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Número de publicaciónWO2009067079 A1
Tipo de publicaciónSolicitud
Número de solicitudPCT/SE2008/051332
Fecha de publicación28 May 2009
Fecha de presentación20 Nov 2008
Fecha de prioridad20 Nov 2007
Número de publicaciónPCT/2008/51332, PCT/SE/2008/051332, PCT/SE/2008/51332, PCT/SE/8/051332, PCT/SE/8/51332, PCT/SE2008/051332, PCT/SE2008/51332, PCT/SE2008051332, PCT/SE200851332, PCT/SE8/051332, PCT/SE8/51332, PCT/SE8051332, PCT/SE851332, WO 2009/067079 A1, WO 2009067079 A1, WO 2009067079A1, WO-A1-2009067079, WO2009/067079A1, WO2009067079 A1, WO2009067079A1
InventoresIngvar Klerelid, Ola Thomasson
SolicitanteMetso Paper Karlstad Ab
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  Patentscope, Espacenet
Structuring belt, press section and tissue papermaking machine for manufacturing a high bulk creped tissue paper web and method therefor
WO 2009067079 A1
Resumen
A structuring layer (60) of a structuring belt (14) for structuring a wet fibrous web (1') in a press section (3) of a tissue papermaking machine for manufacturing high bulk tissue paper (1), said structuring layer having a web-carrying side with a surface (61) for cooperating with the fibrous web, said surface having depressions (63) forming a three-dimensional structure of the surface. According to the invention, the depressions are distributed over the web-carrying side and constitute altogether 20-80 % of the surface (61), said surface including a flat, continuous top surface area (70) between the depressions (63), said top surface area delimiting the depressions, and each depression has a dimension 1 of 0.25-2.5 mm in a first direction in the plane of the top surface area (70), a dimension b of 0.25-2.0 mm in a second direction in the plane of the top surface area (70), said directions being at right angles to each other, a mean depth d of 0.05-0.6 mm and an area a as measured in the plane of the top surface area (70) of 0.3-4.0 mm2. The invention also relates to a structuring belt with such a layer, a press section with such a structuring layer, a tissue papermaking machine with such a press section, a method of manufacturing a structured high bulk tissue paper web in such a tissue papermaking machine, and use of the said belt, as well as a tissue paper web produced in the machine.
Reclamaciones  (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)
C L A I M S
1. A structuring layer (60) of a structuring belt ( 14) for structuring a wet fibrous web ( 1 ') by means of pressing in a press section (3) of a tissue papermaking machine for manufacturing high bulk tissue paper (1), said structuring layer (60) being non- woven and has a web-carrying side with a surface (61) for cooperating with the fibrous web (1 '), said surface (61) having depressions (63) or elevations (62) forming a three-dimensional structure of the surface (61), characterised in that the depressions (63) or elevations (62), respectively, are distributed over the web-carrying side and constitute together 20-80 % of the surface (61), said surface (61), when it comprises depressions (63), including a flat top surface area (70) between the depressions (63), said top surface area (70) delimiting the depressions (63), and said surface (61), when it comprises elevations (62), including a flat valley surface area (76) between the elevations (62), said valley surface area (76) delimiting the elevations (62), and that each depression (63) or elevation (62), respectively, has a dimension 1 of 0.25-2.5 mm in a first direction in the plane of the top surface area (70) or valley surface area (76), respectively, a dimension b of 0.25-2.0 mm in a second direction in the plane of the top surface area (70) or valley surface area (76), respectively, said directions being at right angles to each other, a mean depth or mean height d of 0.05-0.6 mm when the structuring layer (60) is in a compressed state, and an area a as measured in the plane of the top surface area (70) or valley surface area (76), respectively, of 0.3-4.0 mm2.
2. The structuring layer (60) according to claim 1, characterised in that the top surface area (70) or valley surface area (76), respectively, is continuous.
3. The structuring layer (60) according to claim 2, characterised in that each depression (63) or elevation (62), respectively, has an area a as measured in the plane of the top surface area (70) or valley surface area (76), respectively, of 0.5-2.0 mm2.
4. The structuring layer (60) according to any one of claims 2 and 3, characterised in that each depression (63) or elevation (62), respectively, has a volume v of 0.05-1.0 mm3.
5. The structuring layer (60) according to any one of claims 2-4, characterised in that all of the depressions (63) or elevations (62), respectively, in the surface (61) are identical.
6. The structuring layer (60) according to any one of claims 2-5, characterised in that the depressions (63) or elevations (62), respectively, are arranged in a regular pattern.
7. The structuring layer (60) according to any one of claims 2-6, characterised in that the depressions (63) or elevations (62), respectively, are arranged in parallel rows (72) extending in the machine direction (MD) of the structuring layer (60).
8. The structuring layer (60) according to any one of claims 2-7, characterised in that the dimension 1 of each depression (63) or elevation (62), respectively, extends in the machine direction (MD) of the structuring layer (60), that the dimension b of each depression (63) or elevation (62), respectively, extends in the cross direction (CD) of the structuring layer (60) and that 1 > b.
9. The structuring layer (60) according to any one of claims 2-8, characterised in that it is manufactured from one of the materials polyurethane, carbon fibre and metal.
10. A structuring belt (14) for structuring a wet fibrous web (1 ') in a press section (3) by means of pressing in a tissue papermaking machine for manufacturing high bulk tissue paper (1), characterised in that it comprises a structuring layer (60) according to any one of claims 1-9.
11. The structuring belt (14) according to claim 10, characterised in that it comprises a wear layer (58) arranged on the side of the structuring belt (14) intended to be directed away from the fibrous web (1 ').
12. The structuring belt (14) according to claim 1 1, characterised in that it comprises reinforcing means (57).
13. The structuring belt (14) according to any one of claims 10-12, characterised in that it is water-permeable.
14. The structuring belt (14) according to any one of claims 10-12, characterised in that it is water-impermeable.
15. A press section (3) for a tissue papermaking machine, said press section (3) comprising:
- a main press (1 1) including:
- a first press element (12), - a second press element (13), said press elements (12, 13) forming a press nip (Nl) between them with a predetermined pressure,
- a first clothing in the form of an elastic, compressible press felt (17) running in an endless loop about a plurality of guide rolls (18) and through said press nip (Nl) together and in contact with the formed fibrous web (T), wherein the second press element (13) is arranged within the loop of the press felt (17),
- a second clothing (14) running in an endless loop about a plurality of guide rolls (15) and through said press nip (Nl) together and in contact with the formed fibrous web (T), wherein the first press element (12) is arranged within the loop of the second clothing (14), and - a transfer roll (16) for forming a transfer nip (N2) against a drying surface (20) of a drying section (4) following the press section (3), said transfer roll (16) being arranged within the loop of the second clothing (14), characterised in that the second clothing (14) is a structuring belt according to any one of claims 10-14.
16. The press section (3) according to claim 15, characterised in that the press nip (Nl) is a long press nip.
