|Número de publicación||WO1990000021 A1|
|Tipo de publicación||Solicitud|
|Número de solicitud||PCT/HU1989/000032|
|Fecha de publicación||11 Ene 1990|
|Fecha de presentación||28 Jun 1989|
|Fecha de prioridad||28 Jun 1988|
|También publicado como||EP0378637A1|
|Número de publicación||PCT/1989/32, PCT/HU/1989/000032, PCT/HU/1989/00032, PCT/HU/89/000032, PCT/HU/89/00032, PCT/HU1989/000032, PCT/HU1989/00032, PCT/HU1989000032, PCT/HU198900032, PCT/HU89/000032, PCT/HU89/00032, PCT/HU89000032, PCT/HU8900032, WO 1990/000021 A1, WO 1990000021 A1, WO 1990000021A1, WO 9000021 A1, WO 9000021A1, WO-A1-1990000021, WO-A1-9000021, WO1990/000021A1, WO1990000021 A1, WO1990000021A1, WO9000021 A1, WO9000021A1|
|Inventores||Ferenc Szentes, Imre Somorjai, Ferenc Zubonyai|
|Solicitante||Inno-Ker Innovációs-Vállalkozási És Kereskedelemszervezési Kisszövetkezet|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (7), Citada por (8), Clasificaciones (5), Eventos legales (5)|
|Enlaces externos: Patentscope, Espacenet|
The invention relates to a footwear having two soles lying above each other, while two layers enclose a cavity containing a predetermined medium.
Healthy people are staying in the most part of their working time, the more, during their free-time and while changing the position, arising weight is transferred in its entirety to the feet, as a consequence, a most important requirement lies in that the foot should wear a footwear, which accomodates optimally to the peculiar features of the foot in any given position.
A properly designed footwear does oo-t-Orriy treat carefully the foot itself, but exerts an advantageous iπ- fluence onto the ankle, knees, load on joints, spinal column, the neck and the enclosing muscles. In technical literature dealing with sanitary matters several data stay at disposal clearing the reasons of locomotor diseases which can be led back to wearing inproper footwear, so e.g. wearing iπ- proper footwear may cause even vascular diseases.
The foot of people, mainly the whole leg, is sub¬ jected considerably to dynamic load in course of running, mainly in course of any sporting activity.
Magnitude of the load having been exerted onto the foot resp. leg depends mainly of the process of load transfer. If load is transferred onto the foot within a short time, in a shock-like manner, the effect may be harmful for the foot, leg and joints. Such a process of load transfer is taking place, when somebody is running on a hard soil, or wearing some footwear with a hard sole and running with an uπproportionally high speed. Medical practice leads back sudden occurence of vascular diseases to dynamic loads of the a orementioned character. To a certain extent a better situation may be achieved, if load is transferred gradually onto the feet and joints. Such a state occurs, if one is running on a softer surface, e.g. on a carpet, fine grass.
Load acting on the foot, however, on the joints will be considerably influenced by the fact, which part of the sole and to which extent is partaking in the single phases of load transfer. From this point of view conditions app- roaching ideal can be observed, if we are going, running or walking on a soft sand, o"π bare feet and with different intensities .
Summing up what has been said, the less load will be exerted on the foot, joints and spinal column and muscles, respectively, if load is transferred onto the sole gradually and not in a shock-like manner and we pro¬ vide for the fact that the possibly largest surface of the sole should receive the load and parts should be subjected to the load always in a proper time.
Unfortunately, we cannot chose quality of the soil we are walking or running on, accordingly, the construc¬ tion of the footwear we are wearing must have a design which seems to be the most suitable for meeting said requi¬ rements. It can be stated that generally known footwears do not meet these requirements.
Footwears have been known with which the sole is made of some elastic material, e.g. rubber or some synthet¬ ic material. A sole made of such an elastic material is reducing the extent of shock-like load of the foot, however, the drawback of said design lies in that it does not accαmo- date properly to the shape of the sole surface. Footwears used to be produced in large series, having the character of mass production, so no possibility is given to assure compliance with individual differences. Footwears used to be averaged on basis of serially taken measurements, it is impossible to consider further individual differenc¬ es within a range of sizes having been gained by averaging in course of production on plant level.
