Búsqueda Imágenes Maps Play YouTube Noticias Gmail Drive Más »
Iniciar sesión
Usuarios de lectores de pantalla: deben hacer clic en este enlace para utilizar el modo de accesibilidad. Este modo tiene las mismas funciones esenciales pero funciona mejor con el lector.

Patentes

  1. Búsqueda avanzada de patentes
Número de publicaciónUSRE35293 E
Tipo de publicaciónConcesión
Número de solicitudUS 08/405,189
Fecha de publicación9 Jul 1996
Fecha de presentación16 Mar 1995
Fecha de prioridad13 Jul 1990
También publicado comoDE69106813D1, DE69106813T2, EP0471446A1, EP0471446B1, US5215308
Número de publicación08405189, 405189, US RE35293 E, US RE35293E, US-E-RE35293, USRE35293 E, USRE35293E
InventoresAkihiko Hamada, Hidenori Hiraoka
Cesionario originalSumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet
Solid golf ball
US RE35293 E
Resumen
Disclosed is a solid golf ball containing at least one rubber portion formed from a rubber composition comprising a base rubber, a co-crosslinking agent and an organic peroxide; an improvement being present in that the base rubber is a mixture of
(A) a solid polybutadiene rubber containing cis-1,4 bonds in an amount of at least 40%, and
(B) either a liquid polybutadiene rubber or a liquid isoprene-butadiene copolymer rubber, or both.
Imágenes(3)
Previous page
Next page
Reclamaciones(8)
What is claimed is:
1. A solid golf ball containing at least one rubber portion formed from a rubber composition comprising a base rubber, a co-crosslinking agent and an organic peroxide; an improvement being present in that said base rubber is a mixture of
(A) a solid polybutadiene rubber containing cis -1,4 bonds in an amount of at least 40%, and having a Moooney viscosity (ML.sub.1+4 100 of .[.45.]. .Iadd.43 .Iaddend.to 90 and a ratio of weight average molecular weight/number average molecular weight (Mx/Mn) of 4.0 or less; and
(B) either a liquid polybutadiene rubber or a liquid isoprene-butadiene copolymer rubber, or both.
2. The solid golf ball according to claim 1 wherein said liquid rubber component (B) has a number average molecular weight of 1,000 to 50,000.
3. The solid golf ball according to claim 1 wherein said liquid rubber component (B) does not have carboxyl groups at the terminals of the molecule.
4. The solid golf ball according to claim 1 wherein a weight ratio of polybutadiene component (A)/liquid rubber component (B) is within the range of 98/2 to 72/25.
5. The solid golf ball according to claim 1 wherein said co-crosslinking agent is acrylic acid, methacrylic acid or a divalent metal salt thereof.
6. The solid golf ball according to claim 1 wherein an amount of the co-crosslinking agent is within in the range of 15 to 60 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the base rubber.
7. The solid golf ball according to claim 1 wherein said organic peroxide includes dicumyl peroxide, 1,1-bis(t-butylperoxy)-3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexane, 2,5-dimethyl-2, 5-di(t-butylperoxy)hexane or di-t-butylperoxide.
8. The solid golf ball according to claim 1 wherein said organic peroxide is present in the rubber composition in an amount of 0.3 to 3.0 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the base rubber.
Descripción
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a golf ball, particularly a one-piece solid golf ball.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Golf balls are classified into two types. One is thread wound golf balls which comprise a thread wound core and a cover covering the core, and the other is solid golf balls, e.g. one-piece solid golf balls which are integrally composed of rubber and two solid golf balls which are composed of a rubber core and a cover thereon.