17. The press section (3) according to claim 16, characterised in that one of the press elements (12, 13) comprises a shoe press roll.
18. A tissue papermaking machine for manufacturing a structured high bulk tissue paper web (1) by means of pressing, comprising:
- a wet section (2) for forming a fibrous web (1 '),
- a drying section (4) for final drying of the fibrous web (1"), said drying section (4) comprising: - a drying surface (20) for drying the fibrous web (1 "), and
- a creping doctor (21) for creping the web from the drying surface (20) so that a creped tissue paper web (1) can be removed from the drying surface (20), characterised in that the tissue papermaking machine comprises a press section (3) according to any one of claims 15-17 arranged between the wet section (2) and the drying section (4), wherein the transfer roll (16) of the press section (3) forms a transfer nip (N2) together with the drying surface (20) for transferring the fibrous web (1") to the drying surface (20) without dewatering the fibrous web (1") in the transfer nip (N2).
19. The tissue papermaking machine according to claim 18, characterised in that the wet section (2) comprises a headbox (6), a forming roll (7), a first clothing (8) running about and in contact with the forming roll (7), and a dewatering device (24).
20. The tissue papermaking machine according to claim 19, characterised in that the dewatering device (24) comprises a suction roll (25) arranged in the loop of the first forming clothing (8) downstream of the forming roll (7), and a steam box (26) arranged on the outside of the loop of the forming clothing (8) in front of the said suction roll (25).
21. The tissue papermaking machine according to any one of claims 18-20, characterised in that the drying surface (20) is formed by the shell surface of a drying cylinder (19).
22. The tissue papermaking machine according to claim 21, characterised in that the drying cylinder (19) is a Yankee cylinder.
23. The tissue papermaking machine according to any one of claims 18-20, characterised in that the drying surface (20) is formed by a metal belt.
24. The tissue papermaking machine according to any one of claims 18-23, characterised in that the press section (3) also comprises a pre-press (32) including a first press element (33) and a second press element (34), said press elements (33, 34) forming a press nip (N3) between them, a press felt (8, 37) running in an endless loop about a plurality of guide rolls (18; 38) and through said press nip together with the press felt (17) of the main press (11), wherein the second press element (34) is arranged within the loop of the press felt (8; 37) of the pre-press (32) and the first press element (33) is arranged within the loop of the press felt (17) of the main press, and wherein the formed fibrous web (1 ') runs through the press nip of the pre-press enclosed between the two press felts (17, 8; 17, 37).
25. The tissue papermaking machine according to claim 24, characterised in that the loop of the structuring belt (14) extends between the main press (11) and the transfer roll (16) and that the loop of the press felt (17) of the main press (11) extends between the forming roll (7) and the main press (11), wherein the press felt (17) of the main press (11) also forms said first forming clothing (8).
26. The tissue papermaking machine according to claim 24, characterised in that the loop of the structuring belt (14) extends between the forming roll (7) and the transfer roll (16) so as to also form said first forming clothing (8).
27. The tissue papermaking machine according to claim 24, characterised in that the structuring belt (14) extends between the main press (11) and the transfer roll (16), that the press felt (17) extends between the pre-press (32) and the main press (11) and that the said first forming clothing (8) extends between the forming roll (7) and the pre-press (32) and forms the press felt of the pre-press (32).
28. The tissue papermaking machine according to claim 24, characterised in that the structuring belt (14) extends between the main press (11) and the transfer roll (16), that the press felt (17) extends between the pre-press (32) and the main press (11), that the press felt of the pre-press (32) extends between a transfer zone and the pre-press (32) and that the loop of the forming clothing (8) extends between the forming roll (7) and a guide roll arranged in connection to said transfer zone.
29. The tissue papermaking machine according to any one of claims 18-28, characterised in that at least one of the presses (11, 32) is a press with an extended press nip, wherein the second press element (13) of the press comprises a device for forming the extended press nip for cooperating with the first press element (12).
30. The tissue papermaking machine according to claim 29, characterised in that the main press (11) is a shoe press and that the device for forming said extended press nip comprises a press shoe and an endless belt running through the extended press nip, wherein the press shoe is designed to press against the inside of the belt.
31. A method of manufacturing a structured high bulk tissue paper web ( 1 ) in a tissue papermaking machine according to any one of claims 18-30, said method comprising:
- forming the fibrous web (1') in the wet section (2),
- dewatering and structuring the fibrous web (1 ') by means of pressing in the press section (3), and - final drying of the fibrous web (1 ") in the drying section (4), wherein the fibrous web (1 ") is carried by the structuring belt (14) from the press nip (Nl) of the main press (11) to the transfer nip (N2) of the transfer roll (16) against the drying surface (20).
32. The method according to claim 31 , characterised in that the fibrous web (T, 1 ") is brought from a dryness in the range of 15-30 % to a dryness in the range of 42-52 % as it passes through the press section (3).
33. The method according to any one of claims 31 and 32, characterised in that the fibrous web (1 ', 1 ") comprises a short-fibre layer and a long-fibre layer and that the fibrous web (1 ', 1 ") is transferred to the drying surface (20) in the transfer nip (N2) with the short- fibre layer directed towards the drying surface (20).
34. A method of converting a tissue papermaking machine including a press section according to the preamble of claim 15, characterised in that the second clothing of the press section is replaced by a structuring belt (14) according to any one of claims 10-14.
35. Use of a structuring belt (14) according to any one of claims 10-14 for the production of a tissue fibrous web (1") in a press section according to any one of claims 15-17.
36. A tissue paper web (1) manufactured in a tissue papermaking machine according to any one of claims 18-30, characterised in that, after creping from the drying surface (20) and conditioning at 200C and air humidity of 50 %, it has a basis weight in the range of 10-50 g/m2, a thickness in the range of 160-400 μm, a bulk in the range of 8-20 cmVg, an MD tensile strength in the range of 50-300 N/m, a CD tensile strength in the range of
30-250 N/m and a softness in the range of 70-90 as measured according to EMTEC TSA (Tissue Softness Analyzer) with a measuring scale of 0-100.
37. The tissue paper web (1) according to claim 36, characterised in that it has a varying thickness.
38. The tissue paper web (1) according to claim 37, characterised in that the thickness of the tissue paper web (1) is greater in those portions in which the tissue paper web (1) has been formed by the top surface areas (70) than in those portions in which the tissue paper web (1) has been formed by the depressions (63) of the structuring belt (14) of the tissue papermaking machine.
P2196PC TE1 090115
Descripción  (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)

