|Número de publicación||WO2013081606 A1|
|Tipo de publicación||Solicitud|
|Número de solicitud||PCT/US2011/062654|
|Fecha de publicación||6 Jun 2013|
|Fecha de presentación||30 Nov 2011|
|Fecha de prioridad||30 Nov 2011|
|También publicado como||CA2856537A1, EP2785949A1, EP2785949A4|
|Número de publicación||PCT/2011/62654, PCT/US/11/062654, PCT/US/11/62654, PCT/US/2011/062654, PCT/US/2011/62654, PCT/US11/062654, PCT/US11/62654, PCT/US11062654, PCT/US1162654, PCT/US2011/062654, PCT/US2011/62654, PCT/US2011062654, PCT/US201162654, WO 2013/081606 A1, WO 2013081606 A1, WO 2013081606A1, WO-A1-2013081606, WO2013/081606A1, WO2013081606 A1, WO2013081606A1|
|Inventores||David P. DUCKWORTH, Ping C. Sui|
|Solicitante||Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (4), Otras citas (1), Clasificaciones (4), Eventos legales (5)|
|Enlaces externos: Patentscope, Espacenet|
DRILL BIT WITH SEAL HAVING SPHERES IN A MATRIX SEAL MATERIAL
This disclosure relates generally to equipment utilized and operations performed in conjunction with a subterranean well and, in one example described below, more particularly provides a drill bit with a seal having spheres in a matrix seal material of the seal.
Drill bits used to drill wellbores have to operate in an extremely hostile environment. As a result, such drill bits are highly specialized for their purpose. One such drill bit is of the type known as a roller cone bit, in which cutting elements are mounted on cones which rotate as the drill bit is rotated downhole to drill a wellbore.
To facilitate rotation of the cones, bearings are provided between the cones and a body of the bit, and lubricant is provided for the bearings. To prevent external debris from damaging the bearings or otherwise causing excessive wear in the rotating cones, and to prevent escape of the lubricant, seals are also provided in such bits. Unfortunately, in the harsh downhole environment, seals in drill bits tend to fail (e.g., permit excessive wear, no longer exclude debris, fail to contain the lubricant, etc.) sooner than is desired. Drilling operations could be made much more economical and expeditious if drill bit seals had longer lives.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a representative elevational view of a drill bit embodying principles of this disclosure.
FIG. 2 is a representative cross-sectional view through one arm of the drill bit of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a representative enlarged scale cross- sectional view through a seal which can embody principles of this disclosure.
FIG. 4 is a representative graph of sealing force over time for two seal examples .
FIG. 5 is a representative cross-sectional view of another configuration of the seal.
Representatively illustrated in FIG. 1 is a drill bit 10 which can embody principles of this disclosure. The drill bit 10 is of the type known to those skilled in the art as a roller cone bit or a tri-cone bit, due to its use of
multiple generally conical shaped rollers or cones 12 having earth-engaging cutting elements 14 thereon.
Each of the cones 12 is rotatably secured to a
respective arm 16 extending downwardly (as depicted in FIG. 1) from a main body 18 of the bit 10. In this example, there are three each of the cones 12 and arms 16.
However, it should be clearly understood that the principles of this disclosure may be incorporated into drill bits having other numbers of cones and arms, and other types of drill bits and drill bit configurations. The drill bit 10 depicted in FIG. 1 is merely one example of a wide variety of drill bits which can utilize the principles described herein .
Referring additionally now to FIG. 2, a cross-sectional view of one of the arms 16 is representatively illustrated. In this view it may be seen that the cone 12 rotates about a journal 20 of the arm 16. Retaining balls 22 are used between the cone 12 and the journal 20 to secure the cone on the arm.
Lubricant is supplied to the interface between the cone 12 and the journal 20 from a chamber 24 via a passage 26. A pressure equalizing device 28 ensures that the lubricant is at substantially the same pressure as the downhole
environment when the drill bit 10 is being used to drill a wellbore .
A seal 30 is used to prevent debris and well fluids from entering the interface between the cone 12 and the journal 20, and to prevent escape of the lubricant from the interface area. As the cone 12 rotates about the journal 20, the seal 30 preferably rotates with the cone and seals against an outer surface of the journal, as described more fully below. However, in other examples, the seal could remain stationary on the journal 20, with the cone 12 rotating relative to the journal and seal.
