|Número de publicación||WO2015154301 A1|
|Tipo de publicación||Solicitud|
|Número de solicitud||PCT/CN2014/075144|
|Fecha de publicación||15 Oct 2015|
|Fecha de presentación||11 Abr 2014|
|Fecha de prioridad||11 Abr 2014|
|Número de publicación||PCT/2014/75144, PCT/CN/14/075144, PCT/CN/14/75144, PCT/CN/2014/075144, PCT/CN/2014/75144, PCT/CN14/075144, PCT/CN14/75144, PCT/CN14075144, PCT/CN1475144, PCT/CN2014/075144, PCT/CN2014/75144, PCT/CN2014075144, PCT/CN201475144, WO 2015/154301 A1, WO 2015154301 A1, WO 2015154301A1, WO-A1-2015154301, WO2015/154301A1, WO2015154301 A1, WO2015154301A1|
|Inventores||陈永曦, Yongxi CHEN|
|Solicitante||福建省百仕韦医用高分子股份有限公司, Fujian Bestway Medical Polymer Corporation|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (9), Clasificaciones (4), Eventos legales (3)|
|Enlaces externos: Patentscope, Espacenet|
技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD
本发明涉及一种医用医疗辅助器械，是一种用于医疗操作上液体分流、合流及抽注引流等场合的接驳开关，特别是一种医用开关接头。 The present invention relates to a medical aid medical devices, it is a medical procedure used for liquid diversion, confluence and pumping drainage and other occasions NOTE feeder switch, especially a medical switch connector.
背景技术 Background technique
在现有医疗技术领域中为了实现液体合流及抽注引流等操作，采用如图1 所示方法，是Y 型接头直接连接人体外留置导管，构成多路连通通道， Y 型接头接口支路端固接有针输液接头或无针输液接头，输液接头用于连接输液器等医疗器械。 In the prior art medical technology in order to achieve confluence and pumping liquid injection drainage and other operations, using the method shown in Figure 1, is a Y-connector is connected directly catheter outside the body, the multi-channel communication channel, Y-connector interface to branch end FIXED infusion needle or needleless connector fitting infusion, infusion connector for connecting the infusion and other medical equipment. 这种Y 型接头不适合用于药液分流场合，即一端供液，多端出液；在输液场合，当输液结束，肝素钠冲管后，撤出穿刺针，会产生负压，导致病患血液倒流进血管内留置导管端部，需作驱赶导管内倒流血液操作，操作太繁琐，若要不作驱赶血液操作， Y 型接头必须驳接昂贵的能产生正向液体流动的无针接头，对病患造成不小经济负担；而且在间歇式输液场合，无法关断药液注入通道，通过外部流量调节阀来截止液流，由于外部关断开关距离 Y 型接头还有一段距离，会令正在输注药液扩散进截断的管腔内，使得病患受药量不足，因而为了实现间歇供药，需拔出输注系统的穿刺针断开供液，需要时再驳接穿刺针，再接通供液，还有在输注引流场合，存在同间歇式输液场合一样问题缺陷，上述操作也很繁琐。 This Y-connector is not suitable for liquid shunt occasions, namely an end for the fluid, more bring out liquid; infusion occasions when the end of infusion, heparin red tube after the withdrawal of the needle, it will produce negative pressure, causing patients backflow of blood into the intravascular catheter end, the need for driving back the blood conduit operation, the operation is too cumbersome to operate without driving blood, Y-connector must be able to generate positive connections are expensive liquid flow without pin connector on the patients caused no small economic burden; and in case of intermittent infusion, can not turn off the liquid injection passageway to cut the flow control valve via an external flow, due to external OFF switch from the Y-connector is still some distance, will make being infusion liquid to diffuse into the inner lumen of the truncated so that patients suffer less than the dose, and therefore in order to achieve a batch for drug infusion systems need to pull off the needle for the fluid, and then the needle when connections are needed, then liquid supply is turned on, and the infusion of drainage occasion, there is a problem with intermittent infusion occasion defect as the operation is very cumbersome.