Structuring belt, press section and tissue papermaking machine for manufacturing a high bulk creped tissue paper web and method therefor

This invention relates to a structuring layer according to the preamble of claim 1 and to a structuring belt according to the preamble of claim 10. The invention also relates to a press section according to the preamble of claim 15 and to a tissue papermaking machine according to the preamble of claim 18.

The invention also relates to a method of manufacturing a structured high bulk tissue paper web and to such a high bulk tissue paper web.

The invention relates furthermore to a method of converting or upgrading an existing tissue papermaking machine.

The term "tissue paper" as used herein refers to soft paper with a basis weight usually of less than 25 g/m2. Tissue paper web forms a base paper for certain single-ply and multi-ply products, e.g. napkins, towels and toilet rolls.

Tissue manufacturers wish to produce products with high bulk and softness. At the same time the energy costs for the process is important.

In the manufacture of creped tissue paper, there are two established technologies for dewatering the formed wet paper web of cellulose fibres before it is dried and creped on a Yankee cylinder. In the commercially predominant technology, the paper web which is carried by a felt is dewatered in one or two press nips with rolls against the Yankee cylinder. This process gives a tissue product with relatively low bulk and there is no distinct structure on the surface. The other technology is TAD (through air drying), in which the paper web is dewatered with the aid of a vacuum and then dried by through air drying before it is transferred to the Yankee cylinder for final drying and creping. The TAD process gives a high bulk and a distinct structure, but requires slightly more than twice as much energy to produce a tonne of paper.

It has been proposed to use a shoe press with an extended press nip against the Yankee cylinder in order to improve the quality of the tissue product. The aim has been to provide an improved quality, higher bulk and softness compared to conventional processes. It has been found that it is possible to achieve a certain improvement, but that the product is still more like a conventionally manufactured product than a TAD-manufactured product. The thickness or bulk of the paper is important for its capacity to absorb water, as well as the feel of the textile structure and softness. The TAD technique is therefore still superior to the pressing technique with respect to the quality of the paper web, but it has the great disadvantage that it requires substantially higher energy consumption than is the case with a pressing technique.

Paper making machines which use the pressing technique to dewater and simultaneously structure the paper web with the aid of a structuring clothing have been proposed. This dewatering and structuring occurs in one or more press nips while the paper web is transferred from the felt to the structuring clothing. The structuring clothing then carries the paper web to the Yankee cylinder, where it is transferred with the aid of a press roll which only ensures the transfer of the paper web. Structuring clothings of this kind may be belts or fabrics. The present invention relates to a structuring belt, i.e. a non-woven structuring clothing. This means that 3D patterns are created, not by the woven structure, but by other means. The bulk of the paper is maintained in that cavities in the structure of the belt receive the fibrous network and prevent compression of the fibrous network during dewatering in the press nip.

The expression "structuring" of the paper as used herein refers to the fact that a three-dimensional pattern of the structuring layer is embossed into the wet fibrous web during a pressing process when the fibrous network structure fills the three-dimensional pattern of the structuring belt and that fibres in the wet fibrous web are movable relative to each other so that they are advantageously brought to new positions and directions relative to each other by the action of the elastically compressible press felt, which presses the wet fibrous web into the three-dimensional pattern of the structuring belt, and this altogether contributes to an increased bulk and softness with the same basis weight, and to an improved structure.

US 6,547,924 and US 6,340,413 describe a tissue papermaking machine in which a structuring belt carries the fibrous web from the last press in the press section to the drying cylinder. However, the papermaking machine described in the said patent specification cannot produce a tissue paper of sufficiently high quality owing to the plurality of press nips passed through in accordance with the requirements and wishes of customers today. There were moreover problems with the runnability of the machine, as the press felt was saturated with water and could not absorb a sufficient quantity in the nip that led to paper break.

Further examples of tissue papermaking machines provided with embossing or structuring clothings are EP 1 078 126, EP 0 526 592, US 6,743,339, EP 1 075 567, EP 1 040 223, US 5,393,384, EP 1 036 880 and US 5,230,776.

Following comprehensive research, the present inventors have realised that the structure of the structuring layer of the structuring belt in contact with the web during the pressing process has great and probably crucial importance from the point of view of being able to achieve a tissue paper with a higher bulk than that possible hitherto in a papermaking machine using the pressing technique and that the structure of this layer of the structuring belt can also be used as a parameter for controlling slip properties of the web after the nip and for achieving a high dryness of the web in connection with the pressing in the press section in which the actual structuring of the wet fibrous web occurs.

The object of the invention is to make it possible to manufacture a tissue paper web with a bulk of at least 8-20 cm3/g, e.g. at least 10-16 cm3/g, said bulk being comparable to that of TAD paper, that is 12-20 cm3/g, using the pressing technique and with low energy costs. It should be noted that conventional tissue paper manufactured by the pressing technique normally has a bulk in the range of 5-9 cm3/g. The low energy costs are achieved in that the use of the structuring belt according to the invention gives a high dryness of the fibrous web after the press section, said dryness being in the range of 40-50 %. The high dryness in turn means that a smaller quantity of water has to be evaporated from the drying surface in the subsequent drying stage, which in turn means an energy saving. The energy-intensive TAD technique for removing water from the fibrous web can thus be avoided.