It has been tried to prepare the sole-part of footwear from superimposed members built-together and laid on each other. Such a solution is described in the German Patent DE-AS 2 924 716. Single members are made of hard and/or flexible materials, or one of the parts may be arranged as an insole on the other one. Due to the considerable variety of human soles, the solution was un¬ able to assure ideal position of the sole, as a consequence, the solution could not be applied in a wide circle.
Soles for footwears have been also known, with which a closed cavity is formed between two elastic ma¬ terials and a fluidum is contained in said cavity.
An example for this solution is given in the Pa¬ tent US-PS 4,342,157, specifying a hollow cavity in the sole. With this solution the cavity contains a cushion having been filled partly with a liquid. As a matter of fact this cushion is but a hose, having thin flexible and elastic, not-porous walls, which are accomodating to the sides of the cavity. So about 70 to 95 % of the cushion is filled with pressurized liquid, optionally gas under pressure may be introduced above the the liquid layer The drawback of said solution lies in that walking becomes iπstable .
In the Patent US-PS 4,445,204 a shoe is specified the sole-part of which contained elongated cells. The ceils contain liquid, air or any other suitable fluidum, the flow is controlled by means of check-valves. In addition to the complicated realization it shows the same deficiencies, as the previous one, wearing results in an unsure and wobbling walk.
The US-PS 4,472,890 describes a solution, with which the cavity formed in the shoe-sole receives a cushion filled partly with a liquid, the cushion is made of an elastic, non-porous material and has thin walls. The hose contains pressurized liquid. However, this solu¬ tion is far better for transferring force effects, than the previous ones, one is confronted with difficulties in course of production and use, and these problems could not be solved up to now.
The British Patent GB-PS 1 525 476 specifies an insole, consisting of two parts made of some flexible material and inbetween there is some liquid, so e.g. water. The insole is divided into four parts separated from each other, the single fields do not communicate with each other. Pressure of water can be adjusted to the desired height. Problems are identical with the pre¬ viously described ones.
The German Patent Specification DE-OS 2 809 011 describes sporting shoes provided with an air cell with a check-valve. In respect to the entirety of the sole sur¬ face the solution with the air cell cannot be considered as a solution of full value, deficiency does not need any explanation.
In the EPA-Patent 0 122 985 a shoe is specified which is crossed by a channel containing pressurized air; deficiency of the solution lies in that in respect to the entirety of the sole possibility of safe walking is not given. Patent specifications US-PS 4,392,104 and US-PS 4,462,171 relate to footwears with double-walled sole. With both solutions there is air in the channels between the lower and upper sole-part, the pressure of air is regulated by means of valves. These solutions require most complicated conditions of manufacturing, they do not yield stability, sense of safety in course of moving, accordingly they did not spread in a wide circle .
Out of known footwear types the enumerated solutions approach more or less ideal support, however, they have several disadvantageous features preventing general application. A common deficiency lies in that the layer confining the cavity on the top is of the same thickness on the sole surface, elasticity does not meet requirements, it is unable to take up the shape of the sole-surface with the desired quickness and completely. Another deficiency lies in, in so far as surfacial parts of the two layers facing each other are sliding easily on one another on effect of sliding force components, as a consequence, the person using the footwear has the sence of uncertainity . Connection between the two layers having been fixed to each other gets torn after a short use, as the two layers lying on each other, sliding fre¬ quently and relatively to a large extent, are subjected to a considerable load, as a consequence glued material parts get torn apart. Now, if in this case air is used ' as fluidum, the mass of air under overpressure leaves the cavity. A further drawback lies in that on effect of increased load the air gets in a compressed state, frequently to such an extent that the aim set cannot be reached any¬ more .
A further common disadvantageous feature of the known footwears of the specified character lies in that both in the loaded and unloaded state they hold the foot either too tightly or unmotivatedly loosely. In case of loose enclosure, mainly in course of sporting acti¬ vities, the foot if not at all supported properly by the footwear and on the soil, while in a tight state the footwear strangles the arteries of the foot, even in an unloaded state. It can be considered as an ideal con¬ dition, if in the unloaded state blood circulation in the veins is unhindered, if work is performed, blood may circulate freely in the veins always, if e.g. the foot gets in an unloaded state in course of walking or running.