发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
本发明的目的在于克服现有技术中的不足之处，而提供一种输液结束撤出穿刺针后，不会产生负压，且可关断药液注入通道，得以进行间歇式输液，使用操作方便，适合医疗多种场合使用的医用开关接头。 The purpose of the present invention to overcome the prior art deficiencies, and to provide an infusion needle after the end of the withdrawal, will not produce negative pressure, and can be shut off liquid into the channel, to be carried out intermittent infusion, using the operation convenient switch connector suitable for medical use medical variety of occasions.
本发明的目的是通过以下技术实现： Object of the present invention is realized by the following technique:
医用开关接头，包括接头座、输液接头以及出液接头，共有一个或两个或多个输液接头分别与接头座连接，接头座通过出液接头与人体留置器械导管连接，其组成要点在于：输液接头以可以相对接头座运动的方式与接头座对应部位密封连接，藉着输液接头相对接头座的运动而开通或关断的一阀门跨接在输液接头内芯的输液通道与接头座内芯的过液腔之间，输液通道经由此阀门以及过液腔与出液接头内芯的出液通道连通。 Medical switch connector, comprising connector housing, connector and infusion of fluid connectors, a total of one or two or more fluid connectors and connector housing are connected, through the connector housing and the body fluid fitting instrument indwelling catheter connection consisting point is: Infusion In the joint connector housing relatively movable manner corresponding to the joint portion of the sealing seat is connected, through the infusion fitting relative movement of the joint opening of the seat or off of a valve connected across the joint fluid infusion channel and the inner core within the core of the joint seat between too fluid chamber, fluid passage through this valve and fluid through the fluid chamber and the inner core of the joint fluid passage.
这样，通过此阀门可以随意关断或开通该开关所对应的输液接头，得以进行间歇式输液，且使用操作方便。 Thus, by this valve can take off or turn the switch corresponding infusion connectors, to be carried out intermittent infusion, and easy to operate. 而由于此阀门相对输液接头上的肝素帽更靠近留置器械导管，这样在进行撤出穿刺针作业、拔出肝素钠冲管针时，不会产生负压。 And because of this infusion of heparin cap valve fitting on relatively closer to an indwelling catheter device, so the withdrawal of the needle during the operation, pull out the red tube needle when heparin, does not produce a negative pressure.
而此输液接头实质上又成为此阀门的控制开关。 And this infusion connector essentially has become this valve control switch.
本发明的目的还可以通过以下途径来实现。 The purpose of the present invention can also be achieved through the following channels.
输液接头以相对接头座上下移动的方式与接头座弹簧预紧连接，移动行程低位端点输液接头与接头座卡触锁定，释放后被弹簧弹离至移动行程高位端点的输液接头相对接头座下压自由，上述低位端点和高位端点分别对应阀门的关断和开通。 Infusion joints to move up and down relative to the joint housing connected with the joint seat spring preload, low-end mobile travel infusion connector and joint seat contact card lock, release the spring after the bounce off the high end of the stroke to move relative to the lower joint seat infusion joint press freedom, said lower end and high end, respectively valve off and opened.
上述这种控制开关的构造实际上就是单笔芯圆珠笔按压控制笔芯上下移动的构造，具体到本案中，圆珠笔端部按压头以及笔芯相当于本申请的输液接头，圆珠笔筒体相当于本申请的接头座，由于这种构造是一种公知技术，这里不再予以赘述。 This configuration of the above-described control switch is actually a single refill ballpoint refill move up and down and press the controller configuration, specific to the present case, the ends of the pressing head and a ballpoint pen refill of the present application corresponds to infusion connectors, ball-point pen barrel is equivalent to the present joint seat application, since this structure is a well-known technique, and is not to be repeated here.
输液接头以相对接头座转动的方式与接头座连接，转动行程的两个端点分别对应阀门的关断和开通。 Infusion joint to joint seat relative to the joint housing rotatably connected to the two ends of the rotation corresponding to the valve stroke off and opened.
此转动连接的轴线或者与输液接头的轴线同轴或者垂直相交或者倾斜相交。 This axis of rotation coaxial with the axis and connected or infusion joints or perpendicular or inclined intersect.