High bulk of a tissue paper web is important for the absorption capacity of the web. After manufacture, a tissue paper web can be rewound into finished products consisting of a plurality of paper layers, such as sanitary paper, napkins, towels and toilet paper. The quality of these products is determined, inter alia, by the absorption capacity of the products and by how soft consumers find the products.

The abovementioned object is obtained according to the invention by a structuring layer of a structuring belt according to the characterising part of claim 1.

The invention is described further with reference to the drawings.

Figures 1 to 10 show ten different tissue papermaking machines with a structuring belt according to the invention.

Figure 11 shows a structuring belt according to a first embodiment of the invention.

Figure 12 is a section through the structuring belt according to Figure 11.

Figure 13 shows a structuring layer of a structuring belt according to a second embodiment of the invention.

Figure 14 shows a structuring layer of a structuring belt according to a third embodiment of the invention.

Figure 15 shows a structuring layer according to a fourth embodiment of the invention. Figure 16 shows a structuring layer according to a fifth embodiment of the invention.

Figure 17 is a section of a tissue paper web manufactured by a tissue papermaking machine according to the invention.

Figure 18 is a top view of a tissue paper web manufactured by a tissue papermaking machine according to the invention.

Figures 1-10 show schematically different embodiments of a tissue papermaking machine for manufacturing a tissue paper web 1 structured by means of pressing without the use of through air drying (TAD) for preliminary dewatering according to the present invention. Common to the different embodiments is the fact that they comprise a wet section 2 for forming a continuous paper web, a press section 3 for dewatering and structuring the web and a drying section 4 for final drying of the web. The wet section 2 of each tissue papermaking machine according to the embodiments shown comprises a forming section 5 including a headbox 6 feeding a stock of fibres and water to a forming clothing, a forming roll 7 enclosed by a forming clothing for partial dewatering of the web, and a first forming clothing 8 running about and in contact with the forming roll 7 and carrying the paper web. In the embodiments according to Figures 1-8, the forming section 5 also has a second forming clothing 9, that is a fabric, running in an endless loop about a plurality of guide rolls 10 and about the forming roll 7 in contact with the first clothing 8 so as to receive a stock jet from the headbox 6 between it and the first clothing, after which the stock is dewatered through the clothing 9 for the forming of a formed fibrous web 1 '.

The press section 3 comprises a main press 11 including a first press element 12 and a second press element 13 which cooperate with each other to form a press nip Nl between them. The main press 11 may be a roll press, a long nip press or a shoe press (not shown in the figures). The press section 3 furthermore comprises a structuring belt 14 running in an endless loop about a plurality of guide rolls 15, about a smooth transfer roll 16 located in connection to the drying section 4, and through the press nip Nl of the main press 11 together and in contact with the formed fibrous web 1 ' in order to provide for dewatering and structuring of the formed fibrous web 1 ' when it passes through the press nip Nl so that a structured fibrous web 1 " will leave the press nip Nl . The structured fibrous web 1 " is carried by the structuring belt 14 up to a transfer nip N2 between the transfer roll 16 and a drying cylinder 19 of the drying section 4, no pressing or dewatering taking place in the said nip N2, but only the transfer of the fibrous web 1" to the surface of the drying cylinder 19. In this case, the drying cylinder 19 is a Yankee cylinder, but other types of drying sections are possible. The press section 3 furthermore comprises a water-receiving press felt 17 elastically formable and compressible in the z-direction, running in an endless loop about a plurality of guide rolls 18 and through the press nip Nl of the main press 11 together with the structuring belt 14 and in contact with the formed fibrous web 1'. The first press element 12 is located in the loop of the structuring belt 14 and the second press element 13 is located in the loop of the second press felt 17. In the embodiments shown in Figures 1-10, both press elements 12, 13 are press rolls, but they are alternatively rolls forming a long nip. The press felt 17 leaves the structured fibrous web 1 " immediately after it has passed through the press nip Nl in order to prevent rewetting of the fibrous web 1".

Immediately before the first guide roll 18 after the main press 11, a spray device 53 is arranged on the inside of the press felt 17 for supplying fresh water to the wedge-shaped narrowing space between the press felt 17 and the guide roll 18, said water being pressed into the press felt 17 and displaces the contaminated water in the press felt 17 after pressing in the main press 11 through and out of the press felt 17 when this runs about the guide roll 18. Upstream of the following guide roll 18, suction boxes 54 are arranged on the outside of the press felt in order to withdraw water out from the press felt.

Once the structuring belt 14 has left the transfer roll 16 and before it reaches the main press 11, the structuring belt 14 passes through a cleaning station 30 for cleaning the web-contacting surface.

During its passage through the press section 3, the fibrous web 1', 1" is brought from a dryness in the range of 15-30 % to a dryness in the range of 42-52 %.

The drying section 4 comprises said drying cylinder 19, which, in the embodiments shown, is the only drying cylinder, advantageously a Yankee drying cylinder. Alternatively, the drying section may consist of a plurality of drying cylinders or drying belts made of metal. The drying cylinder 19 with which the transfer roll 16 forms the said transfer nip N2 has a drying surface 20 for drying the structured fibrous web 1 ". A creping doctor 21 is arranged downstream of the drying surface 20 in order to crepe the dried fibrous web 1 " from the drying surface 20 in order to obtain the tissue paper web 1 which is both structured and creped. The drying cylinder 19 is covered by a hood 22. The structuring belt 14 and the structured fibrous web 1 " run together through the transfer nip N2, but leave the transfer nip N2 separately in that the structured fibrous web 1 " adheres to and is transferred to the drying surface 20 of the drying cylinder 19. The pressure in the transfer nip N2 formed by the roll 16 and the drying cylinder 19 is less than 1 MPa and no dewatering of the fibrous web 1" occurs in this nip. In order to ensure that the fibrous web 1 " is transferred to the drying surface 20, an adhesive is advantageously applied to the drying surface 20 by means of a spray device 23 at a point between the creping doctor 21 and the transfer nip N2 where the drying surface 20 is free. The forming section 5 may be a so-called C-former, as shown in Figures 1, 2, 7 and 8, or a so-called Crescent former, as shown in Figures 3-6, or a so-called suction breast roll former, as shown in Figures 9 and 10.