The aim of the invention is to develop a foot- wear, which enables that sole-surface of the foot should bear up against the sole-part of the footwear in an ideal way in course of load resp. use; the person wearing the shoe should always feel the stable support for the foot and the veins in the surrounding body parts might be compressed on the worst in the timely periods of loading.
Accordingly, the invention relates to a foot¬ wear having a sole-part made of an elastic material, form- ed as a double layer - a lower and an upper layer -, while between the two layers there is a space forming a cavity having been filled with a material of the liquid phase; the solution can be characterized in that the double sole of the footwear forms one single undivided closed space stretching oneself in the full length of the sole. At least one of the double layers is formed so, that on the points of force arising in course of static and/or dynamic loading of the sole of the foot - so in the enviroment of the heels, the striated musculature and expediently in the range of pad of the toes - there is a thickened and/or hardened layer, additionally, at least on a part or on the whole of one of the double layers guide ribs and notches are formed promoting and/or inhibiting the flow of the enclosed inflexible material of liquid phase according to a predetermined systematical order.
With a preferred embodiment of the invention, with the footwear the guiding ribs and/or notches are curves recurring in itselves and/or labyrinth curves and/or any other deflecting means, wherein the mutual distance between the points of loading is the possibly less .
With a further preferable embodiment of the footwear according to the invention, if the liquid space of the footwear-sole having been formed as a double layer is connected with the doper part of the shoe, also formed with a double layer, expediently with the leg of the shoe.
It is considered as advantageous, if the closed space-part having been formed in the leg of the shoe is formed as a pipe system of channel system, separated partly or completely, communicates with the liquid space of the footwear-sole formed as a double layer.
It is also considered as advantageous, if the footwear according to the invention is formed so, that at least one of the double-layered sole of the footwear is interconnected partly or completely with an elastic synthetic material, eventually with closed cells, or with any similar material.
In accordance with the invention, a further em¬ bodiment of the footwear can be characterized in that the ribs formed on one of the soles of the footwear are reali- zed so as to fit into the notches. The embodiment is considered also as advantage¬ ous, with which the treading surface of the sole of the footwear is formed with some pattern, mainly on the points of loading, made of some wear-resisteπt material with holding ribs and adherent ribs being suitable to exert reactive forces against directions of force effects,.
At last, the embodiment is considered advanta¬ geous, with which the material of liquid phase used for this purpose is a fluidum of the density 0,5 to 2 g/cm , with a viscosity depending less on temperature, so e.g. silicoπe oil or a mixture tτe_re_Qf, or any other molecu- larly fluent substance. ~~~~~
The invention will be described in detail by means of preferred embodiments serving here as examples, by the aid of the drawings enclosed, wherein:
figure 1 gives the shematical corss-sectioπ, figure 2 the cross-section of another embodiment, figure 3 shematical cross-section of a further preferred embodiment, figure 4 is also a cross-section, while figures 5, 6 and 7 give examples of details being suitable to any of the embodiments of the invention.
As it is to be seen in figure 1, the sole 1 of the foot - wear consists of an upper layer 2 and a lower layer 3, made of any suitable felxible material, elastic synthetic material or rubber, or any other atiεral with similar characteristics. The upper layer 2 and the lower layer 3 are fixed to each other - e.g. glued - in a way known in itself and so, that iπbetween a closed cavity 4 is formed. Interconnection of the upper layer 2 and the lower layer 3 can be safely solved by using some body with a clamping character and in such a manner that it forms a band 5 or any other 'Similar device surrounding the whole periphery of the sole 1 of the footwear. The sole 1 of the footwear can be fixed to the upper parts if any known way.
The upper layer 2 confining a cavity 4 may be formed with a changing thickness longitudinally, optional¬ ly transversely too. On the lower parts of the toes and under the waist part the upper layer 2 is considerably thinner, than on the other parts. Expediently skiving of the upper layer 2 on the aforementioned places can be realized by forming notches 7, next to the notches 7 ribs 8 are to be found.