这种构造的进一步优化是： This structure is further optimized:
接头座呈一种圆筒形，输液接头一端头与此圆筒形套接，套接处的转动轴心与圆筒形的轴线同轴，但与输液接头的轴线倾斜相交，接头座的圆筒形内腔是过液腔，套接处的圆筒形侧壁上贯穿有通液小孔，转动至开通端点的输液接头其输液通道恰与此通液小孔连通。 Joint seat was a cylindrical shape, one end of the coaxial connector infusion head with this cylindrical socket socket at the axis of rotation of the cylindrical axis, but inclined axis intersects with the infusion joints, joint seat round cylindrical cavity is too fluid chamber through the cylindrical side wall sockets have at the liquid through the hole, turn to the opening end of the infusion fluid passageway just fitting it with liquid orifice communicating this through.
当共有两个输液接头时，该两个输液接头分别对应安装在此圆筒形接头座的两端。 There are two connectors when the infusion, the infusion of the two connectors at both ends respectively mounted on this cylindrical fitting seat.
出液接头是由一圆锥阳接头和套入其外围的活动螺母构成，阳接头后端具有一螺母轴线活动受限于此的凸起环卡，阳接头插入与体外留置导管连接的圆锥阴接头，活动螺母与阴接头上螺牙旋接。 A fluid connector consists of a male connector and a conical sleeve into its activities outside a nut, the rear end of the male connector has a nut axis activity limited to this projection ring card, the male connector into the female cone vitro indwelling catheter connection joints , activity on the female connector nut and screw thread connection.
由于活动螺母与环卡的卡接作用，令出液接头外周表面与阴接头内表面能够紧密配合，如此出液通道与阴接头内腔和留置导管管腔相连通。 Since the activities snap action nut and ring card, so the fluid connector and the inner surface of the outer peripheral surface of the female connector can work closely together, so the fluid passage of the female connector and catheter lumen lumen in communication.
综上所述，本发明相比现有技术具有如下优点：输液结束撤出穿刺针后，不会产生负压，且可关断药液注入通道，得以进行间歇式输液，使用操作方便，适合医疗多种场合使用。 In summary, the present invention has the following advantages over the prior art: After the end of the infusion needle withdrawal, no negative pressure, and may be turned off liquid injection channel, to be carried out intermittent infusion, easy to operate, for Medical various occasions. 可以将三通接头调换方向使用，即将出液接头作为输液接头，而将输液接头作为出液接头，此时即可适合用于药液分流场合，即一端供液，多端出液，这是一种出乎意料的效果。 Tee swap direction may be used as the forthcoming joint fluid infusion connector, while the infusion fluid connector as the connector, then the case can be suitable for liquid shunt that end for the fluid, brought out more liquid, which is a kind of unexpected results.
附图说明： BRIEF DESCRIPTION:
图1 是现有技术中的一种接头与人体外留置器械的软管连接在一起的结构示意图。 Figure 1 is a block diagram of a prior art hose fitting instrument indwelling outer body connected together.
图2 是本发明实施例1 所述医用开关接头与人体外留置器械的软管连接在一起的结构示意图。 Figure 2 is a schematic of medical joined the 1 switch connector hose outside the body indwelling instrument embodiment of the present invention.
图3 是本发明最佳实施例所述医用开关接头与人体外留置器械的阴接头连接在一起的结构示意图。 Figure 3 is a block diagram of medical switch connector retention devices outside the body of the female connector together the best embodiment of the present invention.
图4 是图2 和图3 所述医用开关接头的左视图。 Figure 4 is a left side view of FIG. 2 and 3 medical switch connector.
图5 是本发明实施例所述医用开关接头中的输液接头的结构剖视示意图。 Figure 5 is a structural example of the medical infusion switch connector fitting embodiment of the present invention is a cross-sectional schematic view.
图6 是图5 左视图。 Figure 6 is a left side view of FIG. 5.
图7 是本发明实施例所述医用开关接头接通状态示意图。 Figure 7 is an embodiment of the present invention, the switch connector on state medical FIG.
标号说明： Label Description:
1 接头座1.1 通液小孔1.2 出液通道1.3 过液腔2 密封圈3 端盖4 输液接头4.1 输液通道4.2 小孔通道4.3 安装孔4.4 旋转滑动孔腔。 1 connector housing through the liquid orifice 1.1 1.2 1.3 fluid passage through the liquid chamber cover 2 3 4 infusion seals infusion channel connector 4.1 4.2 4.3 mounting hole 4.4 orifice passage rotary slide bore.
下面结合附图对本发明进行更详尽的描述。 Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the present invention will be described in more detail.