The main press 11 may be a roll press in which the two press elements 12, 13 are rolls with smooth mantle surfaces, or preferably a long nip press, e.g. a shoe press, in which the first press element 12 is a smooth counter roll and the second press element 13 comprises a press shoe and an endless belt or a jacket running through the press nip of the shoe press in sliding contact with the press shoe, which exerts a predetermined pressure on the inside of the belt and on the counter roll 12. The press shoe thus constitutes a device forming an extended press nip. In a further preferred embodiment of the main press 11, the first press element 12 is a smooth counter roll and the second press element comprises a device for forming an extended press nip, said device including an elastic support body arranged to press in the direction towards the counter roll. In an alternative embodiment, the press element 13 is a smooth counter roll, while the second press element 12 comprises a device forming an extended nip of any one of the types known in paper making.

In the embodiment according to Figure 1, the press felt 17 of the main press is also used as the first inner forming clothing 8 of the forming section 5 so that the forming roll 7 is also located within the loop of the press felt 17. The wet section 2 in this case also comprises a predewatering device 24, namely a suction device. In this embodiment, the device 24 comprises a suction roll 25 located within the loop of the press felt 17, and a steam box 26 located on the outside of the loop of the press felt 17 in front of the suction roll 25 for heating the water in the fibrous network of the formed fibrous web 1 '. The quantity of water in the fibrous structure of the formed fibrous web 1 ' and in the press felt 17 is decreased with the aid of such a suction roll 25 and steam box 26, so as to give the formed fibrous web 1 ' a desired increased dryness before the main press 11. A high-pressure spray device 55, that is a needle-type spray device with a jet diameter of 1 mm, is arranged on the outside of the forming felt 8 upstream of the forming roll 7 in order to clean the forming felt 8 before it reaches the forming roll 7.

The embodiment according to Figure 2 is similar to that of Figure 1 , except that it is additionally provided with a preheating device 27 downstream of the main press 11 in order to increase the temperature of the structured fibrous web 1" in the press 11 before the fibrous web 1" reaches the drying cylinder 19.

In the embodiment according to Figure 3, the structuring belt 14 is also used as the first inner forming clothing 8 of the forming section so that the forming roll 7 is also located within and surrounded by the loop of the structuring belt 14. In this case, the press felt 17 of the main press 11 runs in a single loop about a plurality of guide rolls 28 and the second press element 13. The guide roll located upstream of the second press element 13 is a suction roll 29 by means of which water is removed from the press felt 17 in order to increase the capacity of the press felt 17 to dispose of relatively large quantities of water pressed out in the nip Nl . One special effect with this embodiment, in which the structuring belt 14 also passes about the forming roll 7, is that it will be possible for the fibres of the stock to penetrate into and orient themselves in the z-direction in the depressions of the structuring belt 14 so that some of the formed fibrous web 1' is already oriented in the depressions before pressing is started in the main press 11. Such a pre-orientation of fibres in the depressions is therefore advantageous in order to provide higher bulk. Immediately in front of the first guide roll 28 after the main press 11, a spray device 53 is arranged on the inside of the press felt 17 for supplying fresh water into the wedge-shaped tapering space between the press felt 17 and the guide roll 28, said water being pressed into the press felt 17 and displaces the contaminated water in the press felt 17 after pressing in the main press 11 through and out of the press felt 17 when this runs about the guide roll 28. Upstream of the following guide roll 28, suction boxes 54 are arranged on the outside of the press felt 17 in order to withdraw water out from the press felt 17, as well as a high-pressure spray device 55 which cleans the press felt 17 before it arrives at the suction roll 29, which deals with the remaining water in the press felt 17. The suction roll 29 removes water from the press felt 17 and thus increases the capacity of the press felt to absorb the water in the nip Nl .

The embodiment according to Figure 4 is similar to that of Figure 3, except that it is additionally provided with a preheating device 27 corresponding to the embodiment according to Figure 2 and that a steam box 31 is arranged on the outside of the press felt 17 immediately in front of the suction roll 29 in order to increase the de watering capacity thereof.

In the embodiment according to Figure 5, the first inner forming clothing 8, the press felt 17 and the structuring belt 14 have their own loops, wherein the forming clothing 8 is a felt running about a plurality of guide rolls 18'. The press section 3 in this case comprises a prepress 32 including a first press element 33 located within the loop of the press felt 17 and a second press element 34 located within the first inner forming clothing 8, said press elements 33, 34 forming a press nip N3 with each other through which the forming felt 8 carrying the fibrous web 1 ' runs in order to meet the press felt 17 which also runs through the said press nip N3 in order to receive the formed fibrous web 1 ' and carry it on to the main press 11. The forming felt 8 thus also forms the second press felt of the pre-press 32. The guide roll located immediately upstream of the second press element 34 is a suction roll 35 by means of which water is removed from the forming felt 8. A steam box 36 is located on the outside of the forming felt 8 immediately in front of the suction roll 35 in order to make the dewatering of the felt 8 more effective. Immediately in front of the first guide roll 18' after the pre-press 32, a spray device 53' is arranged on the inside of the forming felt 8 for supplying fresh water into the wedge-shaped tapering space between the forming felt 8 and the guide roll 18', said water being pressed into the forming felt 8 and displaces the contaminated water in the forming felt 8 after pressing in the pre-press 32 through and out of the forming felt 8 when this runs about the guide roll 18'. Upstream of the following guide roll 18', suction boxes 54' are arranged on the outside of the forming felt 8 in order to withdraw water out from the press felt 8, as well as a high-pressure spray device 55' which cleans the forming felt 8 before it reaches the forming roll 7.

The embodiment according to Figure 6 is similar to that of Figure 5, except that it is additionally provided with a preheating device 27 corresponding to the embodiment according to Figure 2.

