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Patentes

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Número de publicaciónWO2005050105 A1
Tipo de publicaciónSolicitud
Número de solicitudPCT/IB2004/052464
Fecha de publicación2 Jun 2005
Fecha de presentación17 Nov 2004
Fecha de prioridad20 Nov 2003
También publicado comoDE602004017048D1, EP1692437A1, EP1692437B1
Número de publicaciónPCT/2004/52464, PCT/IB/2004/052464, PCT/IB/2004/52464, PCT/IB/4/052464, PCT/IB/4/52464, PCT/IB2004/052464, PCT/IB2004/52464, PCT/IB2004052464, PCT/IB200452464, PCT/IB4/052464, PCT/IB4/52464, PCT/IB4052464, PCT/IB452464, WO 2005/050105 A1, WO 2005050105 A1, WO 2005050105A1, WO-A1-2005050105, WO2005/050105A1, WO2005050105 A1, WO2005050105A1
InventoresSerdar Celik, Emre Oguz, Fatih Ozkadi
SolicitanteArcelik Anonim Sirketi
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  Patentscope, Espacenet
A cooling device
WO 2005050105 A1
Resumen
This invention concerns a Stirling Cycle type cooling device (1) where a heat exchanger (7) is used to ensure the heat transfer between the cold surface (5) of the Stirling cooler (2) and the internal medium to be cooled on the one hand, and the hot surface (6) of the Stirling cooler (2) and the outer medium where the thermal energy is rejected on the other hand, without using any additional fan systems.
Reclamaciones  (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)
Claims
[001] A Cooling Device (1) comprising a Stirling cooler (2) containing a cold surface (5) ensuring the absoφtion of thermal energy from outside during the expansion of the gas contained within and a hot surface (6) ensuring the expulsion of the thermal energy outside of the system during the condensation of the gas contained within; an evaporator (3) absorbing the thermal energy present in the internal medium and containing a cooling fluid circulating through; a condenser (4) ensuring the transfer of the thermal energy absorbed inside to the external medium, and containing a cooling fluid circulating through; characterized by one or more heat exchanger (7) within which the section of the pipes coming from the evaporator (3) and/or from the condenser (4) is modified so as to allow the spreading of the cooling fluid and increase the transfer surfaces across which the heat transfer is achieved by distributing the cooling fluid to more than one flow way.
[002] A Cooling Device (1) as described in Claim 1, characterised by a heat exchanger (7) comprising a flow pipe (11) with a contact Surface (8) shaped as a semicircle so as to ensure a direct contact with the cold surface (5) or with the hot surface (6) of the Stirling cooler (2); two joining surfaces (9), ensuring a contact on both sides of the contact surface (8), obtained by bending to obtain a flat position and one or more flow channel (10) ensuring the heat transfer by means of a circulating cooling fluid.
[003] A Cooling Device (1) as described in Claims 1 and 2, characterised by a heat exchanger (7) containing one or more connection element (12) linking the section formed by the tips of the supeφosed flow pipes (11) with the pipes coming from the evaporator (3) or from the condenser (4).
[004] A Cooling Device (1) as described in Claim 3, characterised by a heat exchanger (7) incoφorating a connecting element (12) with more than one access way (entry / exit) in cases where two or more evaporators (3) are used.
[005] A Cooling Device (1) as described in Claims 1 and 2, characterised by a heat exchanger (7) obtained by supeφosing two or more flow pipes (11), combined so as to wholly envelop the cold surface (5) or the hot surface (6).
[006] A Cooling Device (1) as described in Claimsl and 2, characterised by a heat exchanger (7) with condensing effect, tightly mounted on the cold surface (5), that condenses the cooling fluid arriving from the evaporator (3) in a gaseous state, and transfers the heat taken from this fluid to the cold surface.
[007] A Cooling Device (1) as described in Claimsl and 2, characterised by a heat exchanger (7) with evaporating effect, tightly mounted on the hot surface (6), that transfers the heat generated at the hot surface(6) by evaporating the cooling fluid arriving from the condenser (4) in a liquid state.
[008] A Cooling Device (1) as described in any of the Claims above, characterised by a finned heat exchanger (13) mounted on the cold surface (5) of the Stirling cooler (2), a fan (14) blowing air to the finned heat exchanger (13), and an air channel (15) directing the air flow. [009] A Cooling Device (1) as described in any of the Claims above, characterised by a finned heat exchanger (13) mounted on the hot surface (6) of the Stirling cooler (2). [010] A Cooling Device (1) as described in any of the Claims above, characterised by a Stirling cooler (2) on which the heat exchanger (7) located on the cold surface (5) is covered by an insulating material (16). [011] A Cooling Device (1) as described in any of the Claims above, characterised by a Stirling cooler (2) on which the hot surface (6) located inside the body (20) is covered by an insulating material (16).
Descripción  (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)