具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION
实施例1 ： Example 1:
如图2 、图4 和图5 、图6 所示，医用开关接头由接头座1 、输液接头4 、出液接头以及阀门组成，接头座1 是一种由三个圆筒形体相贯而成的T 字形体， T 字形体上半部两端圆筒的端部对称设置端盖3 和密封圈2 ，该横向的圆筒体内腔是过液腔1.3 ，而竖向的圆筒型体是出液接头，其内腔则是出液通道1.2 ，出液通道1.2 与过液腔1.3 相连通。 Figure 2, Figure 4 and Figure 5, Figure 6, the medical switch connector from the connector housing 1, infusion joint 4, the liquid composition connectors and valves, fittings, Block 1 is an intersection of three cylindrical body formed The T-shaped section, the T-shaped section ends at both ends of the cylinder are arranged symmetrically halves cap 3 and seal 2, a cylindrical cavity of the body is too fluid chamber transverse 1.3, while the vertical cylindrical body is a fluid connector, which is a fluid passage lumen 1.2, 1.2 and had a fluid passage communicating the liquid chamber 1.3. 接头座1T 字形上半部两端外周呈阶梯轴状，出液接头体直接与体外留置导管固接；输液接头4 下部具有一旋转滑动孔腔4.4 ，孔腔与接头座1 两端阶梯轴外周相吻合，通过过渡配合及密封连接，可在阶梯轴上自由转动，孔腔轴向与输液接头轴线呈一定夹角，输液通道是一内圆锥通道，通道底部是一小孔通道4.2 ，其与旋转滑动孔腔4.4 相连通。 1T-shaped joint seat on both ends of the outer periphery half ladder shaft shape, a joint body fluid in vitro catheter directly fastened; infusion joint fourth lower cavity having a rotary slide 4.4, the outer periphery of the bore and the joint seat stepped shaft 1 ends match, by transition fit and sealed connection, rotatable shaft ladder free, axial bore infusion joint axis was a certain angle, the infusion passage is an inner tapered channel, a small hole at the bottom of the channel is 4.2 channel, with 4.4 rotation sliding bore communicates. 环形密封圈2 用医用弹性软材料制成，设置于旋转滑动孔腔4.4 两端圆安装孔腔中，密封圈2 端面与孔腔端面紧贴。 Annular ring 2 with medical soft elastic material provided at both ends of the rotary slide bore 4.4 round mounting holes cavity seal end face 2 face and the bore close. 接头座 1 两端阶梯轴穿过密封圈2 内孔、旋转滑动孔腔4.4 ，轴端与密封圈2 端面平齐，阶梯面与密封圈2 另一端面紧贴。 Connector Block 1 ends stepped shaft seal 2 through the hole, rotating slide bore 4.4, shaft and seal the second end face flush, stepped surface and the other end face against the seal ring 2. 端盖3 是一阶梯圆柱体，小端与接头座1 上过液腔1.3 两端孔相吻合，端盖小端穿过密封圈，插入过液腔1.3 两端孔，实现密封紧配合，同时端盖3 中间阶梯面紧密压迫密封圈2 端面，并与接头座1T 字上半部两端面进行固接。 3 is a stepped cylinder cap, small joint seat on one end and both ends of the hole was over 1.3 fits into a cavity, through the small end cap seals, inserted through the holes at both ends 1.3 fluid chamber, a seal tight fit, while 3 intermediate step face cover tightly seals the second end face of oppression, and with half the joint end faces fastened seat 1T word. 与旋转滑动孔腔4.4 对应处的圆筒形侧壁上贯穿有通液小孔1.1 ，旋转输液接头4 至开通端点时，小孔通道4.2 与该通液小孔1.1 重合，二者连通，从而输液通道4.1 经由小孔通道4.2 、通液小孔1.2 、过液腔1.3 与出液通道1.2 连通。 And the rotation of the cylindrical sidewall of the corresponding slide bore at 4.4 fluid through a through hole 1.1, when the rotary joint 4 to the opening of the infusion endpoints orifice passage coincides with this liquid orifice 4.2 1.1, both the communication and thus 4.1 4.2 infusion channel, through liquid orifice 1.2, 1.3 over the liquid chamber communicating with the fluid passage through the orifice passage 1.2.