The solid golf balls contain at least one rubber portion. The rubber portion has been prepared from a rubber composition which mainly contains as base rubber butadiene rubber or a mixture of butadiene rubber and the other rubber (e.g. natural rubber and isoprene rubber). The base rubbers, however, have some problems in processability (for example, mixing process or extruding process), thus resulting in poor production efficiency. These problems are more serious when a polybutadiene having high Mooney viscosity or narrow molecular weight distribution is used to improve the physical properties of golf balls.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The inventors have found that a rubber composition containing as a base rubber a mixture of a solid polybutadiene rubber and a specific liquid polybutadiene rubber significantly improves the processability and surprisingly enhances the physical properties of the resulting solid golf balls (e.g. durability, impact resilience, hit feeling and the like). Accordingly the present invention is directed to a solid golf ball containing at least one rubber portion formed from a rubber composition comprising a base rubber, a co-crosslinking agent and an organic peroxide; an improvement being present in that the base rubber is a mixture of

(A) a solid polybutadiene rubber containing cis-1,4 bonds in an amount of at least 40%, and

(B) either a liquid polybutadiene rubber or a liquid isoprene-butadiene copolymer rubber, or both.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The polybutadiene rubber (A) employed in the present invention is solid at room temperature and contains cis-1,4-bonds in an amount of at least 40%, preferably at least 80%. If the content of the cis-1,4 bonds is less than 40%, impact resilience is poor. Among the solid polybutadiene rubber (A), it is preferred that the solid polybutadiene rubber (A) has a high Mooney viscosity or a narrow or sharp molecular weight distribution, especially a Mooney viscosity (ML.sub.1+4 100 weight average molecular weight/number average molecular weight (Mw/Mn) of 4.0 or less. The preferred solid polybutadiene (A) exhibits superior technical effects when combined with the liquid rubber component (B). The polybutadiene (A) is commercially available in the tradenames of Ubepole BR 150 L or Ubepole BR 360L (both Ube Industries, Ltd.), BUNA CB 22 or BUNA CB 10 (both Bayer AG) and the like.

The rubber component (B) employed in the present invention is either a liquid polybutadiene rubber or a liquid isoprene-butadiene copolymer rubber, or both. The term "liquid" means that the rubber is flowable at room temperature. The liquid rubber component (B) preferably has a number average molecular weight of 1,000 to 50,000. Molecular weights outside the range deteriorate compression and impact resilience of the resulting golf balls or have poor processability. The liquid isoprene-butadiene copolymer rubber preferably contains at least 50% by weight of the butadiene component. If the isoprene component is more than 50% by weight, crosslinking efficiency is poor and the physical properties of the obtained rubber are poor. The rubber component (B) is commercially available, for example the liquid polybutadiene is available from Nippon Oil Co., Ltd. as Nisseki Polybutadiene B-3000 and the liquid isoprene-butadiene copolymer rubber is available from Kuraray Co., Ltd. as Kuraprene LIR-390.

In the base rubber, it is preferred that a weight ratio of the polybutadiene component (A)/ the liquid rubber component (B) is within the range of 98/2 to 75/25, more preferably 95/5 to 80/20. If the liquid rubber component (B) is less than 2 parts, the technical effects of the present invention are not attained. If it is more than 25 parts, the obtained rubber composition is sticky and adversely makes processability poor.

The base rubber of the present invention is mainly composed of the above mentioned two rubber components (A) and (B), but other diene rubbers, such as EPDM, styrenebutadiene rubber, polyisoprene rubber, natural rubber and the like may be added thereto if necessary. The other diene rubber may be present in the base rubber in an amount of 40% by weight or less.

The co-crosslinking agent of the present invention can be unsaturated carboxylic acids or metal salts thereof. Examples of the unsaturated carboxylic acids and metal salts thereof are acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and divalent metal salts thereof (e.g. zinc salts), and mixtures thereof. An amount of the co-crosslinking agent is within the range of 15 to 60 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the base rubber. The organic peroxide of the present invention can be anyone which is used in this field as polymerization initiator, including dicumyl peroxide, 1,1-bis(t-butyl-peroxy)-3, 3,5-trimethylcyclohexane, 2,5-dimethyl-2,5-di(t-butylperoxy)hexane, di-t-butylperoxide and the like. Preferred is dicumyl peroxide. The organic peroxide may be present in the rubber composition in an amount of 0.3 to 3.0 parts by weight, preferably 1.0 to 2.5 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the base rubber.

The rubber composition of the present invention may further contain fillers to control the specific gravity of the resulting golf balls. Typical examples of the fillers are zinc oxide, barium sulfate, calcium carbonate silicate hydrate and the like. The rubber composition also contains antioxidants, chain transfer agents, stabilizers and the like to enhance the performances of the resulting golf balls.