In the embodiment according to Figure 7, the first inner forming clothing 8, that is a forming fabric, the press felt 17 and the structuring belt 14 have their own loops as in the embodiment according to Figure 5. In this case, the forming section 5 is thus a twin- wire C-former. The forming roll 7 may be a suction roll if desired. The press section 3 in this case also comprises a pre-press 32 including a first press element 33 located within the loop of the press felt 17 and a second press element 34 located within a second press felt 37 running in a loop about a plurality of guide rolls 38, wherein the guide roll located immediately upstream of the second press element 34 is a suction roll 39 by means of which water is removed from the second press felt 37. A steam box 50 is located on the outside of the second press felt 37 immediately in front of the suction roll 39 in order to improve dewatering of the press felt 37. The second press felt 37 runs in contact with the first inner forming fabric 8 in order to form a transfer zone in which the press felt 37, the formed fibrous web 1 ' and the forming fabric 8 form a sandwich structure. When the fibrous web 1 ' leaves the transfer zone, it is carried by the second press felt 37. A suction device 51 may be located within the loop of the second press felt 37 after the transfer zone in order to ensure the transfer of the fibrous web 1 '. Immediately in front of the first guide roll 38 after the pre-press 32, a spray device 53' is arranged on the inside of the press felt 37 for supplying fresh water into the wedge-shaped tapering space between the press felt 37 and the guide roll 38, said water being pressed into the press felt 37 and displaces the contaminated water in the press felt 37 after pressing in the pre-press 32 through and out of the press felt 37 when this runs about the guide roll 38. Upstream of the following guide roll 38, suction boxes 54' are arranged on the outside of the press felt 37 in order to withdraw water out from the press felt 37, as well as a high-pressure spray device 55' which cleans the press felt 37 before it reaches the suction device 51.

The embodiment according to Figure 8 is similar to that of Figure 7, except that it is additionally provided with a preheating device 27 after the main press corresponding to the embodiment according to Figure 2 in order to increase the temperature and dryness of the paper web 1 ".

The embodiment according to Figure 9 is similar to that of Figure 7 except for the wet section 2 which in this case has a forming section of a type other than C-former and Crescent former as mentioned previously. The forming section according to Figure 9 is a so-called suction breast roll former including a headbox 6, a forming roll 7, that is a suction breast roll, and a forming clothing 8, that is a forming fabric, running in a loop about the suction breast roll 7 and guide rolls 18 and forming a transfer zone with the second press felt 37 corresponding to the embodiment according to Figure 7. The suction breast roll 7 has a suction zone 52 forming a forming zone across which the forming fabric 8 passes together with stock emitted in a jet from the headbox 6 and de watered within the forming zone 52 in order to form a formed fibrous web 1 '.

The embodiment according to Figure 10 is similar to that of Figure 9, except that it is additionally provided with a preheating device 27 corresponding to the embodiment according to Figure 2.

The pre-press 32 used in the embodiments according to Figures 5-10 may be a press selected from the group of different presses described above in connection with the main press 11.

The structuring belt 14 comprises a structuring layer 60 forming the side of the structuring belt carrying the paper web. The layer 60 has a web-contacting surface 61 with a three-dimensional structure formed by the depressions 63 in the form of recesses or pockets in the otherwise flat web-contacting surface 61, said depressions 63 being regularly recurrent and distributed in the longitudinal direction (MD) and cross direction (CD) of the structuring belt. The web-contacting surface 61 thus has a flat, continuous top surface area 70 in which said depressions 63 are formed. Each depression 63 in the web-contacting surface 61 is thus delimited by said continuous surface area 70. In addition to these depressions 63 further patterns in the form of figures or text may be formed in the structuring layer 60.

All of the depressions 63 are preferably identical and are arranged in a regular pattern. Alternatively, one and the same structuring belt may comprise two or more groups of depressions, wherein the design of the depressions in the different groups differs, but the depressions within each group are identical.

Tests have shown that the form and extent of the depressions 63 is very important with respect to the runnability of the tissue machine and its ability to produce a tissue paper web of good quality, i.e. high bulk of 8-20 cm3/g and high softness. In order to achieve an optimum structure and dryness of the web, it is important that the structuring belt 14 allows the wet fibrous web 1' to be formed into the depressions 63 when the fibrous web 1' passes through the press nip Nl together with the press felt 17 and the structuring belt 14 with the wet fibrous web 1' enclosed therebetween. It is also important that the press felt 17 can reach down into all of the depressions 63 during the pressing process in order to build up a sufficiently high hydraulic pressure so that water in the wet fibrous web 1 ' can move into the press felt 17 and not remain in the fibrous web at the end of the pressing operation. The depressions 63 must be sufficiently large to allow the press felt 17 to penetrate into the depressions 63. Each depression 63 must have an optimum depth which allows water in the bottom of the depression 63 to be transported away. In other words, the depth of the depression 63 must not be too great, as an excessive depth will prevent the desired hydraulic pressure from building up.

The structuring layer 60 with this specific well-defined, structured, web-contacting surface 61 is an important parameter for controlling the structure, thickness/bulk and dryness that can be expected in the structured and dewatered fibrous web 1 " after the press nip Nl before final drying. It is taken for granted that the pressure in the press nip Nl is within the normal ranges conventionally used for pressing, normally a maximum of 6 MPa, and that the press felt 17 is of the conventional elastically compressible type, which, in addition to its required water-receiving capacity during compression, forms elastically into the web-contacting surface of the structuring layer with the wet fibrous web located therebetween in the manner and for the purpose specified above.

Each depression 63 has a predetermined dimension 1 in the machine direction (MD) of the structuring layer 60 and a predetermined dimension b in the cross direction (CD) of the belt 14. The depressions 63 may be oriented in the machine direction, in which case I > b, or in the cross direction, in which case 1 < b. However, the depressions 63 are preferably oriented substantially in the machine direction, as this gives better creping and results in a softer tissue paper. It should be noted here that woven structuring clothings normally have a pattern that is MD-oriented.

Each depression 63 also has a predetermined depth d, a predetermined area a and a predetermined volume v. The depth d of the depressions may be constant over substantially all of the depression 63, in which case the depression 63 has a bottom surface 71 which is flat and parallel to the surface area 70. The depth d may alternatively vary over the surface of the depression 63 and then an average depth or mean depth d is preferably used to characterise the extension of the depression 63 in the z-direction.

The depressions 63 are arranged at a predetermined distance from each other so that they are distributed in a uniform manner over the web-contacting surface 61 and cover a predetermined part thereof. Thus, the abovementioned continuous top surface area 70, which delimits the depressions 63 and constitutes the part of the web-contacting surface 61 cooperating with the drying surface 20 when the fibrous web 1 " is transferred to the drying cylinder 19, constitutes the remaining part of the web-contacting surface 61.