本发明是如此工作的：当两支输液接头与接头座轴线同在一个平面时，输液接头小孔通道4.2 与接头座上通液小孔 1.1 成大约90 度错开，由于接头座阶梯轴外周表面与输液接头的旋转滑动孔腔表面具有密封配合，输液通道4.1 与过液腔1.3 全部被截止，各通道互不相同。 The present invention is so works: When the two joints with joint seat infusion same axis in a plane, infusion connector fitting seat orifice channel 4.2 and 1.1 through the liquid orifice shifted about 90 degrees, since the outer circumferential surface of the joint seat stepped shaft and the rotary slide bore surface with a sealing joint infusion, infusion passage through the liquid chamber 4.1 and 1.3 were all off, each channel are different. 当需要其中一路输液接头输注操作时，只需摆动该输液接头，并令小孔通道4.2 与通液小孔1.1 大约重叠，如此这侧输液接头通过小孔通道4.2 、通液小孔1.1 和过液腔1.3 与出液通道1 ， 2 连通，即可输注或抽取液体。 When you need the way in which the infusion when infused joint operation, just swing the infusion connectors, and make holes through the fluid passage orifice 4.2 and 1.1 about overlap, so this side of the joint through a small orifice passage infusion 4.2, 1.1 and liquid flow orifice through the liquid chamber and the fluid channel 1 1.3 2 connectivity, you can infusion or withdrawal of fluids. 当不需要这侧通道时，只需摆回输液接头，即可关断液体通道。 When this side of the channel is not required, just put back an infusion connector, you can shut off the liquid passage. 当其中一侧输液通道已经连通，再需要另一侧输液通道时，可如上操作摆动另一侧输液接头，令另一侧输液通道与出液通道连通，如此实现了液体合流输注功能，在需要时，可随时截断其中任一通道，达到间歇式输注目的。 When one side of the infusion channel has been established, and then need another infusion channel side, it can swing the other side of the infusion as joint operations, to make the other side of the channel and the fluid infusion passage, so to achieve a liquid infusion confluence function, When needed, they can always cut off where any channel, to intermittent infusion purposes. 根据医疗需要，通过摆动输液接头配合，也可轻松实现抽吸引流腔体积液积气和输注药物。 The medical needs, through joint cooperation swing infusion can also be easily pumped fluid drainage lumen volume of product gas and infusion drugs.
本实施例未述部分与现有技术相同。 The present embodiment is not the same part of the prior art described.
最佳实施例： Best Example:
如图3 所示，医用开关接头，由于出液接头不与软管固定链接，而可以是一种独立式三通开关。 As shown in Figure 3, the medical switch connector, since the fluid hose fitting is not fixed link, but may be a three-way stand-alone switch. 其出液接头是由一圆锥阳接头和套入其外围的活动螺母构成，阳接头后端具有一凸起环卡，螺母轴线活动受限于环卡，阳接头插入与体外留置导管连接的圆锥阴接头，活动螺母与阴接头上螺牙旋接，由于活动螺母与环卡的卡接作用，令出液接头外周表面与阴接头内表面能够紧密配合，如此出液通道与阴接头内腔和留置导管管腔相连通。 Its a fluid connector consists of a male connector and a conical sleeve into its activities outside a nut, the rear end of the male connector having a convex ring card, nut axis activity is limited to the ring card, the male connector into an indwelling catheter connected with in vitro cone female connector, activity on the female connector nut thread screwing, snap-action activities due to the nut and ring card, so that the liquid outer peripheral surface of the joint inner surface of the female connector can work closely together, so the fluid passage of the female connector cavity and indwelling catheter lumen in communication.
当在群体性病发，需要输注药液，而人手又不足场合，可采用如图3 独立式三通开关，将开关串接起来，可实现统一供药，同时多人受药，大大节省了人力，降低了医务人员劳动强度。 When the group of sexually transmitted diseases hair, need an infusion liquid, while manpower is inadequate occasion, three-way switch can be used independently as shown, the switch connected in series, can achieve unity for the drug, while the people affected by drugs, saving manpower, reduce labor intensity of the medical staff.
本实施例未述部分与实施例1 相同。 Part of this embodiment described in Example 1 is not the same.
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|Clasificación cooperativa||A61M39/04, A61M2039/0205, A61M39/02|
|25 Nov 2015||121||Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application|
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