The rubber composition of the present invention can be prepared by mixing the above mentioned components, using a roll, a kneader, a Banbury mixer and the like. Mixing temperature and time are known in the art.

The solid golf balls of the present invention may be obtained by vulcanizing the rubber composition in a mold and optionally covering it with a cover material (e.g. ionomer resin). Vulcanization may be generally conducted at a temperature of 140 minutes.

The rubber composition of the present invention can be easily processed or treated by mixing the polybutadiene rubber with the specific liquid rubber component (B). It is surprisingly that the golf balls obtained from the rubber composition have excellent impact durability and hit feeling.

EXAMPLES

The present invention is illustrated by the following Examples which, however, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention to their details.

EXAMPLES 1-7 and COMPARATIVE EXAMPLES 1 and 2

A rubber composition was prepared from the ingredients shown in Table 1, using a kneader and a roller, and then vulcanized in a mold at 168 C. for 25 minutes to obtain a one-piece solid golf ball. The processability of the rubber composition was determined and the result is shown in Table 1.

The resulting golf ball was subjected to a measurement of physical properties (ball weight, compression, impact durability and hit feeling) and the results are shown in Table 1.

                                  TABLE 1__________________________________________________________________________Rubber composition          Examples                     Comp. Ex.(parts by weight)          1    2   3   4   5   6   7   1    2__________________________________________________________________________Ubepol BR 150L*.sup.1          98   90  80  90  80  --  --  100  --Ubepol BR 360L*.sup.2          --   --  --  --  --  90  80  --   100Kuraprene LIR-390*.sup.3          2    10  20  --  --  10  20  --   --Nisseki Polybutadiene B-3000*.sup.4          --   --  --  10  20  --  --  --   --Zinc oxide     25   25  25  25  25  25  25  25   25Methacrylic acid          25   25  25  25  25  25  25  25   25Dicumyl peroxide          1.0  1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0  1.0Antioxidant    0.15 0.15                   0.15                       0.15                           0.15                               0.15                                   0.15                                       0.15 0.15Processability*.sup.5          Good Very                   Very                       Very                           Very                               Very                                   Very                                       Poor Poor               good                   good                       good                           good                               good                                   goodBall weight (g)          45.3 45.3                   45.2                       45.3                            45.2                               45.3                                   45.2                                       45.4 45.4Compression*.sup.6          100  101 100 98  97  102 101 100  101Impact durability*.sup.7          109  120 130 131 142 125 135 100  105Hit feeling*.sup.8          Normal               Good                   Good                       Good                           Good                               Good                                   Good                                       Normal                                            Normal__________________________________________________________________________ *.sup.1 High cispolybutadiene rubber having a Mooney viscosity (ML.sub.1+ 100 sis1,4-bond of about 95% and a number average molecular weight of 210,000 available from Ube Industries, Ltd. *.sup.2 High cispolybutadiene rubber having a Mooney viscosity (ML.sub.1+ 100 sis1,4-bond of about 95% and a number average molecular weight of 250,000 available from Ube Industries, Ltd. *.sup.3 Isoprene-butadiene copolymer liquid rubber having a number averag molecular weight of 35,000, and a butadiene content of 80% by weight, available from Kuraray Co., Ltd. *.sup.4 Liquid polybutadiene rubber having a number average molecular weight of 3,000, available from Nippon Oil Co., Ltd. *.sup.5 Processability was evaluated with roll winding condition, dispersibility of components, stock surface condition after rolling and stock surface condition after rubberextruding. Very good: all items (i.e. roll winding condition, dispersibility of components, stock surface condition after rolling and stock surface condition after rubberextruding is good. Good: Roll winding condition dispersibility of components and stock surface condition after rolling are good, but stock surface is slightly rough after rubberextruding. Poor: Roll winding condition is ver poor when a rubber temperature is elevated. The surface after rubber extruding is like pine cones even if it is extruded at low speed. *.sup.6 Compression is determined by PGA rules. It is expressed as an index when Comparative Example 1 is set 100. The larger is harder. *.sup.7 A golf ball is repeatedly struck with an impact panel at a speed of 45 m/s until the ball was broken out. Number of strikes is expressed a an indes when that of Comparative Example 1 is 100. The larger the more durable. *.sup.8 An average of hit feeling with drivers of two men professional golfers, one woman professional golfer and three top amateur golfers with a handicap of 3 to 8.