The abovementioned parameters must therefore cooperate in order to obtain in good runnability and good quality of the tissue paper web 1. Tests have shown that the following parameters should be fulfilled in order to achieve this:

The abovementioned parameter value a should be measured in the plane of the top surface area 70. However, tests have shown that a should preferably be within the range of 0.5-2.0 mm2.

It is recognized that the structuring belt 14 is compressed when it passes through the nip Nl between the press elements 12 and 13. The abovementioned range for d applies when the structuring belt 14 and therefore also the depressions 63 are in the compressed state, i.e. when the structuring belt 14 is passing through the nip Nl . The press pressure in this nip has normally a maximum of 6 MPa. When it is stated herein that the structuring belt 14 is in the compressed state, this refers to the fact that it is loaded with a pressure of a maximum of 6 MPa. The depressions 63 in the non-compressed state can consequently have a depth d greater than 0.6 mm, but in the compressed state, i.e. in the nip Nl, d should not exceed 0.6 mm. In the case where the depth of the depressions 63 varies, the value d refers to the mean depth of the depression. However, under no circumstances should the greatest depth of the depression exceed 0.6 mm when the depression is in the compressed state.

In addition to the abovementioned parameter values, the depressions should altogether cover between 20 % and 80 % of the total web-contacting surface 61.

A creped, reeled tissue paper having the following properties can be manufactured in a tissue papermaking machine provided with a structuring belt with a structuring layer as above:

Basis weight 10-50 g/m2

Thickness 160-400 μm, preferably 200-300 μm

Bulk 8-20 cm3/g

MD tensile strength 50-300 N/m

CD tensile strength 30-250 N/m and

Softness 70-90 The above values refer to a paper conditioned at 20°C and 50 % atmospheric humidity. The softness value is measured according to EMTEC TSA (Tissue Softness Analyzer) with a measuring scale from 0 to 100. The above bulk and softness values should be compared with those for conventional creped tissue paper, which has a bulk in the range of 5-9 cm /g and a softness in the range of 50-70.

More specifically, tissue paper of the qualities facial, i.e. facial tissues, toilet paper and household paper can be manufactured by a tissue papermaking machine according to the invention, said tissue paper having the following properties:

Figure 11 shows a first embodiment of a structuring belt 14 with a structuring layer 60 according to the invention, said structuring layer 60 including reinforcing means 57 and being arranged on a wear layer 58. Figure 12 is a partial view of this belt 14 in a cross section in the machine direction (MD). The web-contacting surface 61 of the structuring layer 60 has a plurality of identical depressions 63 in the form of recesses or pockets, arranged in parallel rows 72, extending in the machine direction of the belt 14. Adjacent rows 72 are displaced by approximately half the length of a pocket relative to each other in the machine direction. Each depression 63 is substantially in the form of a square block with cylindrical ends, said square block extending in the machine direction of the belt 14. The bottom surface 71 of each depression 63 is flat and parallel to the continuous top surface area 70. The side walls 73 of the depression 63 form a substantially 90° angle relative to the bottom surface 71 of the pocket. The depressions 63 have a dimension 1 in the machine direction of 2.0 mm and a dimension b in the cross direction of 1.0 mm. The depth d is 0.3 mm. The depressions 63 have an area a in the range of 0.3-4.0 mm2, and preferably 0.5-2.0 mm2, e.g. approximately 1.8 mm2, and a volume v of 0.05-1.0 mm3, preferably approximately 0.54 mm3. The distance between two adjacent depressions 63 in the machine direction s is approximately 1.0 mm. The distance between two adjacent rows 72 of depressions 63 in the cross direction t is approximately 0.5 mm. The depressions 63 cover approximately 40 % of the web-contacting surface 61.

Figure 13 shows a second embodiment of a structuring layer 60 of a structuring belt 14 according to the invention. The structuring layer 60 of the belt 14 has depressions 63 of substantially the same form and arranged in the same manner as the depressions described above. In this case, the depressions 63 have a dimension 1 in the machine direction of 1.0 mm, a dimension b in the cross direction of 0.5 mm, a depth d of 0.2 mm, an area a of approximately 0.3-4.0 mm2, e.g. 0.45 mm2, and a volume v of approximately 0.09 mm3. The distance between two adjacent depressions 63 in the machine direction s is 0.5 mm. The distance between two adjacent rows 72 of depressions 63 in the cross direction t is 0.5 mm.

Figure 14 shows a third embodiment of a structuring layer according to the invention, said structuring layer also having the depressions 63 of substantially the same form and arranged in the same manner as the depressions described in connection with Figure 11. In this case, the depressions 63 are slightly larger than the depressions shown in Figure 13 and have a dimension 1 in the machine direction of 0.5 mm, a dimension b in the cross direction of 1.0 mm, a depth d of 0.4 mm, an area of approximately 1.3 mm2 and a volume v of approximately 0.51 mm3. The distance between two adjacent depressions 63 in the machine direction s is 0.5 mm. The distance between two adjacent rows 72 of depressions 63 in the cross direction t is 0.5 mm.

Figure 15 shows a further embodiment of a structuring layer according to the invention. In this case, the depressions 63 are formed by recesses or pockets, which, except for rounded inner corners, are substantially entirely rectangular or formed as square blocks. The depressions 63 are arranged in rows 72 extending in the machine direction of the belt 14 and columns 74 extending in the cross direction of the belt 14. In this embodiment, the depressions 63 have a dimension 1 in the machine direction of 2.0 mm, an extent b in the cross direction of 2.0 mm, a depth d of 0.2 mm, an area of approximately 3.9 mm2 and a volume v of approximately 0.79 mm3. The distance between two adjacent depressions 63 in the machine direction s is 1.0 mm. The distance between two adjacent rows 72 of depressions 63 in the cross direction t is 1.0 mm.