It goes without saying that the notches 7 do not extend to the edge of the upper layer 2 as to achieve that the edges of the upper layer 2 and lower layer 3 in¬ tended to be interconnected should bear up against each other with a smooth surface.
Cavity 4 contains a liquid with a viscosity being higher, than the viscosity of water, material depends less on changes in temperature and density equals to 0,5 to 2 g/cm , In such a manner e.g. silicone oil, the mixture thereof or any other substance being molecularly fluent can be used for this purpose. In case, if the footwear is in • an unloaded state, the surface of the upper layer 2 covered with the insole-lining 9 is planar, while said planar surface is parallel with the surface formed with patterns, forming the treading surface of the lower layers 3. As soon as the footwear is loaded by the weight of the user, the upper part 2 moves toward the lower layer 3 and under the toes, in the part between the toe pads and the striated musculature, as well as under the heels it bears up against the lower layer 3, while the part of the upper layer 2 is bulging out upwards, namely the part lying under the toe pads, striated musculature and the heels, respectively. As a consequence, in course of the motion of the upper layer 2 and the lower layer 3 towards each other the liquid havincbeen distributed equally originally in the cavity 4 will be collected under the thinner parts of the upper layer 2 and presses these thin layers upwards. As a result the sole will be supported so as if we walked on a material of carpet - or sand character. In case, if in this state the shape of the foot changed while walking or running, simultaneously the shape of the upper layer 2 will change too and it fits completely to the sole-surface of the foot. When load is ceasing, the sole 1 of the foot¬ wear is taking up its original position.
Notches 7 may be straight or curved, or curves recurring in itselves, or labyrinth curves.
Referring to figure 2, the embodiment of the footwear to be seen here, differs in so far as from the embodiment according to figure 1, that on the inner surface of the lower layer 3 notches 7 and ribs 8 are formed. Said ribs 8 are expediently formed in the full length of the footwear and they have to fulfil a double task. One of the tasks lies in to prevent sliding of the two layers on one another, when the upper layer 2 is lying onto the lower layer 3 in the loaded state, under the effect of the force component transferred by the foot from the upper layer 2, being parallel with the longitudinal direction or cross-direction of the shoe. If along, the periphery of the upper layer 2 and the lower layer 3 reinforcement, con¬ nection of the sole 1 of the footwear tore, cracked, slip may occur. The other task lies in that with equal thickness of the sole 1 of the footwear a larger mass of liquid could be arranged in the cavity 4, as the notches 7 between the ribs 8 are also storing the liquid. With the embodiments as to be seen in figs. 1 and 2, notches 7 and ribs 8 in the upper layer 2 are arranged only in the part under .the toes and the arch of the ankle.
With the embodiment according to figure 3 under the sole-lining 9 of the upper layer 2 profiles 7a are to be found, additionally, in the parts lying next to the tracts of the upper layer 2 containing the profiles 7a, on the part facing the closed cavity 4 notches 7 and ribs 8 are formed. Ribs 8 formed and enclosed by the notches 7 prevent sliding of the surfaces of the upper layer 2 and the lower layer 3 lying on each other.
With the embodiment as shown in figure 3, below the parts of the sole-surface of the foot, on which - in an unloaded state of the foot - the upper layer 2 is bear¬ ing up against the sole-lining 9, in the surface of the lower layer 3 profiles 10 are worked out, which enable that in course of the deformation of the upper layer 2 every single part of the material should be subjected to the stretching strain, as a consequence, the material part having been subjected to the largest strain will suffer a less elongation, than the embodiment according to figs. 1 and 2, that means that the material of the upper layer 2 is loaded proportionally with the stretching strain.
