quick method of dispensing; also in this case the rubber performs its utilitarian function in, two ways, first, while being retained as a fiat sheet or sheets between the strips of paper and, second, in the manner of releasing and exposing the razor blade.

In Figs. 11 to 16 I have shown a further modiflcation of the invention. Most cardboard boxes, such as shown as at I! are provided with two sets of closure members, that is, the inner flaps II and the outer flaps il. By first folding the inner flaps in place it is possible to seal and hold these flaps in position by spraying or brush- -ing a layer of latex or other aqueous dispersion of rubber, as shown as at ll, Fig. 11. A portion of this coating of latex is extended down over one side wall of the box as at ll. While the latex is still plastic, the top flaps II maybe folded down into normal position, as best shown in Fig. 13. The directresult of this is that a thin membrane of deposited rubber will be formed between the respective flaps l6 and i1, and said respective flaps will be bonded to this sheet of rubber. The flaps of the carton will thus be securely held in place and the contents of the carton will be sealed from the atmosphere. Now,

to open the carton, it is unnecessary to tearaway the flap members or use any special means for opening the same, but it is only necessary to slightly rub the edge of the deposited rubber coating, as indicated in Fig. 11, and tear the portion is away from the side wall of the paper box. This having been done, the torn' away portion It, as best shown in Fig. 14, may be pulled laterally and the bonding action between the flaps II and" and the membrane oi rubber will be broken, with the result that as the membrane is pulled laterally, as shown in Fig. 14, the rubber membrane between the flaps will be gradually and cleanly torn away, thus releasing the fiap members and permitting opening oi the carton without in any way damaging the flap members or any other part of the carton.

sheet 01' rubber may be removed from between the flaps l6 and" merely pulling on the plaitedstrip of paper.

As apparently many widely difi'erent mbodiments 01' this invention may be made without departing from the spirit thereof, it will be un-' derstood that I do not intend to limit myseli to the specific embodiments herein set forth. exceptas indicated in the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. The methodof forming a sheet of rubber and temporarily holding but subsequently dis-' pensing same, which comprises coating one surface of a sheet of fibrous material such as paper with a layer of an aqueous dispersion oi rubber. superimposing a layer of fibrous material upon the opposite side of the layer of rubber while still tacky, depositing the rubber from said aqueous dispersion of rubber as a thin membrane of rubber bonded to said two sheets of fibrous material, and then releasing the membrane of rubber from between said two sheets and separating the sheets by applying tension to said membrane greater than the bonding action between the membrane and the sheets oi.material.

2. The method of forming a sheet 0! rubber and temporarily holding but subsequently dispensing same, which comprises interposing a layer of an aqmous dispersion oi rubber between two sheets of paper, depositing the rubber particles from said aqueous dispersion oi rubber brane of rubber temporarily bonding. said two sheets of paper together, then releasing the. membrane of rubber from between said two sheets and separating the sheets by applying tension to said membrane greater than the bonding action between the membrane and the sheets of DBD 3. The method oi forming, temporarily re- ,taining, and dispensing a thin sheet oi rubber,

which comprises interposing a layer 0! an aqueous dispersion oi rubber between two sheets of fibrous material such as paper, depositing the rubber particles from said aqueous dispersion as a thin homogeneous membrane voi rubber, said sheets of material being bonded together by saidmembrane of rubber, and then separating said two sheets of material and releasing the membrane of rubber by applying tension to said membrane greater than the bonding action between the membrane and the sheets of material.

4. The method of forming, temporarily retaining and dispensing a thin sheet of rubber, which comprises interposing a layer of an aqueous dispersion of rubber between two sheets of paper, depositing the rubber particles from said aque-. ous dispersion as a thin homogeneous membrane as a thin membrane oi rubber, said thin mem-- 0! rubber. said sheets oi paper being bonded together by said membrane of rubber, then separating said two sheets 01' paper and releasing the membrane oi rubber by tearing across the strips of paper to expose a portion of the membrane of rubber, and then applying lateral tension to said membrane greater than the bonding action between the membrane and the-sheets of paper.

5. The method oi temporarily sealing and releasing articles preparatory to dispensing, which comprises interposing an article or articles in an aqueous dispersion of rubber between two sheets 01 paper, depositing the particles of rubber from said aqueous dispersion to form a homogeneous membrane of rubber between said two sheets oi paper and covering at least one side of said article or articles, and then releasing said article or articles by pulling away the membrane of rubber from between the two sheets of paper.

6. The method of temporarily sealing and releasing articles preparatory to dispensing, which comprises interposing an article or articles in an aqueous dispersion of rubber between two sheets 01' paper, depositing the particles of rubber from said aqueous dispersion to form a homogeneousmembrane of rubber between said two sheets 01 paper and covering at least one side 01 said article or articles, and then releasing said article or articles by pulling away the membrane of rubber to expose said article or articles.

7. The method of temporarily sealing and retaining articles preparatory to dispensing, which comprises interposing two layers 01 rubber, deposited i'rom an' aqueous dispersion of rubber, at least in part between twoportions oi fibrous material, such as paper, interposing one or more spaced articles in between said layers of rubber,

said layers 01 rubber being bonded to each other at points around each article or group 01' articles and being bonded to the two portions of paper to form a hermetic seal around said article or ar-,

ticles.

8. The method of bonding a plurality of sheets of fibrous material together to form a temporary laminated sheet, which comprises interposing a coating of an aqueous dispersion of rubber between said sheets of material, depositing the rubber particles in said aqueous dispersion of rubber when the sheets of material are in contact with opposite sides thereof to form a membrane of rubber, and then cleanly releasing said sheets of material from each other by placing tension upon' said membrane 01' rubber greater than the bonding action between said rubber and the sheets of material.