Figure 16 shows an alternative embodiment of a structuring layer according to the invention, in which the structuring layer instead of recesses is provided with elevations 62 in the form of projecting portions or "islands" in the otherwise flat, continuous lower surface area 76. The same parameter values specified above in the case of the structuring layer with recesses also apply to this variant of the structuring layer, with the difference that the value d in this case gives the height of the elevations. In the embodiment shown in Figure 16, the elevations 62 are in the form of square blocks projecting approximately 0.2 mm from the lower surface area 76 and having slightly rounded outer corners. The square blocks are approximately 1 mm long and 1 mm wide and are arranged in rows extending diagonally in the machine direction of the structuring belt 14. The elevations consequently have a dimension 1 in the machine direction and a dimension b in the cross direction of approximately 1.4 mm in each case. Each elevation 62 has an area a of approximately 0.95 mm2 and a volume v of approximately 0.19 mm3. The distance between adjacent elevations is approximately 0.5 mm and the elevations 62 consequently cover approximately 42 % of the web-contacting surface 61. The upper surface areas 75 of the elevations 62 are preferably flat so that they cooperate with the drying surface 20 when the fibrous web 1 " is transferred to the drying cylinder 19.

The structuring layer according to the invention is preferably made of a polymer material, e.g. polyurethane, the depressions 63 or the lower surface area 76 preferably being formed in said structuring layer in that material is cut from the surface of the structuring layer. The structuring layer 60 may alternatively be made of a different material, e.g. metal or carbon fibre, and other techniques may be used to form the depressions or said lower surface area. The structuring layer 60 is preferably approximately 3-6 mm thick, but its thickness may be between 0.2 and 10 mm.

The structuring belt is preferably substantially water-impermeable as mentioned for the tissue papermaking machines shown. Alternatively, the structuring belt may be water-permeable. E.g. the structuring layer may be needled so that it has through holes. The depressions 63 or the surface area 70 surrounding the depressions, or both, may be needled. In a similar manner, the elevations 62 and/or said lower surface area 76 may be needled. When it is stated that the structuring belt is needled, this refers to the fact that the structuring belt has small, through openings, said openings allowing water, but not paper fibres to pass therethrough.

In order to increase the service life of the structuring belt 14, as described above in connection with Figure 11, the structuring belt 14 may comprise a wear layer 58, e.g. in the form of a felt layer arranged on the side of the structuring belt 14 directed away from the fibrous web 1'. Like the structuring layer 60, the wear layer 58 may be needled.

In order to increase the strength of the structuring belt 14, the structuring belt 14 may comprise reinforcing means 57, e.g. in the form of reinforcement wires arranged within the structuring layer 60. The reinforcing means may alternatively be formed by a metal strip or a fabric arranged within the structuring layer 60.

With the aid of a structuring belt 14 according to the invention, it is thus possible to manufacture a tissue paper web which, after creping from the drying surface 20 and conditioning at 20°C and an air humidity of 50 %, has a basis weight in the range of 10-50 g/m2, a thickness in the range of 160-400 μm, preferably 200-300 μm, a bulk in the range of 8-20 cm3/g, an MD tensile strength in the range of 50-300 N/m, a CD tensile strength in the range of 30-250 N/m and a softness in the range of 70-90 as measured according to EMTEC TSA (Tissue Softness Analyzer) with a measuring scale of 0 to 100.

Figure 17 is a cross section through a tissue paper web 1 manufactured by a structuring belt including depressions according to the invention. By virtue of the three-dimensional structure of the structuring layer 60, the finished tissue paper web 1 has a varying thickness, wherein the thickness of the tissue paper web 1 is greater in those portions 77 in which the tissue paper web 1 has been formed by the top surface area 70 than in those portions 78 in which the tissue paper web 1 has been formed by the depressions 63 of the structuring belt 14.

The fibrous web 1 ', 1 " preferably comprises a short-fibre layer and a long-fibre layer, wherein the fibrous web 1 ', 1 " is transferred to the drying surface 20 in the transfer nip N2 with the short-fibre layer directed towards the drying surface 20. The finished tissue paper web 1 thus preferably also has a short-fibre layer on one side 79, i.e. the side which has been in contact with the drying surface 20, and a long-fibre layer on its other side 80, i.e. on the side which has been in contact with the structuring belt 14. Figure 18 shows the long-fibre side 80 of the tissue fibre web 1.

The invention has been described above by way of a number of embodiments. However, it will be clear that other embodiments or variants are within the scope of the invention. E.g. it will be clear that alternative embodiments of the depressions or elevations are possible without going beyond the scope of the invention as defined in the claims. Alternative embodiments of this kind comprise, e.g. circular, rhombic or elliptical depressions or elevations, the longitudinal axes of which do not necessarily have to be situated in the machine or cross direction of the structuring belt, but may form an acute angle therewith.

P2196PC TE1 090115

Citas de patentes
Patente citada Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US5861082 *5 Jun 199519 Ene 1999The Procter & Gamble CompanyWet pressed paper web and method of making the same
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Otras citas
Referencia
1None
2 *See also references of EP2229478A4
Citada por
Patente citante Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
WO2013009256A1 *9 Jul 201217 Ene 2013Metso Paper Karlstad AbA method and a machine for producing a structured fibrous web of paper
WO2015095431A1 *18 Dic 201425 Jun 2015The Procter & Gamble CompanySanitary tissue products
WO2016186562A1 *19 May 201624 Nov 2016Valmet AktiebolagA method of making a structured fibrous web and a creped fibrous web
WO2016205103A1 *13 Jun 201622 Dic 2016The Procter & Gamble CompanySeamless unitary deflection member for making fibrous structures having increased surface area
US8414741 *16 Sep 20099 Abr 2013Metso Paper Sweden AbTissue papermaking machine and a method of manufacturing a tissue paper web
US88710609 Jul 201228 Oct 2014Valmet AbMethod and a machine for producing a structured fibrous web of paper
US20110180223 *16 Sep 200928 Jul 2011Ingvar KlerelidTissue papermaking machine and a method of manufacturing a tissue paper web
Clasificaciones
Clasificación internacionalD21F3/02, D21F7/08, D21H27/02
Clasificación cooperativaD21F11/145, D21F11/006, D21F7/08, D21F11/14, D21H27/02, D21F1/0027
Clasificación europeaD21F11/14B, D21F11/14, D21F11/00E, D21F1/00E, D21F7/08, D21H27/02
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