Referring additionally now to FIG. 3, an enlarged scale cross-sectional view of the seal 30 is representatively illustrated, along with a seal groove or gland 38 in which the seal is retained, and an adjacent surface 44 of the drill bit 10 against which the seal seals. In this example, the seal gland 38 is formed in the cone 12, and the surface 44 is formed on the journal 20, but in other examples the seal 30 could be otherwise retained and could seal against other surfaces.
Note that the seal 30 rotates with the cone 12 about the journal 20 during operation, so the seal dynamically contacts the surface 44 (e.g., there is relative
displacement between the seal and the surface while the seal sealingly contacts the surface). However, in other examples, the seal 30 could dynamically contact the cone 12 (e.g., the gland 38 could be formed on the journal 20, and the surface 44 could be formed in an interior of the cone, etc.).
This dynamic contact coupled with abrasive particles in the environment surrounding the drill bit 10 (for example, in drilling mud circulated through a drill string and wellbore during a drilling operation) can result in rapid wear of the seal 30, particularly where it contacts the surface 44.
However, the seal 30 depicted in FIG. 3 comprises many spheres 32 distributed in a matrix seal material 34. The spheres 32 enhance the wear resistance of the seal 30.
In this example, the spheres 32 comprise hollow glass microspheres. Suitable hollow glass microspheres are
marketed by Dyneon LLC of Oakdale, Minnesota USA (e.g., Product No. ΪΜ30Κ) , and manufactured by 3M of St. Paul, Minnesota USA.
In other examples, the spheres 32 may not be hollow, glass or micrometer-sized (e.g., approximately 1 to 1000 micrometers). The spheres 32 could instead be solid, made of another material and/or nanometer-sized, or otherwise dimensioned or configured.
The spheres 32 may have a hardness which is less than that of the journal 20 , or at least less than that of the surface 44 . In this manner, the spheres 32 will not
significantly abrade the surface 44 during operation.
However, the spheres 32 can have a hardness greater than that of the matrix seal material 34 , so that the spheres do not wear away as quickly as the seal material, thereby reducing the total wear of the seal 30 .
The matrix seal material 34 in this example comprises an elastomer--more particularly, a nitrile material (e.g., NBR) . The nitrile material may be hydrogenated (e.g., HNBR or HSN) . However, other materials (such as, fluorocarbon seal materials, EPDM, AFLAS(TM), FKM(TM), etc.) may be used in keeping with the scope of this disclosure.
The inventors have discovered that hollow glass microspheres can desirably share a compressive load in the seal 30 with the matrix seal material 34 . This results in reduced contact pressure between the seal 30 and the surface 44 , which reduces wear. In tests, solid spheres do no share the compressive load as desirably, perhaps because of the greater mismatch between the compressibility of the matrix seal material 34 and the compressibility of the solid spheres.
However, as representatively depicted in FIG. 4 , less sealing force is available over time from a compressed seal 30 with the spheres 32 therein (as indicated by curve 36 in FIG. 4 ) , as compared to a compressed seal without the spheres therein (as indicated by curve 40 in FIG. 4 ) . This unexpected result can be compensated for by increasing the initial compression of the seal 30 with the spheres 32 therein, so that it retains a desired sealing force over a desired period of time. This increase in initial compression can help to exclude debris and abrasive particles from the journal 20 and bearings 22 , and wear effects due to the increased compression can be more than offset by the
increased wear resistance of the seal 30 with the spheres 32 therein .
Referring additionally now to FIG. 5 , another
configuration of the seal 30 is representatively
illustrated. In this configuration, the spheres 32 are predominately in a portion 42 of the matrix seal material 34 which sealingly and dynamically contacts the drill bit 10 surface 44 .
The spheres 32 may, in some examples, be exclusively confined to only the portion 42 of the matrix seal material 34 . In other examples, the spheres 32 may be more dense in the portion 42 of the seal material 34 , as compared to in the remainder of the seal material.
As depicted in FIG. 5 , the portion 42 comprises an inner diameter portion of the seal 30 which contacts the journal 20 . In other examples, the portion 42 could comprise an outer diameter portion of the seal 30 , the portion 42 could be in sealing contact with the cone 12 or another drill bit surface, etc.
Furthermore, the portion 42 could comprise an entire outer surface portion of the seal 30 (e.g., the seal having a core of the matrix seal material 34 with none, or at least less density, of the spheres 32 in the core), so that any surface contacted by the seal also contacts the portion 42 . Thus, it will be appreciated that the principles of this disclosure are not limited to the specific details of the seal 30 examples described above, or to any specific
positioning of the spheres 32 in the seal.