The invention being thus described, it will be obvious that the same may be varied in many ways. Such variations are not to be regarded as a departure from the spirit and scope of the invention, and all such modifications as would be obvious to one skilled in the art are intended to be included within the scope of the following claims.

Citas de patentes
Patente citada Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US2638460 *2 Ene 195112 May 1953Phillips Petroleum CoButadiene polymers as elastomer additives
US2721185 *2 Ene 195118 Oct 1955Phillips Petroleum CoVulcanized liquid polymers as rubber plasticizers
US2877200 *24 Dic 195310 Mar 1959Phillips Petroleum CoProcess of plasticizing high mooney synthetic rubber with a low mooney synthetic rubber
US3240844 *12 Mar 196215 Mar 1966Phillips Petroleum CoDiene elastomers cured with mercaptoterminated liquid diene polymer
US3281389 *12 Dic 196225 Oct 1966Columbian CarbonProcessing of cis polybutadiene rubber by compounding with liquid polybutadienes
US3919133 *27 Mar 197411 Nov 1975Inst Francais Du PetroleVulcanizable compositions and the vulcanized compositions obtained therefrom
US4683257 *11 Jun 198628 Jul 1987Bridgestone CorporationRubber compositions for solid golf balls
US4770422 *1 Nov 198513 Sep 1988Acushnet CompanyComposition for making durable golf balls and other products
US4974852 *26 Dic 19894 Dic 1990Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.One-piece solid golf ball
US5096201 *7 Sep 199017 Mar 1992Bridgestone CorporationSolid golf ball
AU546253A * Título no disponible
CA684622A *21 Abr 1964Oliver W Burke JrPolymer blends and their production
GB2139101A * Título no disponible
JPS6094434A * Título no disponible
JPS60182969A * Título no disponible
JPS61196980A * Título no disponible
Otras citas
Referencia
1 *Science and Technology of Rubber published by Academic Press under the auspices of the Rubber Div. Am. Chm. Soc. Chapt. 7, Vulcanization.
2Science and Technology of Rubber published by Academic Press under the auspices of the Rubber Div.-Am. Chm. Soc. Chapt. 7, Vulcanization.
Citada por
Patente citante Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US61800402 Sep 199830 Ene 2001Acushnet CompanyMethod of forming a golf ball core
US62779206 Ene 199921 Ago 2001Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Golf ball cores formed from ultra-high mooney viscosity butadiene rubber
US62907972 Abr 199918 Sep 2001Acushnet CompanyProcess for making multi-layer core golf balls
US631568411 Ago 199913 Nov 2001Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Golf ball with soft core
US632573011 Ago 19994 Dic 2001Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Golf ball with soft core
US637661222 Ene 200023 Abr 2002Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Golf ball
US63949157 Ene 199928 May 2002Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Golf ball cores formed from blends of neodymium and cobalt synthesized high molecular weight butadiene rubber
US641317211 Ago 20002 Jul 2002Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Golf ball with soft core
US641959410 Mar 200016 Jul 2002Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Distance multi-layer golf ball
US642295322 Ene 200023 Jul 2002Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Golf ball
US673998517 May 200225 May 2004Callaway Golf CompanyGolf ball cores formed from blends of neodymium and cobalt synthesized high molecular weight butadiene rubber
Clasificaciones
Clasificación de EE.UU.473/372, 273/DIG.10, 525/193, 473/371, 525/315, 525/236, 260/998.14, 524/908, 525/237, 524/483
Clasificación internacionalA63B37/04, C08L9/00, A63B37/00
Clasificación cooperativaY10S273/10, Y10S524/908, A63B37/0003, C08L2205/02, C08K5/09, A63B37/0052, C08L9/00, C08K5/0025, C08K5/14
Clasificación europeaC08L9/00, A63B37/00G
Eventos legales
FechaCódigoEventoDescripción
19 May 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: RICOH PRINTING SYSTEMS, LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HITACHI, LTD.;REEL/FRAME:016256/0333
Effective date: 20050427
16 May 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: SRI SPORTS LIMITED, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.;REEL/FRAME:016561/0471
Effective date: 20050511