|Número de publicación||USRE39303 E1|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Número de solicitud||US 09/584,477|
|Fecha de publicación||19 Sep 2006|
|Fecha de presentación||1 Jun 2000|
|Fecha de prioridad||19 Jun 1996|
|También publicado como||US5760819|
|Número de publicación||09584477, 584477, US RE39303 E1, US RE39303E1, US-E1-RE39303, USRE39303 E1, USRE39303E1|
|Inventores||Richard E. Sklar, Lawrence E. Girard, Ralph P. Phillipp|
|Cesionario original||Rockwell Collins|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (10), Otras citas (2), Citada por (2), Clasificaciones (11), Eventos legales (2)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
The present invention relates generally to in-flight aircraft entertainment systems, and more particularly, to a satellite television system that distributes a large number of live television programs to passengers of an aircraft by way of direct broadcast satellite.
The assignee of the present invention manufactures in-flight aircraft entertainment systems, such as an APAX-150 digital passenger entertainment system, for example. The APAX-150 system, along with other commercially available systems, distributes audio and video material to passengers derived from a variety of sources. For example, existing aircraft passenger entertainment systems provide passengers with audio generated from audio tape players, movies derived from video tape players, and interactive services such as games, shopping and telecommunications. With the exception of telecommunication services (air-to-ground telephone calls, etc), all existing services utilize on-board sources (tape players, etc.) to provide the viewable content.
According to polls of airline passengers, there is strong interest in live television programming as an entertainment option. This may include news, sporting events, movies and regular commercial programming. Up to now, each airplane has been a closed, self-contained content provider, in the sense that once off the ground, all entertainment is generated from within the aircraft. This has precluded the offering of live television. Now, with the advance in live broadcast satellite technology, it is possible to provide this desired service to the flying passenger.
An article was published by Jim C. Williams entitled “Airborne Satellite Television” published in the Fourth Quarter 1994 issue of Avion magazine at pages 43 54 that generally describes the concepts of the present invention. Another article in the same magazine entitled “MPEG The Great Enabler” describes MPEG compression technology which is used in the DirectTV digital broadcast satellite system to transmit multiple video and audio channels from a ground station to satellite transponders which relay them to ground-based receivers where they are decoded and displayed. These articles are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.
The articles provide a description of the digital broadcast satellite system and its operation. The “Airborne Satellite Television” article also describes adapting the digital broadcast satellite system to provide live television broadcasts to aircraft. However, while a description is provided regarding a possible system that could be implemented and the problems that needed to be overcome to implement such a system were discussed, no details of an actual system were provided, such as system or component block diagrams, for example. In fact, the article states that a working system was to be developed in the future. The present invention is such a system.
Accordingly, it is an objective of the present invention to provide for a satellite television system that distributes a large number of live television programs to passengers of an aircraft by way of direct broadcast satellite.
To meet the above and other objectives, the present invention is a satellite television system that provides live television programming to passengers using direct broadcast satellite (DBS) services. The present invention combines direct broadcast satellite and audio and video entertainment technologies to provide aircraft passengers with live in-flight television programming. Copending patent application Ser. No. 08/667,222, filed Jun. 19, 1996, entitled “Airborne Satellite Television System” assigned to the assignee of the present invention, describes systems that provide live television programming derived from a direct broadcast satellite system to a passenger aircraft.
The present invention extends the technology disclosed in this copending application to provide distribution of the live television programming within an aircraft to each passenger seat, where each passenger may individually select from among many (approximately 150) channels. Unlike a home environment, where a single person may select from all available programs while viewing only one at a time, the aircraft environment is similar to a large group of individual homes, where each person has a system. Including antenna and decoder. In the aircraft, however, it is not practical to duplicate these elements for each passenger. The present invention addresses this problem.
Passengers are desirous of having live television available at their seat. Also, they would like to select from a large number of television programs. A low-cost system described in the above-identified copending patent application, is not suitable for distributing multiple channels to each passenger because the receiver/decoder of this system contains a single circuit to receive and process a single television channel. That system, while suitable for distributing a single channel to a low-cost overhead monitor system, would require as many of these circuits as there are channels to be made available, which are approximately 150 in the case of the DirectTV system. In addition, the video and audio outputs of each of these multitude of circuits would have to be distributed to the passengers individually, a task not practical given the limited bandwidth of the distribution systems installed in commercial aircraft for this purpose.