Description A COOLING DEVICE

[001] This invention is about a cooling device operating with Stirling cycle type coolers.

[002] In some cooling applications preference is given to free-piston Stirling coolers with a cooling efficiency coefficient close to that of systems using compressors. Stirling coolers are characterised by a cold surface ensuring the absoφtion of thermal energy from the external medium, and a hot surface ensuring the rejection of the thermal energy by compression generated by a piston that is reciprocated by a linear engine. The cold surface absorbs the heat inside the cooler by means of a thermosiphon system, while the hot surface , by means of another thermosiphon system, rejects the absorbed energy outside the cooler. Whereas the heat exchangers are to be set on small surface areas of the cold- and hot sides of a Stirling cooler, larger areas are actually needed for these exchangers to transfer the required energy levels, so that a discrepancy may occur between the ideal surface areas for the heat exchangers and the actual areas available for this prapose. To remedy to this discrepancy, i.e. to improve the heat exchangers' function, the thermal energy inside the cooler is transferred outside by means of a fan-forced heat flow, resulting in increased energy consumption and costs.

[003] In US Patent Application US2002013488 a description is given of a cooling system operated by a Stirling cooler comprising a thermosiphon arrangement with condenser and evaporator endings, where the connection between these endings is achieved by means of one large-diameter and one small-diameter pipes.

[004] In the Japanese Patent Application JP2003075000 a description is given of a heat exchanger mounted on a Stirling cooler, absorbing the thermal energy through its cold surface, and containing a cooling fluid flowing in a hollow region of its body, and cooling fins.

[005] The aim of this invention is the realisation of a cooling device in which the heat exchange between the cold surface of the Stirling cooler, the inner medium of the device, the hot surface of the Stirling cooler, and the external medium where the energy is expulsed, without using additional fan arrangements.

[006] The cooling device realized in order to attain the object of this invention has been illustrated in the attached figures wherein:

[007] Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the cooling device;

[008] Fig.2 is a perspective view of a flow pipe;

[009] Fig.3 is an exploded view of a heat exchanger;

[010] Fig.4 is a perspective view of a heat exchanger;

[011] Fig.5 is a frontal view of a heat exchanger;

[012] Fig.6 is a schematic view of a Stirling cooler;

[013] Fig.7 is a perspective view of a Stirling cooler where heat exchangers are mounted on both the cold and hot surfaces; [014] Fig.8 is a schematic representation of a Stirling cooler with a finned heat exchanger mounted on its hot surface; [015] Fig.9 is a schematic representation of a Stirling cooler with a finned heat exchanger mounted on its cold surface; [016] Fig.10 is a schematic representation of a Stirling cooler with its cold surface covered by an insulating material; [017] Fig.l 1 is a schematic representation of a Stirling cooler with its hot surface covered by an insulating material; [018] Fig.12 is a schematic representation of a Stirling cooler with both its cold- and hot surfaces covered by an insulating material; [019] Fig.13 is a schematic representation of the connection between a heat exchanger and an evaporator; [020] Fig.14 is a schematic representation of the two evaporators in parallel connection with a heat exchanger. [021] The components shown in the figures have been enumerated as below:

[022] 1. Cooling Device

[023] 2. Stirling Cooler

[024] 3. Evaporator

[025] 4. Condenser

[026] 5. Cold Surface

[027] 6. Hot Surface

[028] 7. Heat Exchanger

[029] 8. Contact Surface

[030] 9. Joining Surface

[031] 10. Flow Channel

[032] 11. Flow Pipe

[033] 12. Connection Element

[034] 13. Finned Heat Exchanger

[035] 14. Fan

[036] 15. Air Flow Channel

[037] 16. Insulating Material

[038] 20. Body

[039] Cooling devices (1) like refrigerators, deep freezers, beverage containers, etc. contain a body (20); a Stirling cooler (2) achieving the cooling operation; an evaporator (3) in which circulates a cooling fluid flowing freely or activated by a pump, absorbing the thermal energy present in the internal medium of the cooling device (1); and a condenser (4) containing a cooling fluid flowing freely or activated by a pump, rejecting the heat to the outside of the cooling device (1). [040] The Stirling cooler (2) incoφorates a cold surface (5), preferably located inside the body (20), ensuring the absoφtion of thermal energy from outside during the expansion of the gas contained in the cold side, and a hot surface (6), preferably located outside of the body (20), securing the rejection of the thermal energy during the compression of the gas contained within.

[041] The cooling device (1) using the Stirling cooler (2) comprises a heat exchanger (7) with condensing effect, tightly attached to the cold surface (5) transferring the heat generated in the evaporator (3) to the cold surface (5) by condensing the cooling fluid, and/or a heat exchanger (7) with evaporating effect, tightly attached to the hot surface (6)) in which flows a cooling fluid and transferring the heat generated at the hot surface (6) by evaporating the cooling fluid coming from the condenser (4).

[042] The Heat exchanger (7) contains one or more flow pipe (11) through which the cooling fluid flows, and one or several connection element (12) designed so as to link the section formed by the flow pipe (11) with the pipes coming from the evaporator (3) or from the condenser (4). The heat exchanger (7) is made, preferably, by supeφosing flow pipes (11) combined in a way to fully encapsulate the cold surface (5) or the hot surface (6). The connection element (12) could have a single entry and a single outlet or, should more than one evaporator be used, a 3 -way or 4-way arrangement could be made.

[043] Where pipes coming from the evaporator (3) and/or from the condenser (4) are connected to the heat exchanger (7) by means of a connection element (12), the section through which the cooling fluid flows is modified, preferably increase, ensuring the spreading of the flow whereby the cooling fluid is redistributed in several flow ways, thus increasing the overall flow area and the contact surfaces where the actual heat exchange takes place.

[044] The flow pipe (11) comprises a contact surface (8) shaped as a semi-circle so as to touch the cold surface (5) or the hot surface (6) of the Stirling cooler (2); two joint surfaces (9), flattened by bending, ensuring connection with other flow pipes (11) located on both sides of the contact surface (8) and one or more flow channel (10) designed to increase the overall heat exchange surface.

[045] In the preferred application the flow pipe (11) is produced by extrusion from aluminium-based material so as to engender e.g. 1mm x 1mm closely-spaced flow channels (10). Annealed Aluminium, pressed against a mould conceived to generate 10 to 2o flow channels (10) for a desired section, is transformed in a flow pipe (11) when exiting the mould. Flow pipes (11) to be used as parts of heat exchangers (7) could then be cut at desired lengths. Moreover, due to the softness of the material used, the flow pipes could be taken on a shape easily.

[046] The cooling fluid that acquires a liquid state by condensation through the heat exchanger (7) placed on the cold surface (5) of the Stirling cooler (2), acting as a condenser, is then directed to the evaporator (3). The cooling fluid flowing through the evaporator (3) circuit of the cooling device (1) absorbs the heat load in the cabin and is transformed in vapour, reaching the heat exchanger (7) once more, thus completing the cycle.

[047] The cooling fluid that evaporates and passes to a gaseous state during its passage through the heat exchanger (7) placed on the hot surface (6) of the Stirling cooler (2), acting as an evaporator, is then directed to the condenser (4). The cooling fluid flowing through the condenser (4) circuit transfers the heat it carries to the external medium, and reaches the heat exchanger (7) again, thus completing the cycle.