9. The method of temporarily securing closure members of a carton in closed position, sealing the carton and releasing the closure members, which comprises applying a coating ofan aqueous dispersion oi rubber to the upper surface of one or more closure flaps, folding one. or more other flaps in position whereby said coating 01 rubber is retained between said two or more flaps, depositing the particles of rubber from the thin aqueous dispersion to form a thin membrane of rubber bonded to-said flaps, said membrane of rubber forming a seal for the entire loading and dispensing end of the carton, and releasing said flaps by applying tension to said membrane of rubber and removing the same from between the flaps.

10. The method of temporarily securing closure members of a carton in closed position, which comprises applying a coating of an aqueous dispersion of rubber to the upper surface 01' one or- 1 members in adjacent laminated relationship,

which comprises interposing between parallel' fiaps a sheet of rubber deposited from an aqueous dispersion of rubber, the surface of said sheet of rubber, when initially contacting with the fiaps, being sufilciently tacky to bond in the fiaps and hold the same in parallel relationship, and then releasing the flaps by applying tension to said sheet of rubber and destroying the bond between said sheet of rubber and at least one of the fiaps. as

members of a carton in adjacent laminated relationship, which comprises interposing between parallel flaps a sheet of rubber deposited from an aqueous dispersion of rubber. the surface of said ,5 sheet oi rubber, when initially contacting with the fiaps, being sufiiciently tacky to bond to the fiaps and hold the same in parallel relationship, a portion of said sheet extending past the flaps and over a portion of one of the side walls of said carton, first removing said extending part of said sheet of rubber from the side wall of the carton and then applying tension thereto to destroy the bond between said sheet of rubber and the flaps.

13. As a. new article of manufacture, a dispensing device comprising two strips of paper tempo rarily bonded together by a sheet of rubber deposited from an aqueous dispersion of rubber, said strip of rubber being-releasable by transversely tearing the two strips of paper at one end thereof and pulling the strip of rubber from between the two strips of paper. I j

14. As a new article of manufacture, a dispensing device comprising two strips of paper temporarily bonded together by a sheet of relatively tacky rubber deposited from an aqueous dispersion of rubber, said strip of rubber being releasable by transversely tearing the two strips of paper at one end thereof and pulling the strip of rubber from between the two strips of paper whereby overlapping surfaces of the strip of released rubber will stick to each other when 1 wrapped around an article.

15. As a new article of manufacture, a laminated sheet comprising two strips of fibrous material such as paper, temporarily bonded together by a sheet of rubber deposited from an.

aqueous dispersion of rubber, said strip of rubber being releasable and said sheets of material being separated by pulling the strip of rubber and breaking the bond between said strip and said sheets of material.

16. A sealing and dispensing structure forming part of a package and the like, comprising two portions of paper forming part of a package temporarily bonded together by a sheet of rubber deposited from a wet freely fiowing coating containing rubber, said sheet of rubber being bonded sufiiciently to the two portions of paper to main- 12. The method of temporarily securing fiap' tain the package in closed sealing condition, said stripof rubberbeing releasabletobreak theseal and separate said portions of paper and open the package by breahng the bond between said sheet of rubber and said paper.

17. The method offorming, temporarily retaining and athin sheet of rubber, which comprises separately coating one surface each of two sheets of fibrous material such as paper with a wet freely flowing coating containing rubber, superimposing the coated side of one sheet of fibrous material upon the coated side of the other sheet of fibrous material, depositing the rubber from said two layers of coating as a thin memberane of rubber bonded to said two sheets of fibrous material, and then releasing the membrane of rubber and separating the two sheets by applying transverse tension to said membrane greater than the bonding action between the membrane and the material.

, 18. The method of temporarily sealing and retaining articles preparatory to dispensing, which comprises coating one surface each of two portions of sheet fibrous material such as paper with a layer of rubber, each layer of rubber being bonded to its respective portion of fibrous material, interposing one or more articles in between said layers of rubber carried by said portions of fibrous material, hermetically sealing said article or articles by bonding together the layers of rubber around each article or group of articles, and then releasing said article or articles by placing tension upon said bonded together layers of rubber greater than the bonding action between said rubber and the portions of material.

19. As a new article of manufacture, a sealing and dispensing device comprising two portions of fibrous material, such as paper, one or more articles in between said portions of material, two layers of rubber interposed between said portions of material and covering at least a portion of each side of said article or articles, said layers of rubber being bonded to each other at points around each article or group of articles to form in efiect a single layer of rubber at said points and being bonded to the two portions of material to form a hermetic seal around said article .or articles, said article or articles being dispensed by tearing the two portions of material and pulling the layer of rubber away from the material.

20. As a new article of manufacture, a sealing and dispensing device comprising two portions of fibrous material, such as paper, one or more articles in between said portions of material, two layers of rubber interposed between said portions of material and covering at least a portion of each side of said article or artlcles,'said layers of rubber being bonded to each other at points around each article or group of articles to form in effect a single layer of rubber at said points and being bonded to the two portions of material to form a seal around said article or articles to secure said article or articles in position, said article or articles being dispensed by tearing the two portions of material and pulling the layer of rubber away from the material.

G. COPEMAN.

Citada por
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Clasificaciones
Clasificación de EE.UU.206/338, 53/553, 53/411
Clasificación internacionalC08J5/00
Clasificación cooperativaC08J5/04, C08J2321/02
Clasificación europeaC08J5/04