The present invention provides for a satellite television system that distributes live television service to each passenger without the need to duplicate all of the receiver circuitry. Furthermore, the present invention distributes all television channels of the direct broadcast satellite system to each passenger using currently available aircraft entertainment distribution systems.
More specifically, the satellite television system comprises an antenna that is disposed on the aircraft and pointed at a plurality of satellites that are part of a direct broadcast satellite system. The antenna is controlled by an antenna controller and antenna interface unit that send control signals and process status signals to steer the antenna. The antenna is steered so that it is locked onto RF signals transmitted by the satellites. The antenna interface unit downconverts the received RF signals to provide left hand circularly polarized RF signals and right hand circularly polarized RF signals that contain different sets of television channels. The downconverted RF signals are processed by a single receiver to provide encoded video and audio signals comprising a plurality of television channels. The receiver does not decode or D/A convert the downconverted signals.
The encoded video and audio signals containing the plurality of channels are modulated in a modulator, which also is used as a combiner to modulate signals derived from other video and audio sources, such as video and audio tape players. The modulated and encoded video and audio signals containing the plurality of channels are routed to a video and audio distribution system that distributes the encoded video and audio signals to each passenger's seat. Seat electronics circuitry is located at each passenger's seat that contains a demodulator, decoder, digital to analog converter and a tuner. The seat electronics circuitry demodulates, decodes and A/D converts the modulated and encoded video and audio signals into signals that may be viewed and heard by the passenger at that seat.
The various features and advantages of the present invention may be more readily understood with reference to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals designate like structural elements, and in which:
Referring to the drawing figures,
The satellite television system 10 comprises an antenna 11 that is disposed adjacent the surface of the aircraft. The antenna 11 is pointed at satellites 18, such as DirectTV satellites 18, for example, that are part of the existing DirectTV direct broadcast satellite (DBS) system. The antenna 11 is steered so that it is locked onto the RF signal transmitted by the satellite 18. The antenna 11 is controlled by an antenna controller 17 that sends control signals and processes status signals to and from the antenna 11 by way of an antenna interface unit 12. However, it is to be understood that the antenna 11 may be an electronically steered antenna 11 or a mechanically steered antenna 11. The antenna interface unit 12 downconverts received MPEG encoded (compressed) RF signals to provide left hand circularly polarized RF signals and right hand circularly polarized RF signals that contain different sets of ended television channels. The received encoded (compressed) RF signals are in the 12.2-12.7 GHz band which are downconverted to IF signals in the 950-1450 MHz band.
The downconverted encoded IF signals are processed by a receiver 13, which does not decode or D/A convert them, to produce encoded video and audio signals corresponding to a plurality of encoded television channels. The encoded (compressed) video and audio signals are modulated by a modulator 19, which also is used as a combiner, to modulate signals derived from other video and audio sources, such as video and audio tape players. The modulated and encoded video and audio signals are then routed to an in-seat video and audio distribution system 14 which distributes them to each passenger's seat.
Seat electronics circuitry 50 is located at each passenger's seat that contains a demodulator 53. MPEG decoder 54 and digital to analog converters 55 (described in detail with reference to FIG. 5). The seat electronics circuitry 50 demodulates, decodes and converts the modulated and encoded video and audio signals into signals that may be viewed and heard by the passenger at that seat by way of a display 51 and head phones 52. A tuner 57 and game hardware 58 may be provided as part of the seat electronics circuitry 50.
In operation, the receiver serves to receive IF signal from the antenna 11, but does not provide MPEG decoding or digital-to-analog conversion processes. The output of the receiver 13, rather than a baseband video and analog audio output representing a single television program, includes of two serial data streams, one for each polarization. These MPEG-encoded data streams include all of the live television programming provided by the satellites 18.
