For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects PATTERNING AND BLENDING WITH LATERAL of the invention, reference should be had to the followDISTRIBUTION CHANNELS AND CROSSWISE ing detailed description taken in connection with the
FEEDER SYSTEMS accompanying drawings wherein:
This invention relates to the supply, staging, propor- 5 FIG. 1 is a sectional view of the supply container tioning and feeding of fluid bands in variable individual connected to the center of a longitudinally cut distribuand in variable total widths comprising an infinite num- tor and feeder assembly and compressed to a unit beber of combinations and variations and to guide these tween the frame.
compositions in a controlled and repeatable manner to FIG. 2 is a plan view with examples of varying stopan application plane where they are adhering to and 10 per orifices inserted to provide a combination flow of removed by a continuously or intermittently moving several components in many feeder chambers, the dissurface. tributor is omitted for clarity of illustration.
Objects of this invention are; to provide apparatus FIG. 3 is a side elevation of three distribution chanand means for multiple fluid feeding and blending of nels with electrodes at different levels to adjust kinetic formulations in a predetermined and constant manner 15 energy and three connecting stoppers to feed a combito diverse surfaces moving at variable speeds; to immu- nation of a11 three distribution liquids into the same nize the application area from pressure surges due to feeder chamber.
intermittent supply sequences which are regulated by FIG- 4 demonstrates a selection of types of connectautomatic level sensors in each distributor; and to ere- in8 stoppers to illustrate the scope of their functions, ate a feeding entity separate from the distribution sys- 20 and
tern but linked with a patterning system capable of FIG- 5 is a variat'on showing a mouth section raised proportional correlation of liquid streams. Low pres- above the bottom of a feeder chamber, sure gravity feeding from constant-level apex to the 11118 invention is concerned with the supply, proporapplication plane relies on low height, low kinetic en- tIoninS and sPac,ng of multiple liquid streams feeding ergy, and limited boundary interference. This gravity 25 an WP^TM area of variable type and varying strucfeed is further modified by the adherence of the con- 'ure-11IS ab e to SUPP,V ^Tat^ a"d repeatable liquid tacting band of fluid compositions to the passing sur- bands directly to webs, sheets, textiles, rigid or plastic face and by its speed in passing the application plane. material8 °r indirectly to carriers; embossed, engraved, This force of adhesion extends into the interior of each °,r any other te*tur?d or stTMctured surface- In textile* feeder chamber due to the link between surface adhe- 30 alone 11 18 ... to dlrect application, intaglio sion and molecular cohesion of the feeding liquid or ^""^^ein^nd others' ... ...
liquids. The fixed force of kinetic energy controlled by WaiP vein8an ° ers- _ tJ • .l i . j flL i i The procedural steps are outlined in FIG. 1 starting
the positive positioning of the electrodes of the level . - . r ... „ J * • i J i i
v . ~ ,. . at right with the fluid container 1 and a supply line
sensors, or by floating sensors signaling an angle vana- 3J connected to one distribution channel 4. The flow tion, or any other signaling device, thus combines with s thg ional ya,ve 2 tQ reach ^ ... CQn.
the variable pull through adhesion to the moving sub- tro„ed flow 3 which fae a ... valvg Qr strata to form a flexible and within limits self-adjusting and fa lead th h a ... , connection
supply force independent from the powers staging a 5 into the center of the distributor 4> only the right half fixed amount of liquid level ,n each distributor. This 4Q fa shown wi(h valye 2 thg flow is controlled b combination of pressure staging and low pressure apph- the "normally open" type solenoid valve 3. The flow cation is a particular object of this invention. It pro- continues by adjusted gravity or pump pressure on top vides adequate fluid reserves close enough to the apph- of tne center baffle 7 and divides into one left and one cation plane to assure constant levels at high produc- right branch ^ indicated by the arrows. The right half tion speeds and the low pressure in application reduces 45 shown drops to a iower baffle and divides again, with the required sealing pressure in the contact area be- the inner branch dropping to the bottom of the distribtween feeder chambers and the substrate. utor 4 ^ the outer branch continuing to the extremity
A further object is to equip the apparatus and devices 0f baffle 7 where it also reaches the bottom of distribuwith calibrated measuring orifices capable to channel tor 4 Dr drops to another baffle as warranted by the several liquids at constantly proportional rates into the 50 width of the system. This multiple spacing of the supply same feeder chamber and to supply these formulated js one way Qf keeping the entrance pressure of the fluid compositions in specific layers and/or strata, or to supply from favouring feeder chambers 11 being conblend them thoroughly before the application area. nected in close proximity to such entrances. Another
Another object is to securely unite the distribution method is illustrated in FIG. 3 which shows pipe 19 in system with the feeder system over the total contact 55 cross-section. Pipe 19 is extending laterally in the top area, holding it in a sandwich-frame equipped with a of each distributor 4 with openings at small intervals three-plane alignment and adjustment combination for facing one or both sidewalk of distributor 4. These precision guidance and and firm control in respect to openings are adjusted in size or distance from each the application plane. other to compensate for frictional pressure losses along
Other objects of the invention will in part be obvious 60 the length of pipe 19 in order to provide equal supply and will in part appear hereinafter. The invention ac- with instant surface level over the entire length of the cordingly comprises the process involving the several distributor 4. In this instance the supply spouts extend steps and the relation and order of one or more of such from one or both lateral extremities and on very wide steps with respect to each of the others and the appara- units intermediate connections may be added to assure tus possessing the construction, combination of ele- 65 even supply over the entire liquid level. Spraying the rrients and arrangement of parts which are exemplified liquid supply onto the sidewalls, or onto special rims in the following detailed disclosure,; and the scope of along these sidewalls of each distributor 4 reduces the the invention which will be indicated in the claims. supply pressure due to friction/adhesion boundary in