[048] The cooling fluid, condensing in the condenser (4), accumulates in a smaller- diameter pipe when exiting the condenser (4) and forms a column of liquid, and a circulation is initiated in the system due to the differential pressure generated by the column of liquid. The flow rate in the system first increases, until the decrease in the pipe pressure equates the difference of static pressure generated by the column of liquid, and the flow output becomes constant when friction losses due to flow equate the pressure energy of the column of liquid. The cooling liquid circulating inside the evaporator (3) starts evaporating by absorbing thermal energy from inside the cooling device (1). In the vertical line of rotation of the evaporator (3) the cooling fluid appears to be in a gaseous state. The cooling fluid arriving to the heat exchanger (7) located at the cold side entry is distributed to the flow channels (10). Though the flow area of a single flow channel (10) is much smaller than the flow area of the evaporator (3), the total flow output through the combined flow channels (10) equates the flow output from the evaporator (3). The distribution of the flow output to flow channels (10) lowers the speed of the flow, and as this speed reduction is more important than the speed increase linked to the reduction of the flow area (section), there is no noticeable increase in pressure loss, and the circulation continues.

[049] In another application of the invention the cooling device (1) contains, apart from the heat exchanger (7) attached to the hot surface (6) of the Stirling cooler (2), a finned heat exchanger (13) attached to the cold surface (5) of the Stirling cooler (2), an air- blowing fan (14), and an air channel (15) directing the air flow. In this application, while the thermal energy present in the interior (cabin) of the cooling device (1) is transferred by forced flow, by means of the fan (14) and the finned heat exchanger (13), the thermal energy on the hot surface (6) is transferred first to the condenser (4) and then to the external medium through the heat exchanger (7).

[050] In another application of the invention a heat exchanger is mounted on the cold surface (5) of the Stirling cooler (2), and a finned heat exchanger (13) is mounted on the hot surface (6) of the Stirling cooler (2). In this application the heat generated at the hot surface (6) is transferred by forced flow, by means of the fan (14) and the finned heat exchanger (13), while the cold face (5) absorbs the thermal energy by means of the evaporator (7).

[051] In yet another application of the invention the heat exchanger (7) located on the cold face (5), or the heat exchanger (7) located on the hot face (6), or both heat exchangers are covered by an insulating material (16). If the heat exchanger (7) located on the hot surface (6) is extemalto the body (20), it is preferably not covered by insulating material (16), whereas it is covered by insulating material (16) if it is located inside the body (20). The outer surfaces of the heat exchanger (7) are thus isolated from the surrounding medium, thereby increasing the efficiency of the heat transfer process between the cold surface (5) and the hot surface (6) of the Stirling cooler (2) by the cooling fluid circulating in flow pipes (11). A more efficient cooling is attained as the result of a direct contact between the flow pipe (11) structure contained in heat exchangers (7) and the cold and hot surfaces (5, 6) of the Stirling cooler (2). The cooling performance of the cooling device (1) is improved while energy consumption decreases, as heat transfer between the air inside the cooling device (1) and the cooling fluid circulating in the evaporator (3), or between the external air and the cooling fluid circulating in the condenser (4) are realised at low differential temperatures.

Citas de patentes
Patente citada Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
WO2004008045A1 *15 Jul 200322 Ene 2004Empresa Brasileira De Compressores S/A EmbracoRefrigeration system
EP0935063A2 *5 Feb 199911 Ago 1999Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.Stirling machine with heat exchanger having fin structure
JP2003302117A * Título no disponible
US5638900 *27 Ene 199517 Jun 1997Ail Research, Inc.Heat exchange assembly
US20030136549 *14 Ene 200324 Jul 2003Twinbird CorporationThermosiphon
US20030172658 *1 Ago 200118 Sep 2003Kazushi YoshimuraSterling refrigerating system and cooling device
Otras citas
Referencia
1 *PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 2003, no. 12 5 December 2003 (2003-12-05)
Clasificaciones
Clasificación internacionalF25D11/00, F25D11/02, F25B9/14, F28F1/02, F25B25/00, F28D7/00, F28F1/04
Clasificación cooperativaF25D11/025, F25B25/005, F28D2021/0029, F28D7/0008, F28F1/022, F25B9/14, F25D11/00
Clasificación europeaF25B9/14, F25D11/00, F25B25/00B, F28F1/02B, F28D7/00B
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