The encoded data streams are applied to the RF modulator 19 along with signals from other entertainment sources such as video and audio regarding safety announcements or digital game data, for example. All of these signals are separately modulated and combined onto a single carrier. The resulting signal is distributed to the passengers by means of the in-seat video and audio distribution system 14, which may be an APAX-150 distribution system made by Hughes-Avicom International, for example.
At each passenger seat or seat group, the signal is processed by the seat electronics circuitry 50 wherein it is demodulated and processed appropriately according to individual signal type. For example, the baseband video and audio from video tape players may be applied to a tuner 57 and converted to a form appropriate for use by the seat's display 51 and the passenger's headphones 52. Game data is properly processed and applied to game hardware 58 to allow its use by the passenger. In the case of MPEG-encoded live television data streams, the subject of the present invention, the MPEG decoder 54 and digital-to-analog converters 55 located within the seat electronics circuitry 50 process the signals and generate baseband video and analog audio for use by the passengers. Since all television channels received from the satellites 18 are contained within the data streams, each passenger can select any particular channel, without affecting other passengers.
Thus, a satellite television system that distributes a large number of live television programs to passengers of an aircraft by way of direct broadcast satellite has been disclosed.
Furthermore the present invention also provides for a method of distributing a large number of television programs derived from satellites of a direct broadcast satellite system to each passenger on an aircraft. This is self-evident from, and readily understandable by, those skilled in the art from a reading of the present specification.
It is to be understood that the described embodiment is merely illustrative of some of the many specific embodiments which represent applications of the principles of the present invention. Clearly, numerous and varied other arrangements may be readily devised by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US4866515 *||26 Ene 1988||12 Sep 1989||Sony Corporation||Passenger service and entertainment system for supplying frequency-multiplexed video, audio, and television game software signals to passenger seat terminals|
|US5146234 *||8 Sep 1989||8 Sep 1992||Ball Corporation||Dual polarized spiral antenna|
|US5289272 *||18 Feb 1992||22 Feb 1994||Hughes Aircraft Company||Combined data, audio and video distribution system in passenger aircraft|
|US5463656 *||29 Oct 1993||31 Oct 1995||Harris Corporation||System for conducting video communications over satellite communication link with aircraft having physically compact, effectively conformal, phased array antenna|
|US5495258 *||1 Sep 1994||27 Feb 1996||Nicholas L. Muhlhauser||Multiple beam antenna system for simultaneously receiving multiple satellite signals|
|US5524272 *||22 Dic 1993||4 Jun 1996||Gte Airfone Incorporated||Method and apparatus for distributing program material|
|US5555466 *||12 Oct 1994||10 Sep 1996||Asa Electronics Corporation||Vehicular audio/visual system having distribution box for connecting individual passenger monitors to multiple program sources|
|US5568484 *||22 Dic 1994||22 Oct 1996||Matsushita Avionics Systems Corporation||Telecommunications system and method for use on commercial aircraft and other vehicles|
|US5678171 *||8 May 1996||14 Oct 1997||Nippon Hoso Kyokai||Mobile receiver for satellite broadcast during flight|
|EP0570198A2 *||11 May 1993||18 Nov 1993||Hughes Aircraft Company||Video distribution for aircraft entertainment|
|1||Jim Williams, "Airborne Satellite Television", Avion Magazine, Fourth Quarter, 1994, pp. 43-45, 48, 50-52, 54.|
|2||Jim Williams, "MPEG-The Great Enabler", Avion Magazine, Fourth Quarter, 1994, pp. 48, 50-52, 54.|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US7675461||9 Mar 2010||Rockwell Collins, Inc.||System and method for displaying radar-estimated terrain|
|US8049644||17 Abr 2007||1 Nov 2011||Rcokwell Collins, Inc.||Method for TAWS depiction on SVS perspective displays|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||725/76, 725/69, 342/363, 343/757, 725/72|
|Clasificación internacional||H04N7/20, H04N7/18|
|Clasificación cooperativa||H04N7/18, H04N7/20|
|Clasificación europea||H04N7/20, H04N7/18|
|4 Ene 2010||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|30 May 2010||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|