As it becomes obuvious form the embodiment according to figure 4, along the periphery of the cavity 4 openings 15 are formed, through which pipes 11 extend into the upper part 6 of the footwear and communicate with the cavity 4. Essentially the pipes 11 are arranged equally along the sole 1 of the footwear and the upper part 6, i.e. along their periphery. Pipes 11 are formed with elastic walls which stretch upon the increase of inner pressure. Optionally, pipes 11 may be interconnected by horizontally arranged connecting pipes 12, accordingly, the cavity 4, the ascending pipes 11 and interconnecting pipes 12 form a continuous space which is completely filled with the liquid. Now, if upon the load transferred by the foot; the upper layer 2 of the sole 1 of the footwear approaches the lower layer 3, volume of the cavity 4 will be reduced, a part of the liquid flows from the cavity 4 into the pipes 11 and the interconnect¬ ing pipes 12, these are stretched, as a consequence, the upper part 6 will fit closer to the foot and ankle- than before, the foot is supported in a safe way. As soon as load of the foot ceases, the cavity takes up repeatedly its original shape, the part of the liquid having been pressed into the pipes 11 and interconnecting pipes 12 flows back into the cavity 4, the upper part 6 encloses the foot and the ankle in a more loose way, as a con¬ sequence, blood can flow freely in the veins.
Figures 5, 6 and 7 illustrate the sectional veew of the sole-elements of the footwear. As it becomes obvious form the figures, holding rib 13 and adhering rib 14 are formed on the treading surface. The pattern changes in dependence of loading.
The advantages of the footwear according to the invention are, as follows:
In any mods of use the sole 1 of the footwear fits completely to the whole surface of the sole in any phase of use, it supports the foot equally, independently of the shape of the sale of the foot.
On the sole surface load increases for a certain period, starting forrr. zero to the highest value, accordingly neither the foot, nor the ankle, knee, spinal column or the musculature will be subjected to shock-like loads being harmful for the health. Single points of loading are regulated in dependence of the load applied. Rolling pressure distribution following the load is fully assur¬ ed, flexibility of the sole of the footwear is well regulated.
An additional advantage lies in that the foot¬ wear encloses tightly the foot, ankle and leg, if these are subjected to load; in the unloaded state enclosing is loose, free flow of blood is prevented for a short time only. During the periods without intermediate load no loading occurs.
By using the incompressible liquid filling having a higher viscosity, than water, the person using the foot¬ wear has always the feeling that his foot is safely and steadily supported. The liquid filling does not tend to diffuse from the closed space or leave the cavity e.g. through the pores.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|DE2709478A1 *||4 Mar 1977||7 Sep 1978||Harald Biesterfeldt||Air cushion sole for shoe, boot or sandal - incorporates compartments which are inflated and which are regulated by valve|
|DE3701826A1 *||20 Ene 1987||22 Oct 1987||Shing Cheung Chow||Belueftungsvorrichtung fuer einen schuh|
|EP0062622A2 *||24 Mar 1982||13 Oct 1982||Lars Gustaf Birger Peterson||Shoe sole construction|
|GB2050145A *||Título no disponible|
|US3608215 *||16 Sep 1969||28 Sep 1971||Tatsuo Fukuoka||Footwear|
|US4016662 *||3 Ago 1976||12 Abr 1977||Charles Thompson||Shoe construction|
|US4223455 *||17 Abr 1978||23 Sep 1980||Vermeulen Jean Pierre||Shoe sole containing discrete air-chambers|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|WO2011102975A1 *||4 Feb 2011||25 Ago 2011||Nike International Ltd||Fluid-filled chamber incorporating a flexible plate|
|CN102892323A *||4 Feb 2011||23 Ene 2013||耐克国际有限公司||Fluid-filled chamber incorporating a flexible plate|
|EP2982258A1 *||4 Feb 2011||10 Feb 2016||NIKE Innovate C.V.||Fluid-filled chamber incorporating a flexible plate|
|US7254906 *||24 Feb 2003||14 Ago 2007||Kwame Morris||Foot cushioning construct and system for use in an article of footwear|
|US8590179||30 May 2013||26 Nov 2013||K-Swiss, Inc.||Shoe with protrusions and securing portions|
|US8881431||4 Feb 2013||11 Nov 2014||K-Swiss, Inc.||Shoe with protrusions and securing portions|
|US8991072||22 Feb 2010||31 Mar 2015||Nike, Inc.||Fluid-filled chamber incorporating a flexible plate|
|US9125453||28 May 2010||8 Sep 2015||K-Swiss Inc.||Shoe outsole having tubes|
|Clasificación internacional||A43B13/18, A43B, A43B13/20|
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