It may now be fully appreciated that this disclosure provides significant advancements to the art of constructing drill bits with seals therein. In examples described above, the wear resistance of a seal 30 can be substantially increased by incorporating spheres 32 into at least a portion 42 of a matrix seal material 34.
In one example, a drill bit 10 can include a seal 30 which seals against a drill bit surface 44. The seal 30 comprises a matrix seal material 34 and a plurality of hollow spheres 32 in the matrix seal material 34.
The hollow spheres 32 may comprise hollow microspheres and/or hollow glass spheres.
The hollow spheres 32 may be are confined to a portion
42 of the matrix seal material 34. The portion 42 of the matrix seal material 34 may contact a journal 20 and/or a cone 12 of the drill bit 10. The portion 42 of the matrix seal material 34 may be in dynamic contact with at least one of a journal 20 of the drill bit 10 and a cone 12 of the drill bit 10 during operation.
The matrix seal material 34 can include at least one of nitrile and hydrogenated nitrile.
The hollow spheres 32 may have a hardness less than a hardness of a journal 20 of the drill bit 10.
Also described above is a drill bit 10 which, in one example, comprises a seal 30 including a matrix seal
material 34. A portion 42 of the matrix seal material 34 has a greater density of spheres 32 therein, as compared to outside of the portion 42. The portion 42 of the matrix seal material 34 is in dynamic sealing contact with a drill bit surface 44 during operation.
The above disclosure also describes an example of a drill bit 10 which comprises a journal 20, a cone 12 which rotates about the journal 20, and a seal 30 between the cone 12 and the journal 20. The seal 30 comprises a matrix seal material 34 and a plurality of spheres 32 in the matrix seal material 34. The matrix seal material 34 comprises nitrile.
Although various examples have been described above, with each example having certain features, it should be understood that it is not necessary for a particular feature of one example to be used exclusively with that example. Instead, any of the features described above and/or depicted in the drawings can be combined with any of the examples, in addition to or in substitution for any of the other features of those examples. One example's features are not mutually exclusive to another example's features. Instead, the scope of this disclosure encompasses any combination of any of the features .
Although each example described above includes a certain combination of features, it should be understood that it is not necessary for all features of an example to be used. Instead, any of the features described above can be used, without any other particular feature or features also being used.
It should be understood that the various embodiments described herein may be utilized in various orientations, such as inclined, inverted, horizontal, vertical, etc., and in various configurations, without departing from the principles of this disclosure. The embodiments are described merely as examples of useful applications of the principles of the disclosure, which is not limited to any specific details of these embodiments.
In the above description of the representative
examples, directional terms (such as "above," "below,"
"upper," "lower," etc.) are used for convenience in
referring to the accompanying drawings. However, it should be clearly understood that the scope of this disclosure is not limited to any particular directions described herein.
The terms "including," "includes," "comprising,"
"comprises," and similar terms are used in a non-limiting sense in this specification. For example, if a system, method, apparatus, device, etc., is described as "including" a certain feature or element, the system, method, apparatus, device, etc., can include that feature or element, and can also include other features or elements. Similarly, the term "comprises" is considered to mean "comprises, but is not limited to."
Of course, a person skilled in the art would, upon a careful consideration of the above description of
representative embodiments of the disclosure, readily appreciate that many modifications, additions,
substitutions, deletions, and other changes may be made to the specific embodiments, and such changes are contemplated by the principles of this disclosure. Accordingly, the foregoing detailed description is to be clearly understood as being given by way of illustration and example only, the spirit and scope of the invention being limited solely by the appended claims and their equivalents.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US4580794 *||16 Nov 1984||8 Abr 1986||Jamak, Inc.||Silicon rubber gasket and material|
|US5962076 *||22 Abr 1998||5 Oct 1999||Rolls-Royce Plc||Abradable composition, a method of manufacturing an abradable composition and a gas turbine engine having an abradable seal|
|US6543780 *||17 Nov 2000||8 Abr 2003||Hilti Aktiengesellschaft||Method of and device for sealing a gap|
|US20090038858 *||4 Ago 2008||12 Feb 2009||Smith International, Inc.||Use of nanosized particulates and fibers in elastomer seals for improved performance metrics for roller cone bits|
|1||*||See also references of EP2785949A4|
|Clasificación internacional||E21B12/00, E21B10/573|
|Clasificación cooperativa||F16J15/3284, E21B10/25|
|24 Jul 2013||121||Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application|
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